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numerical simulation

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001766
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... Post-failure analysis revealed that the fracture was precipitated by a preexisting weld-related crack. Closed form and numerical stress analyses were also conducted, with the results indicating that the anchor was installed properly within the parameters intended by the manufacturer. mooring...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001400
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Abstract Following the discovery numerous cracks at many of the welded seams of a mild steel CO2 absorber vessel, a sample for examination was removed from the worst affected area where repairs had been effected. A 12 in. long circumferential crack was visible. Specimens were taken to cover the...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003566
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... macrostructure and microstructure of spall cavities are described, along with some aspects of the numerous specifications for striking/struck tools. The article also describes the availability of spall-resistant metals and the safety aspects of striking/struck tools in railway applications. fractography...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract High temperature corrosion may occur in numerous environments and is affected by factors such as temperature, alloy or protective coating composition, time, and gas composition. This article explains a number of potential degradation processes, namely, oxidation, carburization and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract High-temperature corrosion can occur in numerous environments and is affected by various parameters such as temperature, alloy and protective coating compositions, stress, time, and gas composition. This article discusses the primary mechanisms of high-temperature corrosion, namely...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... conditions commonly associated with the development of SCC, although not all, and numerous case studies. engineering alloys metallic components SCC mitigation stress-corrosion cracking CORROSION is the deterioration of a material due to its environment. Although corrosion is often thought of as...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... Abstract One main undercarriage axle made of high strength alloy steel was subjected to simulated fatigue test for 6000 h of service. After only 300 h it broke in two along the sharp radius. The fracture revealed a coarse, irregular, and brittle surface before final fracture by thick angular...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001663
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... Abstract Personnel responsible for laboratory protection at some plants are required to participate in exercises simulating a breach of security at the site. This document reports a metallurgical investigation of blank firing adapters (BFA), one of which exploded during such a training exercise...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... various axle studies, with illustrations and concludes with information on the simulation of the LME mechanism. friction-bearing failure liquid-metal embrittlement locomotive axles overheated traction-motor support bearings overheating steel FAILURES OF LOCOMOTIVE AXLES caused by...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006767
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... elastic fracture mechanics analysis, with some mention of elastic-plastic fracture mechanics analysis. The article describes the probabilistic aspects of fatigue and fracture. Information on crack-growth simulation of the material is also provided. crack-growth simulation elastic-plastic fracture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001703
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... fractographic examinations. Simulations were also performed on stressed material in a suitable environment to assess the relative importance of postulated failure mechanisms. Factors contributing to this failure including assembly procedures and applied preloads, service loading and environment, and material...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... analysis, metallographic analysis, and simulated-service tests. It provides case studies for the analysis of SCC service failures and their occurrence in steels, stainless steels, and commercial alloys of aluminum, copper, magnesium, and titanium. aluminum alloys austenitic stainless steel carbon...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006796
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Fluid/Solid Coupled Simulation , Eighth Int. Conf. Flow Dynamics , 2011 , p 402 – 403 12. Li R. , Ninokata H. , and Mori M. , A Numerical Study of Impact Force Caused by Liquid Droplet Impingement onto a Rigid Wall , Prog. Nucl. Energy , Vol 53 , 2011 , p 881 – 885 10.1016...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... these damage models requires the determination of existing load conditions in the potential fatigue location of the die, reliable fatigue data at required process conditions, and the accuracy and reliability of numerical values obtained from simulation [ 6 ]. The numerical simulation of...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001797
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... between crack size and stiffness, showing that cracks have an amplitude modulating effect. cam fracture rolling-contact fatigue steel crack numerical simulation stiffness steel (steel, general) References 1. Giordana F. , Rognoni V. , Ruggieri G...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003523
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... following are some of the more common types of accident reconstruction: Motor vehicle Aircraft Structural Electrical Industrial Mechanical Construction Fire investigations Numerous references are available to aid the personnel responsible for the reconstruction. “The Traffic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006772
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... Some of the more common types of accident reconstructions include: Motor vehicle Aircraft Rail Boating Structural Electrical Industrial Mechanical Construction Fire investigations Numerous references are available to aid the personnel responsible for the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... E. , Galling Mechanisms in Sheet Forming Operations , Wear , Vol 179 , 1994 , p 123 – 128 10.1016/0043-1648(94)90229-1 69. Heinrichs J. and Jacobson S. , Laboratory Test Simulation of Aluminium Cold Forming—Influence from PVD Tool Coatings on the Tendency to Galling...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... produce a pressure of several hundred MPa, sufficient to damage most common materials ( Ref 1 ). Fig. 1 Numerical simulation of a bubble collapse near a solid surface showing evolution of the bubble during collapse The cavitation process has the following four characteristics: High...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003503
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... have been developed to help the engineer with other aspects of the FMEA analysis. In the later design stages, when detailed specifications are available, numerical simulation programs enable the designer to study the behavior and operational parameters of a system or subsystem. Simulation allows the...