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particle dissolution

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0049796
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... corrosion product. Note the presence of substantial amounts of chlorine. Fig. 5 X-ray spectrum from pin corrosion product. Note the presence of substantial amounts of chlorine. Fig. 6 Scanning electron micrographs of Ti-KClO 4 pyrotechnic. Large particles (area A) are KClO 4 ; small...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... to aggregate particles being fractured, and then large pieces can be fractured from the jets that are produced by the cavitation. Thus, the fundamental mechanism of material removal in most wear and erosion processes is fracture and dissolution. Sometimes they are conjoint. In Table 2 , the main wear...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... present either between grains or a particle/matrix boundary coincident with the grain boundary ( Ref 4 ). When the grain structure is equiaxed, the fracture surface typically reveals a faceted “rock candy” fracture surface ( Fig. 2a ), which may be visible at low magnification (hand lens) if the grain...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0047598
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... tungsten arc welded tailpipes should be postweld annealed by re-solution treatment to redissolve all particles of carbide in the HAZ. Also, it was suggested that resistance seam welding be used, because there would be no corrosion problem with the faster cooling rate characteristic of this technique...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003540
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... scale, crack growth occurs by any one or a combination of the following ( Ref 6 ): Tensile separation of atoms (decohesion) Shear movement of atoms (dislocation egress or insertion) Removal or addition of atoms by dissolution or diffusion All of these processes can occur preferentially...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001490
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... that it was swept ahead of the aluminum alloy zone. The interface between the iron-aluminum alloy and the carbon-enriched steel was marked by rows of fine aluminum-rich precipitate particles, probably aluminum carbide or aluminum nitride. The iron-aluminum layer was composed of large grains, the grain boundaries...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... to describe, and no single word properly fits. Corrosion involves a combination of different mechanisms, such as dissolution and invasive penetration (where diffusion, grain boundary, and stress corrosion may all be present), and oxidation-reduction reactions (where absorption, desorption, and mass transport...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... wear test WEAR is defined as surface damage with gradual removal of material from solid surfaces by abrasives or a counterface in relative motion. Corrosion is the deterioration of a metal as a result of chemical reactions between it and the surrounding environment, involving metal dissolution...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... K.K. , and Clark H.McI. , On the Particle Size Effect in Slurry Erosion , Wear of Materials 1991 , Ludema K.C. , Ed., American Society of Mechanical Engineers , 1991 , p 77 – 82 18. Clark H.McI. , Slurry Erosion , Proc. Conf. on Corrosion-Erosion-Wear of Material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... mechanisms, such as galvanic corrosion, crevice corrosion, and pitting corrosion; creep; and fatigue. Impingement by solid particles can contribute to erosion-corrosion, or it can accelerate corrosion in the various gaseous and molten environments. Primary mechanisms include: Oxidation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001684
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... environments. In the α–β brass components, the β brass was usually selectively attacked and replaced with Cu, but at some locations both phases were attacked. Concomitantly with the dezincification, Pb particles which were present in some of the the components were apparently dissolved and redeposited...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... typically by metal dissolution and/or metal oxide formation) and a cathode (which gains electrons and typically liberates hydrogen to the electrolyte and/or reduces oxides). Both reactions at the anode and cathode must proceed simultaneously for galvanic corrosion to occur. The overall reaction results...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... propagation rates . Eng. Frac. Mech. 68 , 1777 – 1790 ( 2001 ) 10.1016/S0013-7944(01)00056-X 22. Pinnel M.R. , Bennet J.E. : Voluminous oxidation of aluminium by continuous dissolution in a wetting mercury film . J. Mater. Sci. 7 , 1016 – 1026 ( 1972 ) 10.1007/BF00550065 23...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... as a barrier to further reaction with the environment (by cracking and dissolution of the scale), leading to faster rates of oxidation. Because the salt itself is not consumed during hot corrosion, a small amount can cause damage for extended times. More information on the mechanisms of hot corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001695
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... oxidation. The film can be dissolved in the presence of some chemicals and this can lead to dissolution of the metal. When the film is damaged under conditions that normal self healing does not occur, localized corrosion in the form of pitting or intergrannular attack can occur. 3 The oxide film formed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... ( 2010 ) 10.1016/j.corsci.2010.02.004 3. Forder A. , Thew M. , Harrison D. , A numerical investigation of solid particle erosion experienced within oilfield control valves . Wear 216 , 184 – 193 ( 1998 ) 10.1016/S0043-1648(97)00217-2 4. Tresseder R.S...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001632
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Radiation damage Inconel 718 UNS N07718 (Other, general, or unspecified) fracture Radiation - indirect failure Introduction High-power accelerator facilities must have provision for stopping the beam they produce following its use at targets where subnuclear particles are produced and used...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... that has high thermal conductivity. The third solution to the thermal problem also offers resistance to cold flow. For these purposes, the polymer can be filled and reinforced with particles or fibers of glass, metal, and minerals. However, these fillers usually cause more wear of the shaft than...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001803
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... to wear of the prosthetic components. Berger et al. [ 29 ] showed another failure case occurring due to dissolution of hydroxyapatite of coated implants. These selected studies illustrate the number of variables involved in the implant failure process. However, it is important to note that most implants...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... is referred to as couple action, and the electrically coupled system is known as a galvanic cell. The couple consists of an anode (which liberates electrons and corrodes typically by metal dissolution and/or metal oxide formation) and a cathode (which gains electrons and typically liberates hydrogen...