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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001848
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... included visual and macroscopic inspection, metallographic and chemical analysis, SEM imaging, optical profilometry, mechanical property testing, and EDX analysis. The die was made of chromium hot-work tool steel and the forgings were made of CuZn39Pb3 heated to an initial working temperature 700 deg C...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... and a confirmation of the vent header's mechanical/chemical and impact properties. The test methods used in this analysis were: Visual/Photography Optical Microscopy/Metallography Chemical Analysis/Tensile/Hardness Testing Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM)/ Impact Testing One of the three...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... housing assembly revealed tensile properties well below the allowable design values. Radiology and CT evaluations revealed no casting defects. Optical microscopy revealed porosity uniformly distributed throughout the casting on the order of 0.1 mm pore diam. Scanning electron microscopy revealed elongated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001781
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract A commercial hybrid-iron golf club fractured during normal use. The club fractured through its cast aluminum alloy hosel. Optical analysis revealed casting pores through 20% of the hosel thickness. Mechanical properties were determined from characterization results, then used...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001839
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... of the cracks to examine the possibility of sensitization. Visual Examination Chemical Composition Tensile Properties Fractography Optical and Scanning Electron Microscopy As discussed previously, the incidence of catastrophic cracking of low nickel stainless steel coils could...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001530
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... measurement. The worn surfaces of samples and the wear debris were examined by light optical microscope, SEM, and energy-dispersive x-ray microanalyzer. It was found that the laboratory pin-on-disk wear data correlated well with the plant experience. It is suggested that the higher lead content ~18...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... can be considered adequate properties for this kind of application. In the present study, two cases of failure of components made of stainless steel were analyzed. In the first case, the failure of a centrifugal pump shaft fabricated in duplex stainless steel based on observation using optical...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... ( 2007 ) 10.1016/j.msea.2007.02.094 5. Wellin Y. , Liang F. , Zhanguaga F. , Kun S. , Yunhua X. : Effect of surface nanocrystallization on abrasive wear properties in Hadfield steel . Tribol. Int. 42 ( 5 ), 634 – 641 ( 2009 ) 10.1016/j.triboint.2008.08.012 6...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001302
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... carefully controlled, especially with respect to the accuracy of the optical pyrometer temperature readout. Also, procedures must be developed such that forging blanks that trigger the over-temperature alarm are reliably and permanently removed from the production line. Crack propagation Forging...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001535
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... Limited. Microstructural issues influencing roll quality, such as characteristics of carbides, tempered martensite, retained austenite, etc., have been extensively studied through optical and scanning electron microscopy, electron-probe microanalysis, image analysis, and x-ray diffractometry...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... direction through the origin on the ends of four broken spring samples Surface Examination Metallography Chemical Analysis/Identification Mechanical Properties Stress Analysis Fractography clearly established failure by fatigue as a result of the high loads caused by improper design...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001533
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... as an object for the investigation ( Table 1 ). To study the destroyed specimens of sliding bearing bushes, optical and scanning electron microscopy methods were used (Neofot 32 (Carl Zeiss Jena Gmbh, Germany) and JSM 840, (JEOL Corp., Tokyo, Japan) respectively). Mechanical tests, of the specimens were...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001804
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract A stainless steel screw securing an orthopedic implant fractured and was analyzed to determine the cause. Investigators used optical and scanning electron microscopy to examine the fracture surfaces and the microstructure of the austenitic stainless steel from which the screw...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... The chemical composition of the sand-cast component was identified via optical emission spectroscopy and is comparable to an aluminum sand-cast alloy, AA 712.0. Metallographic evaluation via optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy revealed a high degree of porosity in the microstructure as well...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001645
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... confirmed that the brittle oxides that formed stringers were alumina, and the other macroinclusions were complex silicates. Both the alumina and silicate inclusions were deleterious to contact-fatigue properties. Microstructurally, the carburized regions of the broken roller and of inner-race samples...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001770
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... The cracks were subsequently welded over with 308 stainless steel filler wire and the base plate was replaced with new material. Soon after, the tank began leaking along the weld bead, triggering a full-scale investigation; spectroscopy, optical and scanning electron microscopy, fractography, SEM-EDS...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001289
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Metallography Chemical Analysis Mechanical Properties SEM fractography clearly established that the random occurrence of tiny cracks was caused by hydrogen embrittlement. This finding was also supported by the presence of a high hydrogen content in the material prior to heat treatment. Initially...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001684
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
.... Metals Handbook , 10th ed. , Vol. 2 . Properties and Selection:Nonferrous Alloys and Special-Purpose Materials , ASM International , Materials Park, Ohio , 1990 . 6. Metals Handbook , 9th ed. , Vol. 13 Corrosion , p. 614 , ASM International , Metals Park, Ohio , 1987 . 7. Brooks...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001371
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
.... Surface Examination Metallography Chemical Analysis/Identification Mechanical Properties The 190 mm (7 1 2 in.) outside diameter vertical shaft operated at 2550 hp in a temperature range of 15 to 35°C (60 to 95°F), not exceeding a maximum temperature of 40°C (100°F). Initial...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... on surfaces that contacted the bushing and areas at the machined radius where the cadmium coating had been damaged, which allowed corrosion pitting to occur. Optical microscopy showed that the crack origin was located at the machined radius within a region that was severely pitted. Electron microscopy...