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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... the intergranular stress corrosion cracks covered in chloride rich corrosion product, were detected. The packaging materials were examined for chlorides. The packaging materials consisted of a polyurethane foam in intimate contact with the part, encompassed by a paper barrier material. The paper barrier...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001492
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... at the oxidized copper surface. Electroless nickel plating separation from OFHC copper leads was caused by improper handling rather than a plating anomaly per se. Tin plating separation from copper underplating on a hybrid package lid occurred because of a four-week delay between the copper plating and tin...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006827
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... history is a frequently used term in the electronic packaging industry to describe the product-level thermal exposure experience. The IMC grains can grow under high-temperature conditions, and temperatures exceeding the T g of the epoxy can cause epoxy resin strength degradation ( Ref 39 ). Fatigue...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001647
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
...-penetration, autogenous, gas tungsten arc weld (GTAW) ( Fig. 2 ). The GTAW closure-welding system was developed and qualified before being used for production packaging of plutonium-bearing materials. The closure welding system and qualification efforts are described in Ref 1 and 2 . Fig. 2 Full...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001274
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... deflection of the tray handles that had occurred in the failed tray. Full distortion of the handles was obtained experimentally only by dropping a full hot tray on its end onto the floor. The test results indicated that the tray had slipped from the hand of the user. Bending Deflection Food packaging...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003505
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... avoided if the victim had been wearing safety glasses. The possibility of eye injury when working with tools is well known. Manufacturers usually add a warning to the product itself or its packaging. Employers require both workers and visitors to wear eye protection and provide training on its importance...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... lubrication. The machine manufacturer therefore switched to bearings with shells of a complex bronze. Bearing steel Cracking (fracturing) Food packaging Needle bearings Ball bearing steel Corrosion fatigue Pitting corrosion A needle bearing from a filling- and seating machine for milk cartons...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006927
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... for the product being contained. For example, many fluids used for skin care or beauty treatments are packaged in containers that convey the aesthetic behind the branding of the product. Automotive interiors designed to be both ergonomic and aesthetic are another example of plastic part development in which...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... corrosion products on surface. Specimen Selection Several corroded grate bars were carefully removed from a grate box and packaged in plastic bags to avoid contamination and loss of surface scale. The bars were examined metallographically and by using electron microscopy. Chemical and X-ray...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006938
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
.... This article focuses on design-related failures in products utilizing polymeric materials, and reviews important considerations of the design envelope of plastic parts. The article provides a non-exhaustive list and descriptions of design tools that can support the design process and the prevention of design...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006939
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... for plastic and metal household articles Improve the aesthetic appearance with gloss/matt finish Aesthetics and household applications Commodity packaging Coatings for metal can or glass and polymer packaging Enhanced oil/water-repelling ability High abrasion resistance during production...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006925
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
.... Chief among the factors to consider are production volume and information about the size, shape, and complexity of the part. With the process-first approach, the designer begins by selecting the manufacturing process, guided by the same factors. Then, materials consistent with the selected process...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001769
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... biochemical characterization using the following tests: (1) Gram staining, (2) Catalase test, (3) oxidase test, (4) pigment production, (5) nitrate reduction test, (6) indole production, (7) methyl red test, (8) Voges–Proskauer test, (9) citrate utilization test, (10) McConkey test, (11) Urease activity, (12...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006773
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... in the stages of development, this feature may serve as a very strong tool in failure analysis and life assessment. Much like the application of fracture mechanics, the majority of FEA packages also now offer the extension of using fatigue analysis features. Both are important tools in assessing failures (see...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003526
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... Currently there are numerous commercial software packages available with a variety of options designed for use on all types of personal computer (PC) and mainframe platforms. Generating models through interactive design and importing model geometry from computer-aided design (CAD) software is making FEA...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c0089429
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
.... Finally, it should be noted that this accident could have been avoided if the victim had been wearing safety glasses. The possibility of eye injury when working with tools is well known. Manufacturers usually add a warning to the product itself or its packaging. Employers require both workers and visitors...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006759
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of corrosion products, the geometry of fracture surfaces, or inaccessibility of the component making chemical analysis a challenge. The investigator must take every precaution to avoid delivering misleading compositional information, and engineering/scientific judgement is key in providing the best possible...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006864
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... sheets into three-dimensional (3D) shapes. Thermoformed parts can be classified as packaging/disposable products, which account for approximately two-thirds of all thermoformed products, with major markets in food packaging, consumer products, medical and pharmaceutical, electronics, and personal care...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001710
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... and uranium. Scratches and imperfections in protective oxide coating on the cladding Low flow/stagnant water. The increased storage time for the aluminum-clad fuel caused by a suspension of processing resulted in visible, nodular corrosion product on the surfaces of the fuel. Much...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001833
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... elements such as phosphorous and tin embrittles the material so a crack can easily initiate and propagate along a grain boundary.[ 2 – 9 ] Additionally, phosphorus segregation to dislocation pile-ups can promote a cleavagelike fracture. The driving force for such segregation is the production of Suzuki...