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nondestructive evaluation

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003515
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article provides information on life assessment strategies and conceptually illustrates the interplay of nondestructive evaluation (NDE) and fracture mechanics in the damage tolerant approach. It presents information on probability of detection (POD) and probability...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006758
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...Abstract Abstract The goal of using nondestructive evaluation (NDE) in conjunction with failure analysis is to obtain the most comprehensive set of data in order to characterize the details of the damage and determine the factors that allowed the damage to occur. The NDE results can be used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...Overview of various nondestructive evaluation methods and categories of tests (not comprehensive) Table 1 Overview of various nondestructive evaluation methods and categories of tests (not comprehensive) Method Principle of operation Application Limitations Advantages...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract A failure analysis investigation was conducted on a fractured aluminum tailwheel fork which failed moments after the landing of a privately owned, 1955 twin-engine airplane. Nondestructive evaluation via dye-penetrant inspection revealed no discernible surface cracks...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001605
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... found at the tips of the cracks were evaluated using electron micrograph stereo image pairs to characterize local fracture toughness. To complete the failure analysis, nondestructive evaluation, metallographic examination, and chemical investigations were carried out. No secondary cracks could be found...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001083
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... alternatives to prevent future failures were recommended: changing the impeller composition to a cast stainless steel, or implementing stricter nondestructive evaluation requirements for copper alloy castings. Boilers Sulfide attack C83600 UNS C83600 Intergranular corrosion Casting-related failures...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001594
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Utilities Electric Company (TU Electric) has implemented in response to these failures. High-cycle fatigue is invisible to proven commercial nondestructive evaluation (NDE) methods during crack initiation and the initial phases of crack growth. Under a constant applied stress, cracks grow at accelerating...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001527
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... appearances in-between. However, wires are often mechanically damaged after failure. Most nondestructive evaluation (NDE) techniques are not applicable to wire rope failures. Electron microscope fractography of fracture surfaces is essential in failure analysis. Fatigue is the most important fracture mode...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0089256
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... was established to be the preexisting forging lap while the bright area was created during the breaking-open process. As a corrective action all forgings showing laps were recommended to be removed from service. Critical review and revision of the forging process and revisions to the nondestructive evaluation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0089793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
...Abstract Abstract During the final shop welding of a large armature for a direct-current motor (4475 kW, or 6000 hp), a loud bang was heard, and the welding operation stopped. When the weld was cold, nondestructive evaluation revealed a large crack adjacent to the root weld. Investigation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001332
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Nondestructive Evaluation The flange was ultrasonically tested from the outside diameter. The indications were rather puzzling, because the reflections were consistently from a cylindrical surface about 95 mm (3.75 in.) from the OD. Dry magnetic particle examination confirmed that the cracks extended more...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... analyzed failures, studied the parts, simulated the process, tested mechanical properties, and made nondestructive evaluations and metallurgical examinations. Mechanical tests on both thick and thin sections of the forward housing assembly revealed that the tensile properties were well below the allowable...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001661
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...Abstract Abstract An evaluation of indications in the main turbine building column horizontal plate welds was conducted by the joint efforts of field metallography and nondestructive examinations. The turbine building main column horizontal plate welds were selected at random and were inspected...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0048498
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... and trailing edges of the compression-loading skin panel were revealed by nondestructive visual examination. A band of de-lamination between the areas of through-thickness skin fracture at the front and rear spar was revealed. A map of the local directions of crack propagation over the fracture surface...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0090994
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... at the crack sites. Recommendations included evaluating the manufacturing steps to identify the process(es) wherein the cracking was likely occurring. It was further recommended that a suitable nondestructive method such as magnetic particle inspection be implemented. Phosphating (coating) Tension...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001499
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
...Abstract Abstract Three spur gears made from 8622 Ni-Cr-Mo alloy steel formed a straight-line train in a speed reducer on a rail-mounted overslung lumber carrier. The gears were submitted for nondestructive examination and evaluation, with no accompanying information or report. Two teeth on one...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0091009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
...Abstract Abstract A thick-walled tube that was weld fabricated for use as a pressure vessel exhibited cracks. Similar cracking was apparent at the weld toes after postweld stress relief or quench-and-temper heat treatment. The cracks were not detectable by nondestructive examination after...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003512
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article provides an overview of the structural design process and discusses the life-limiting factors, including material defects, fabrication practices, and stress. It details the role of a failure investigator in performing nondestructive inspection. The article...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... was severely damaged in places. Fig. 1 Cracked main rotor yoke from military helicopter. Arrow indicates the crack. ∼0.02×. Testing Procedure and Results Nondestructive Evaluation To permit the continued safe operation of RAAF Iroquois helicopters, it was considered necessary to introduce...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... no sensitization of the stainless steel in the suspected fire-damaged areas. Small OD surface pits were noticed in several areas just above the insulation support rings. Testing Procedure and Results Nondestructive Evaluation After a visual surface examination showed pitting above the insulation support...