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operating hazards analysis

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003505
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... modes, effects, and criticality analysis (FMECA); fault-tree analysis (FTA); fault hazard analysis (FHA); operating hazard analysis (OHA); use of codes, standards, and various regulatory acts; and the Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA). These are discussed in the article “Safety in Design...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627081801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... life (number of cycles) solution NACE National Association of Corrosion En- gineers NDE nondestructive evaluation NDI nondestructive inspection NDT nondestructive testing NDTT nil ductility transition temperature OD outside diameter OEM original equipment manufacturer OHA operating hazard analysis OSHA...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001584
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... nitrate solution to backflow into the sparger and remain trapped there. We believe that every ammonium nitrate producer who operates a large neutralizer similar to that at Terra/Port Neal, with titanium nitric acid spargers, should conduct a detailed process hazards analysis of this specific equipment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... be incorporated into the design. An expert may be asked to explain why a certain decision by the manufacturer was or was not appropriate. He or she may also be asked to explain whether and to what extent the hazard analysis procedure followed by the manufacturer was appropriate. With respect to any hazards...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... be considered throughout the design process, not just at the end. Specific guidelines for safety should be addressed during the embodiment design, such as the safety hierarchy ( Ref 8 ). Techniques such as safe-life design, fail-safe design, redundant design, and hazard analysis ( Ref 3 , 7 ) must...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0046378
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Abstract River water was pumped into a brine plant by a battery of vertical pumps, each operating at 3600 rpm and at a discharge pressure of 827 kPa (120 psi). The pumps were lubricated by means of controlled leakage. The 3.8 cm (1 in.) OD pump sleeves were made of an austenitic stainless steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... susceptibility to brittle fracture. A change in process operating conditions increases the possibility of low metal temperatures. The equipment is being refurbished, repurposed, repaired, or altered. A process hazard assessment or hazard and operability analysis indicates the possibility of process...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003503
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of the analysis. Overview of FMEA As the name suggests, FMEA is a procedure that examines each item in a system, considers how that item can fail, and then determines how that failure will affect the operation of the system. It is a structured, logical, and systematic analysis. Identifying possible...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003502
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...-life design, fail-safe design, redundant design, and hazard analysis ( Ref 4 , 5 ) must be considered as integral parts of the product development, and not simply as “add-ons” at the end of the project. Safety considerations and hazard analysis in design are discussed further in the articles “Safety...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c9001138
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
... analysis, etc., Conduct appropriate tests, Conduct a safety analysis, including reasonably foreseeable use and misuse of equipment, Be aware of and take full account of applicable codes and standards, Prepare users and maintenance manuals carefully, and in detail, and Warn against hazards...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006800
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... be catastrophic. These methods include failure mode and effects analysis, failure mode effect and criticality analysis, fault tree analysis, and fault hazard analysis. These formalized methodologies use systematic evaluation and sophisticated computer programs to predict failure in complicated designs and can...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... include failure mode and effects analysis, failure mode, effect, and criticality analysis, fault tree analysis, and fault hazard analysis. These formalized methodologies use systematic evaluation and sophisticated computer programs to predict failure in complicated designs and can be an invaluable aid...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... a safety analysis, including reasonably foreseeable use and misuse of equipment, Be aware of and take full account of applicable codes and standards, Prepare users and maintenance manuals carefully, and in detail, and Warn against hazards as appropriate. Selected References Selected...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001713
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... factors contributing to the accident were identified by the EPA and OSHA. In an effort to avoid other accidents with these chemicals, below we summarize three of the root causes given in the EPA/OSHA report as contributing to the accident. An inadequate hazards analysis was conducted...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001821
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... – 236 10.1016/0304-3894(90)85080-M . 7. Pietersen C.M. : “ Analysis of the LPG Disaster in Mexico City ,” J. Hazard. Mater. , 1988 , 20 , pp. 85 – 107 10.1016/0304-3894(88)87008-0 . 8. Pearson H.S. and Dooman R.G. : Fracture Analysis of Propane Tank Explosion , Case...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Throttling of valve by the operator outside of the design parameters Flow gages and records Operator logs Low-strength copper nickel alloy construction Material specifications Laboratory analysis Flow-induced cavitation Rumbling noise in system Vibration of system Failure mechanism Erosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... presented. degradation mechanisms failure analysis hydrogen cracking pipeline flaws steel transmission pipelines HAZARDOUS MATERIALS, such as liquid petroleum products and natural gas, are typically transported via truck, rail, sea, and/or pipeline. Of these different transportation modes...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001514
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... prevented the cab from being crushed. Again, the driver's injuries were exacerbated by the “secondary” failure of the welds. Conclusion In both case histories described, the nominal operating stress on the weldments was relatively low. Furthermore, faulty welds did not seem to present a severe hazard...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... and during transients. Verifying whether failures occurred because of, or during, off-normal conditions is an important part of the analysis. Cyclic operation greatly affects the life of pressure boundaries. Intermittent operation can result from normal demand schedules or from operation during peak...