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non-ferrous materials

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Cycle Fatigue Properties Ferrous and Non-Ferrous Materials—SAE J1099 Jun98 ,” SAE Information Report, Materials, Fuels, Emissions, and Noise , vol. 1 , Society of Automotive Engineers’ Handbook , Society of Automotive Engineers , Warrendale, PA , 1999 . 4. Fuchs H.O. : Metal Fatigue...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001396
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... in examples from practice. The reproduction in the laboratory of both of the more enigmatic aspects of on-load corrosion—the formation of non-protective, laminated magnetite and the decarburisation of the underlying material—represented a significant step forward, since it is only when the causative...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001760
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Metals Handbook ( 1990 ) 5. Failure Analysis and Prevention , vol. 11 . ASM Metals Handbook ( 1990 ) 6. Porosity Classification and Requirements for Casting Parts , Standard No. IK-150-11-1-0010 ( 2006 ) 7. Volume Defects of Castings made from Non-ferrous Metal , Standard No. IK-150-11...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001684
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... C. R. , Heat Treatment, Structure and Properties of Non-Ferrous Alloys , American Society for Metals , Metals Park, Ohio , 1982 . 8. Jones D. A. , Principles and Prevention of Corrosion , Macmillan Publishing Company , New York , 1992 . 9. Steigerwald R...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001824
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... of these pumps can be made from different materials, namely, ferrous and non-ferrous alloys. This depends on the working environment and its content of CO 2 , H 2 S, water salinity, temperature, pressure, etc. [ 1 , 2 ]. However, when H 2 S is present in the environment special alloys need to be selected per...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001455
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... in exfoliation of the surface layers, to give the effect seen. Fig. 4 Section showing mode of attack. This form of corrosion was reported by Robertson in 1946 1 and has been studied at the Fulmer Research Institute and The British Non-Ferrous Metals Research Association, and a number of papers...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... be applied during a given stress cycle without eventually producing failure; it is applicable only in the case of steels, there being no limiting value for the non-ferrous metals, i.e. in theory, fatigue fail-ire will occur ultimately in such metals if any stress is applied for a sufficient number of times...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001516
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... affected by any shock or vibration. On the other hand the Bernoulli drive can tolerate an operational shock up to 10 G and non-operational shock up to 40 G. The only effect of shocks on Bernoulli interface is a momentary disruption of head disk interface with the disk separating away from the head without...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... blanketing that concentrated the phosphate salts resulting in alkaline attack. The powdery non-adherent magnetite deposit on the tube internals as well as its alkaline characteristics indicate that too severe an alkaline conditions developed most probably due to the decomposition of trisodium phosphate...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... fallen off because of the accelerated corrosion of the iron nails. Galvanic corrosion can be avoided by using the same metal for both fastener and structure. Several alternatives exist when this is impractical or impossible: the structure may be painted, the fastener may be isolated by non-conducting...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... the rusted pipe bottom. The XRD pattern for the weld is shown in Fig. 11 , and the pattern for the inner surface non-welded bulk area of the pipe is shown in Fig. 12 . Various iron oxides were identified on the vent weld, including oxy-hydroxides and magnetite (Fe 3 O 4 ). An iron phosphate was also...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006805
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... , Introduction to the Design and Behavior of Bolted Joints: Non-Gasketed Joints , 4th ed. , CRC Press , 2007 10.1201/9780849381874 6. Wulpi D. , Elevated-Temperature Failures, Chap. 14 , Understanding How Components Fail , 3rd ed. , ASM International , 2013 10.31399...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Depolarization , Corrosion , Vol 37 ( No. 11 ), 1981 , p 632 – 637 10.5006/1.3577551 58. Crolet J.-L. and Magot M.F. , Non-SRB Sulfidogenic Bacteria in Oilfield Production Facilities, Mater . Perform. , Vol 35 ( No. 3 ), 1996 , p 80 – 89 59. Lutterbach M.T.S...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001781
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... spectrometer (MAXx LMM04, SPECTRO Analytical Instruments) was used to analyze the elemental breakdown of the alloy. The spectrometer uses the Spark Analyzer Vision Software and is well suited for applications like die cast or injection molding and for standard requirements in steel or non-ferrous foundries...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article focuses on the general root causes of failure attributed to the casting process, casting material, and design with examples. The casting processes discussed include gravity die casting, pressure die casting, semisolid casting, squeeze casting, and centrifugal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... , 1993 , p 58 – 60 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001303 38. “ Copper Casting Alloys ,” Non-Ferrous Founders’ Society and Copper Development Association , https://www.copper.org/publications/pub_list/pdf/7014.pdf Selected Reference Selected Reference • ASM Specialty Handbook: Aluminum...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article focuses on the mechanisms of microbially induced or influenced corrosion (MIC) of metallic materials as an introduction to the recognition, management, and prevention of microbiological corrosion failures in piping, tanks, heat exchangers, and cooling towers...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003510
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article provides an overview of the effects of various material- and process-related parameters on residual stress, distortion control, cracking, and microstructure/property relationships as they relate to various types of failure. It discusses phase transformations...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003564
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of a spalling non-catastrophic nature, and test loads varied from 4.1 to 5.5 GPa (0.59 to 0.80 × 10 6 psi). The results inferred that silicon nitride tested under various tribological conditions fails in a noncatastrophic spalling mode. Additionally, silicon nitride hybrid bearings were tested, using 12.7 mm...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... growth by fatigue, creep, or environmentally-assisted cracking. Corrosion and wear are another form of progressive material alteration or removal that can lead to failure or obsolescence. This article primarily covers the topic of abrasive wear failures, covering the general classification of wear...