1-20 of 167 Search Results for

oxide film

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001687
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
..., and were partially filled by a Mn-Fe bearing chromium oxide film. The areas adjacent to the oxide film were chemically depleted in C, Cr and Mn and rich in Fe and Ni. Associated with this depletion were a large concentration of microvoids. It was suggested that the dissolution of carbides in areas...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001718
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... with pitting. Uniform corrosion is evident and two deep linear defects are present on impeller blade tips. In contrast, the undamaged impeller surfaces are covered with a dark oxide film. This and many other impellers in seemingly identical service conditions survive long lives with little or no apparent...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001283
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
.... Microexamination of sections across the defects revealed intergranular cracks tracing a path of round, segregated particles and oxide film discontinuities. The segregated particles were rich in copper It was concluded that the cracking was the result of segregations occurring in poor-quality raw material...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0091727
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... is promoted by crazing of the protective oxide film. It was learned that minor changes in the testing procedures could inhibit or accelerate the reaction. Recommendations included replacing the methanol with a suitable alternate fluid. Isopropyl alcohol was chosen after considerable testing. This incident...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0048702
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... the formation of protective oxide films was recommended. Condenser tubes Salt water Sulfurization Aluminum brass Pitting corrosion A tube sample from an aluminum brass seawater surface condenser was received for analysis. This condenser had failed due to pitting after less than 1 year of service...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0047586
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... through the neck was sectioned; examination showed that the crack had extended through the repair weld. The crack had followed an intergranular path. The crack was opened, and binocular-microscope examination of the fracture surface showed that the surface contained dendrites with discolored oxide films...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0045918
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, fluorine, and chlorine. Investigation into the processing history of the part showed the tenacious oxide film formed by the affinity of niobium for oxygen - even when heat treated in a vacuum – was removed with a combination of strong acids: nitric, hydrochloric, hydrofluoric...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c9001450
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
.... In the region of the fracture the grain boundaries were delineated as a near-continuous network of cavities and films of oxide. It was evident that the failure of the rivets in service was attributable to intergranular weakness in the material due to gassing. Boilers Gases Arsenical tough-pitch copper...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001628
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... showed that the discoloration on the cylinder was associated with metal oxidation products coated with a thin oil film. One of the recommendations was to plate the OD of the cylinder with hard chromium to increase its resistance to erosion. Another recommendation was to reduce the amounts of water...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... An essential requirement for the occurrence of LME (and SMIE) is that there must be intimate contact (“wetting”) between the embrittling metal and substrate, with no intervening oxide or other films [ 2 – 8 ]. The long incubation times sometimes observed for LME under sustained loads are probably associated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0047745
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... the steel surface from oxidation during torch heating, because the oxide layer was about 0.008 mm (0.0003 in.) thick and thus could not have been only the normal passivated film, which is too thin to measure. During examination of this joint, another such assembly broke at the brazed joint when...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... 36 , 2001 , p 3479 56. Li L. and Li D.Y. , A Computational Study on the Effect of Minor Yttrium on the Interfacial Adherence of Al Oxide Film to Aluminum Substrate , J. Phys., Condens. Matter , Vol 31 , 2019 , p 295003 10.1088/1361-648X/ab1864 57. Radu I...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c0091394
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... to passivate, polarize, and keep clean, making it the most resistant to activation. If a crevice is present, it will produce a relatively long active site. The area under rubber or in a tight joint is easily activated by Cl ion attack. The absence of sufficient oxidizers does not allow the passive film...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001695
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... to the aluminum clad and the fuel core of spent fuel are presented in the next four sections. Oxide Films on Aluminum Aluminum Corrosion Mechanisms Uranium Metal Corrosion Uranium-Aluminum Alloy Fuel Two nested Mark 31A slugs were removed in 1995 from underwater storage in L-basin and brought...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001570
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... film on the surface. Titanium retains the corrosion resistance as long as there is moisture or a trace of oxygen to keep the oxide film intact 6 . The oxide film on titanium reduces the penetration of hydrogen and thus the absorption of hydrogen by titanium at room temperature. Nevertheless...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001327
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... temperature and pulled apart in such a way that the fracture surface was undamaged. Multiple initiation sites were revealed. The cracks were typically half-moon shaped and covered with a tight, black adherent oxide film. The fracture surfaces were electrolytically cleaned and then visually examined. Two...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c0045911
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
.... The fracture surfaces were discolored, apparently by the formation of oxide films after the cracks had been generated. The color of these films varied from blue to brown, which was probably due to variations in thickness. In most areas, however, the film thickness was not sufficient to obscure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0047621
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... (region C). The external repair weld (region D) had only partial fusion with the earlier bead. The arrow shows a film of oxide slag at the interface. Etched with 2% chromic acid plus HCl. 10x Investigation Conclusions Recommendation Acknowledgments Selected Reference Selected Reference...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001171
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... . Examples of steels satisfying these conditions are the types AISI 321 and 347, the alloy 20 (high-nickel stainless steel) and the alloy Ni-Fe-Cr 825 4 , 17 . The austenitic stainless steels are reported to derive their corrosion resistance from a passive oxide film, which forms on their surface...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... degrees. Generally, it lowers the threshold stress for fatigue. It may act to roughen the surface of a part producing localized stress intensification and significantly lower the overall stress necessary for fatigue to occur. Rupture and reformation of protective oxide films may also act as a stress riser...