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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... coatings, thermal barrier coatings, and ceramic coatings. aluminide coatings carburization ceramic coatings chloridation corrosion fatigue high temperature corrosion hot corrosion hydrogen interaction metal dusting molten metals molten salts overlay coatings oxidation protective coatings...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... as compared to traditional ceramics). For the present purpose, technical ceramics are defined as fine-grain (as opposed to coarse) ceramics made of high-purity powders, oxides, and/or non oxides (same as for refractories), with very little batch-to-batch variability and as little as possible liquid-solid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...Suggested maximum operating temperatures for select alloys in continuous, isothermal oxidizing atmospheres without excessive scaling Table 1 Suggested maximum operating temperatures for select alloys in continuous, isothermal oxidizing atmospheres without excessive scaling Alloy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and Nanoindentation Methods Ceramics are inorganic compounds, such as oxides, carbides, nitrides, borides, and mixed ceramics, and are usually produced by sintering. The often-extreme hardness, brittleness, porosity, and chemical resistance of ceramic materials lead to a number of difficulties when preparing...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... electron microscopy (TEM) Polymer morphology X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) Elemental concentrations, oxidation states Auger electron spectroscopy (AES) Elemental concentrations Wavelength dispersive x-ray analysis Elements present on polymer surfaces Source: Ref 6 Ceramics...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003565
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article discusses the generic features of impact wear on metals, ceramics, and polymers. It describes normal impact wear and compound impact wear, as well as the features of impact wear testing apparatus such as ballistic impact wear apparatus and pivotal hammer impact...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001391
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
..., and manganese oxide are various glass formers and metal oxides used in forming a ceramic-to-metal bond on chip components, most likely the top land termination. The silver component may have been the metallic portion of the metallization, which enabled subsequent electro deposition of the nickel barrier...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006824
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... of a protective coating (refer to Example 11 in this article). Oxidation rates of cooled turbine components can also be reduced through the use of thermal barrier (ceramic) coatings (TBCs), which lower the underlying metal temperature. While the ceramic layer does not react with the hot gases, it is permeable...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... as straight runs remain intact. Two types of porcelain enamel coatings are ground-coat and cover-coat enamels. Ground-coat enamels contain oxides that promote the adherence of the coating to the substrate. Cover-coat enamels are applied to improve appearance. Chemical-setting ceramic linings are widely...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... In air, the reaction is usually oxidation. Fretting wear occurs in tribosystems such as metal versus plastic, where oxidation of nascent surfaces does not usually occur. Abrasive wear by hard particles occurs when one body, in general, a ceramic-like substance, is much harder than the counterface...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... situations, the bodies tend to be large and contact in a well-defined location in a controlled way, unlike erosion where the eroding particles are small and interact randomly with the target surface. This article describes some generic features and modes of impact wear of metals, ceramics, and polymers...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... coatings) are often used to protect metallic surfaces from wear and corrosive wear ( Ref 69 , 70 ). Hard composite-oxide coatings, nitride coatings and multilayered ceramic coatings such as TiC-TiN ( Ref 67 ), are effective in protecting metallic components from wear, corrosion, and corrosive wear due...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001516
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... in disk drives consists of a metal, glass, ceramic, or plastic substrate coated with a magnetic material. Data errors are classified as ‘soft’ or ‘hard’ depending on their correctability. Examination has shown that hard errors are the result of an abrasive wear process that begins with contact between...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... resistance against erosive wear and can be mainly used at lowest velocities ( Ref 87 ). Elastomers usually have low erosion rates at low velocities and/or high impact angles. Ceramics are preferable for conditions where high erosion resistance is required and additional corrosive and oxidative effects occur...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... metal oxide and covered on the back surfaces with an adherent black polyethylene plastic. Macro fractography, SEM fractography, EDX analysis, and photo elasticimetry were conducted on four of the shattered panels. Small nickel sulfide inclusions were found at the failure origins. Failure of the panels...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of wear. Thus, adhesive wear may sometimes be identified by excluding other forms of wear. For example, adhesive wear may be likely if no abrasive particles are identified, if the sliding motion is greater than that of fretting, or if corrosion reduction or oxidation do not occur. Finally, the other three...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of wear. Thus, adhesive wear may sometimes be identified by excluding other forms of wear. For example, adhesive wear may be likely if no abrasive particles are identified, if the sliding motion is greater than that of fretting, or if corrosion reduction or oxidation do not occur. Finally, the other three...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001489
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... (Mn, Cr, Fe)S inclusions were present along with spinels. The nondeformable, rigid oxide particles are considered more undesirable than the sulfides as far as fatigue life of the component is concerned. It has been reported that the presence of sulfides may eliminate the stresses due to oxides...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0091362
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... that caused this weld corrosion failure. Discussions with the vendor uncovered two discrepancies. First, the welder was using a large, 19 mm (0.75 in.) ID ceramic nozzle with a gas lens but was flowing only 19 L/min (40 ft 3 /h) of argon; this was the flow rate previously used with a 13 mm (0.5 in.) ID gas...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003568
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... Corrosion may increase or decrease the apparent erosion rate, depending on the rate of oxide or other corrosion product formation and the resistance of the product to erosion as compared to the normal surface material ( Ref 69 , 81 ). If the corrosion product is slow growing and more erosion resistant than...