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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0090436
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
...Abstract Abstract Molded plastic couplings used in an industrial application exhibited abnormally brittle properties, as compared to previously produced components. The couplings were specified to be molded from a custom-compounded glass-filled nylon 6/12 resin. An inspection of the molding...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0090466
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... of the first lot of production parts. The mechanical hinges were specified to be injection molded from an impact-modified, 13% glass-fiber-reinforced nylon 6/6 resin. Investigation of samples representing the failed components and the original prototype parts included visual inspection, 118x SEM images, micro...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0090460
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... been injection molded from a 30% glass-fiber and mineral-reinforced nylon 12 resin. Investigation, including visual inspection, 118x SEM images, 9x micrographs, energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy, micro-FTIR in the ATR mode, and TGA, supported the conclusion that the filter component failed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0092102
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract A nylon oil-lubricated driving gear showed pitting upon visual inspection. The pitting produced numerous surface microcracks. Further investigation (visual inspection and 37x images) supported the conclusion that failure occurred in association with large-scale fragmentation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0090433
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
.... Parts representing an older lot, which exhibited satisfactory performance properties, were also available for reference purposes. The clips were specified to be injection molded from an impact-modified grade of nylon 6/6. However, the part drawing did not indicate a specific resin. Investigation...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003571
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... In this classification, wear study is separated as elastomers, thermosets, glassy thermoplastics, and semicrystalline thermoplastics. The article describes the effects of environment and lubricant on the wear failures of polymers. It presents a case study on nylon as a tribological material. The article explains...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c0090448
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
...Abstract Abstract Housings (being tested as part of a material conversion) from an electrical appliance failed during an engineering evaluation. They had been injection molded from a commercial polycarbonate/PET blend. Parts produced from the previous material, a nylon 6/6 resin, had...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0092101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract An antifriction bearing made from a nylon/ polyethylene blend failed. The bearing came into contact with a steel shaft. Investigation (visual inspection and 417X images) supported the conclusion that movement of the shaft against the bearing caused abrasion due to fine iron...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003525
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., exhibiting an endothermic transition characteristic of the melting of a nylon 6/6 resin. The results also showed a second melting transition attributed to a hydrocarbon-based impact modifier. Fig. 20 The DSC thermogram representing a molding resin pellet that had produced brittle parts...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003550
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... For example, nylon plastics will absorb moisture from the air. An extremely dry nylon may be rather brittle, while that same nylon exposed to 50% relative humidity for several days can be quite tough. However, the short-term tensile strength and modulus of the hydrated nylon will be somewhat reduced...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001733
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... processing machine. The spindle at the left reversed direction by 90 deg every 4 s due to the action of nylon-covered drive cable which transmitted forces from the rotating head assembly over 0.75 in. diam guide pulleys. These drive cables were made by stranding together 49 “aircraft quality” steel filaments...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... slide on one another, the coefficient of friction depends mainly on shear strength, yield strength, and hardness of the materials [ 1 ]. Good toughness and hardness of the tool steel is needed to crimp the nylon caps. However, the aluminum bronze bushing which normally has good wear properties has yield...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003541
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... Craze fibrils are load-bearing elements whose strength and density depend to some extent on the molecular weight of the polymer. Because the fibrils are load-bearing, the microcrack usually does not open substantially before parallel microcracks form. Fiber-forming plastics such as nylon...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001486
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
.... Sprayed metals or the use of a ceramic coating based on alumina, applied by flame-spraying, have also been recommended. Other workers favour a resilient coating, such as nylon, but with materials of this type it may be difficult to effect a satisfactory bond and the attendant effect on heat conductivity...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the more precisely they will be made and the more likely there will be a support (lubrication) system to ensure long life and to prevent catastrophic failure. The lowest cost bearings are bushings of molded polymers (plastics) in which steel shafts rotate. The lowest cost polymers are the nylons...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006755
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... bags, 4 × 4 in. Sample collection Swabs Sample collection—always keep one for control sample. Nylon, cotton, etc. Alloy reference list Materials, compositions, specifications, data Hardness conversion charts Martensitic, austenitic, etc. charts Addresses and phone numbers Assistance...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... in the platen surface during use). In contemporary preparation methods, one or more steps using diamond abrasives on napless surfaces usually follow planar grinding. Pressure-sensitive-adhesive-backed silk, nylon, or polyester cloths are widely used. These give good cutting rates, maintain flatness...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1