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non-ferrous alloys

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001684
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... C. R. , Heat Treatment, Structure and Properties of Non-Ferrous Alloys , American Society for Metals , Metals Park, Ohio , 1982 . 8. Jones D. A. , Principles and Prevention of Corrosion , Macmillan Publishing Company , New York , 1992 . 9. Steigerwald R...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001824
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...) Introduction Multistage pumps are widely used whenever the enhanced oil reservoir program is implemented. The parts of these pumps can be made from different materials, namely, ferrous and non-ferrous alloys. This depends on the working environment and its content of CO 2 , H 2 S, water salinity...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001396
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... and hydrogen; the field illustrated in Fig. 23 is certainly indicative of such an effect. The photomicrograph Fig. 24 shows the development of voids round non-metallic inclusions. Such voids may have been produced by the pressure exerted by molecular hydrogen formed from combination of hydrogen formed from...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001760
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Classification and Requirements for Casting Parts , Standard No. IK-150-11-1-0010 ( 2006 ) 7. Volume Defects of Castings made from Non-ferrous Metal , Standard No. IK-150-11-1-0011 ( 2006 ) Selected References Selected References • Becker W.T. and Lampman S. , Fracture Appearance...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... : Theory of Machines and Mechanisms , McGraw-Hill Book Company , New York, NY , 1980 , pp. 376 – 80 . 3. “ Technical Report on Low Cycle Fatigue Properties Ferrous and Non-Ferrous Materials—SAE J1099 Jun98 ,” SAE Information Report, Materials, Fuels, Emissions, and Noise , vol. 1 , Society...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001455
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... in exfoliation of the surface layers, to give the effect seen. Fig. 4 Section showing mode of attack. This form of corrosion was reported by Robertson in 1946 1 and has been studied at the Fulmer Research Institute and The British Non-Ferrous Metals Research Association, and a number of papers...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001516
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... affected by any shock or vibration. On the other hand the Bernoulli drive can tolerate an operational shock up to 10 G and non-operational shock up to 40 G. The only effect of shocks on Bernoulli interface is a momentary disruption of head disk interface with the disk separating away from the head without...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... fallen off because of the accelerated corrosion of the iron nails. Galvanic corrosion can be avoided by using the same metal for both fastener and structure. Several alternatives exist when this is impractical or impossible: the structure may be painted, the fastener may be isolated by non-conducting...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... be applied during a given stress cycle without eventually producing failure; it is applicable only in the case of steels, there being no limiting value for the non-ferrous metals, i.e. in theory, fatigue fail-ire will occur ultimately in such metals if any stress is applied for a sufficient number of times...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Depolarization , Corrosion , Vol 37 ( No. 11 ), 1981 , p 632 – 637 10.5006/1.3577551 58. Crolet J.-L. and Magot M.F. , Non-SRB Sulfidogenic Bacteria in Oilfield Production Facilities, Mater . Perform. , Vol 35 ( No. 3 ), 1996 , p 80 – 89 59. Lutterbach M.T.S...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001832
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... pattern for the weld is shown in Fig. 11 , and the pattern for the inner surface non-welded bulk area of the pipe is shown in Fig. 12 . Various iron oxides were identified on the vent weld, including oxy-hydroxides and magnetite (Fe 3 O 4 ). An iron phosphate was also detected. An additional oxide...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001781
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... The spectrometer uses the Spark Analyzer Vision Software and is well suited for applications like die cast or injection molding and for standard requirements in steel or non-ferrous foundries, as well as in multi-matrix applications. Following the spectrometer reading, mechanical compression tests were completed...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... It discusses the degradation of various protective systems, such as corrosion inhibitors and lubricants. The article describes the failure analysis of steel, iron, copper, aluminum, and their alloys. It also discusses the probes available to monitor conditions relevant to MIC in industrial systems...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003510
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... an estimate of volumetric changes as a function of carbon content for different metallurgical transformations ( Ref 3 , 4 ). Atomic volumes of selected microstructural constituents of ferrous alloys Table 1 Atomic volumes of selected microstructural constituents of ferrous alloys Phase Apparent...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... mill, showing placement of the attrition mill wear plates Fig. 12 Effect of microstructure and hardness on the abrasion resistance of steels: high-stress abrasion, alumina abrasive. Source: Ref 7 Fig. 13 Influence of microstructure on abrasive wear behavior of alloy white irons...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... It is accompanied by heavy impact and by high bending and compressive forces on the wearing parts, which are made as heavy-section castings. As a result, the choice of ferrous alloys that can be used with confidence in these applications is limited. Traditionally, austenitic 12% Mn steels are used as crusher liners...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... cracks can grow at stress-intensity levels below the threshold level for macroscopic cracks, as demonstrated by Pearson in 1973 ( Fig. 7 )( Ref 6 ). Small cracks have also been observed to grow at non-negligible rates when the nominal applied Δ K is less than the threshold value determined from...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... cannot be used during grinding, then some other non-aqueous coolant must be used, for example, kerosene or mineral spirits. Wet grinding minimizes specimen heating, prevents the abrasive from becoming loaded with metal removed from the specimen being prepared, and minimizes airborne metal-particle...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... interact with each other or when the stress field of a growing crack interacts with a free surface, for example, that created by a hole. (a) Non-coplanar parallel cracks. (b) Interaction between non-coplanar parallel cracks. (c) Interaction between a crack and a hole. Source: Ref 9 Fig. 43...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and the ferrous metals. Somewhat similar to the nickel alloys, they lie between the active and passive positions for stainless steels ( Fig. 3 ) and therefore induce localized corrosion of the active alloys. Nickel and its Alloys Nickel and its alloys are not readily polarized and will therefore cause...