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nondestructive testing

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Nondestructive testing (NDT), also known as nondestructive evaluation (NDE), includes various techniques to characterize materials without damage. This article focuses on the typical NDE techniques that may be considered when conducting a failure investigation. The article begins...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c0091594
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
..., and the leaks were clamped. A year later, 15 additional leaks were discovered, again at pipe-to-elbow welds in lean amine lines. Further nondestructive testing located other cracks, giving a total of 35. These lines had been in service for approximately eight years. Investigation (visual inspection, hardness...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... the positions at which the values are measured Abstract A deformed steel tube was received for failure analysis after buckling during a heat-treat operation. The tube was subjected to various metallurgical tests as well as nondestructive testing to confirm the presence of residual stresses...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
.... It was determined that the gusset plates failed in the heat-affected zone via an intergranular microcracking mode due to hydrogen-assisted underbead and toe-weld cracking. Proper nondestructive testing techniques for magnetic particle and radiographic inspection of the plate-weld gusset areas were recommended...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
.... Longitudinal seams in the same vessel, which had been stress relieved in a furnace, showed no tendency toward cracking. The solution passing through the vessel contained CO2-CO-H20, KHCO, and Cl− ions. Nondestructive testing revealed that the cracks originated in the heat-affected zone and propagated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001022
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract Two complete aircraft undercarriage-leg 2014 aluminum alloy forgings and a number of sectional ends that exhibited cracks during nondestructive testing were examined to determine the extent of damage and the type of cracking. Cracks were primarily confined to the diaphragm...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0047856
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... vendors were notified about the excess size of the nonmetallic inclusions in the master connecting rods and a nondestructive-testing procedure for detection of large nonmetallic inclusions was established. Inspection Magnetic particle testing Radiography Stress concentration AMS 6412 4337 UNS...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001635
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... hydraulic hoses), the wire reinforcing strands were a medium-carbon steel in the cold drawn condition. Radiographic nondestructive testing (NDT) was recommended to determine when a hydraulic hose should be replaced. Hydraulic hoses Wire reinforcement Carbon steel Ductile fracture Crevice corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... The pipeline was constructed from spiral-welded API 5L-X65 HSLA steel and was intended for seawater injection. Analysis included nondestructive testing, metallography, and scanning electron microscopy. Based on the results, the failure was attributed to transit fatigue, caused during highway transportation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... inspection, nondestructive testing, energy dispersive x-ray analysis, and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. The tube was made from SA 210A1 carbon steel that had been compromised by wall thinning and the accumulation of fire and water-side scale deposits. Investigators determined that the tube...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... as a result of an oxide seam in the original material rather than from oxide from heat treating. Nondestructive testing prior to machining and heat treatment was recommended. Cracking (fracturing) Quenching (cooling) Resulfurized steels 4150 UNS G41500 (Other, general, or unspecified) fracture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001354
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Abstract An A-470 steel rotor disk was removed from the high-pressure portion of a steam turbine-powered compressor after nondestructive testing revealed cracks in the shoulder of the disk during a scheduled outage. Samples containing cracks were examined using various methods. Multiple cracks...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003515
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... damage tolerant approach engine components fracture mechanics life assessment nondestructive evaluation probabilistic life management probability of detection probability of false alarm NONDESTRUCTIVE TESTING (NDT) and nondestructive evaluation (NDE) involve the use of noninvasive measurement...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0006406
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... SCC. Electron microscopy Flanges Inspection Nondestructive testing Scanning electron microscopy Stresses Striations Xray analysis 7079 UNS A97079 Fatigue fracture Stress-corrosion cracking Intergranular fracture A crack ( Fig. 1 ) was found in an aircraft main wing spar flange...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0006448
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... to ensure that a source of hydrogen is not introduced during the plating operation. Electroplating Martensitic stainless steels Nondestructive testing 440C UNS S44004 Stress-corrosion cracking Pitting corrosion Hydrogen damage and embrittlement Three wing flap hinge bearings were received...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0048626
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... that the bolts that did not fail were stressed less than the specified torque level when attached to the assembly. Investigation It was assumed that the bolts had not been given a baking treatment for removal of hydrogen. Because there is no nondestructive test that will confirm such an assumption, two...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0089563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... lever. Aircraft components Casting defects Castings Cold shuts Fuel control lever Nondestructive testing 410 UNS J91150 Casting-related failures The lever shown in Fig. 1 was a component of the main fuel-control linkage of an aircraft engine. After a service life of less than 50 h...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001520
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... detected by nondestructive testing, but a leak developed during the testing of a part. Magnetic particle inspection then showed numerous other cracks in the vicinity of the leak. For cylinders of both types, crack surfaces were exposed by applying a bending stress in the circumferential direction...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001669
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Cracking in the superheater outlet header associated with the longitudinal weld seam. Fig. 2 Schematic diagram of Shawville 3 SH outlet header, with boat sample locations indicated. Various nondestructive tests were undertaken to assess the extent of detectable damage to the header...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001378
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... examination of both stud bolts showed evidence of severe hammer blows to the clevis and boss areas. The stud bolts were not fully screwed into the die, leaving a gap between the die and the underside of the boss. Testing Procedure and Results Nondestructive Evaluation Magnetic particle inspection...