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nitrogen defects

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0090030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... near the bore emanating from a hard alpha (HA) defect. Such defects can result from occasional upsets during the vacuum melting of titanium. These nitrogen-rich alpha titanium anomalies are brittle and often have associated microcracks and microvoids. A probabilistic damage tolerance approach...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001475
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract During periodic inspection of the tubes of a reformer furnace, a soapy water leak test with the tubes pressurized with nitrogen was being carried out by site personnel in a manner contrary to the policy of the organization when one of the tubes suddenly disintegrated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... be done carefully. crankshaft fatigue fracture misalignment forged nitrided steel grinding defects electron-dispersive x-ray analysis fatigue strength 42CrMo4 (chromium-molybdenum alloy steel) UNS G41400 Introduction Experimental Investigation Results and Discussion Determination...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... content. In addition, the phosphorus and nitrogen contents were rather high. The hardness of the defective eyebolt was HV 5 = 227 to 230 kgf/mm 2 . Notched bar impact tests (DVM) yielded α K = 0.7 to 1.5 kgf · m/cm 2 . A longitudinal section through the fracture site showed a structure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001024
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... blade. The internal cavity of the extrusion was filled with nitrogen at a slight positive pressure, and a visible pressure indicator was placed on each blade near the hub. If the structural portion of the blade was punctured by hostile fire, the nitrogen would escape, and the BIM pressure indicator...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001601
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
...Abstract Abstract Flow forming technology has emerged as a promising, economical metal forming technology due to its ability to provide high strength, high precision, thin walled tubes with excellent surface finish. This paper presents experimental observations of defects developed during flow...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001217
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... by their shape and order of precipitation. Tests showed that a subsequent removal of this defect by solutioning was impractical because the annealing temperature was too high. To avoid this defect in the future the sole recommendation is to accelerate the cooling rate through the critical region between 1200...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
...International classification of common casting defects Table 1 International classification of common casting defects No. Description Common name Sketch Metallic Projections A 100 Metallic projections in the form of fins or flash A 110 Metallic projections...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... that for carburized cases. The nitrogen transfer is blocked by any contamination on the part surface. Thorough surface cleaning prior to nitriding is mandatory to prevent nonuniform nitriding, flaking layers, or other surface defects. Other related nitriding problems may include: Failing to provide...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001718
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... with pitting. Uniform corrosion is evident and two deep linear defects are present on impeller blade tips. In contrast, the undamaged impeller surfaces are covered with a dark oxide film. This and many other impellers in seemingly identical service conditions survive long lives with little or no apparent...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001615
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
.... Note the grain boundary ferrite (light) in pearlite matrix (dark). A fracture surface was prepared near the defective region by fracturing the sample after immersing it in liquid nitrogen and opening the crack. This fracture surface was analyzed for the presence of any foreign material/particles...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001365
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Abstract Abstract An investigation was conducted to determine the cause of numerous cracks and other defects on the surface of a cast ASTM A743 grade CA-15 stainless steel main boiler feed pump impeller. The surface was examined using a stereomicroscope, and macrofractography was conducted...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001833
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... Results indicated that the boiler failure was caused by grain-boundary segregation of phosphorous, tin, and nitrogen and the in-service formation of carbide films and granules on the grain boundaries. steam chest fracture high-temperature oxidation chromium alloy steel grain boundary defects...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001352
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... processing equipment Cracks(fracturing) Dissimilar metals, welding Weld defects Welded joints Welding parameters AFNOR Z30C13 Joining-related failures Background Visual Examination of General Physical Features Testing Procedure and Results Discussion Conclusion and Recommendations...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001252
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... period at high initial forging temperature. Another block melted under the same conditions and immediately after the defective one, was forged into a gear ring without any trouble. This ring was free of grain boundary precipitates, but it contained only 0.012 % AI and 0.0102 % N. Cracking...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... ), Therefore it consisted of iron sulfide. The blisters gave off gas under considerable pressure when drilled open under acidic water. The gas contained 89.4% H 2 , 2.4% CO 2 , 7.0% N 2 and 1.7% O 2 . If the nitrogen-oxygen mixture that probably consists of air which penetrated during the capture of the gas...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... discussed are the different types of samples that can be analyzed and the special sample-handling procedures that must be implemented when preparing to do failure analysis using these surface-sensitive techniques. Data obtained from different material defects are presented for each of the techniques...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001752
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... contained a majority of small spherical particles consisting of nitrogen, boron, iron, carbon, and a small amount of oxygen. Some other dimples contained manganese sulfide precipitates. Fatigue samples machined from the ultra-low sulfur steel crankshaft failed internally at planar grain boundary facets...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001272
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... a single factor be identified as the cause for failure, especially when the stress affects a suboptimal microstructure/chemistry. Clearly the thread imprinting and cold work were detrimental, as was the high nitrogen content. There was clearly an assembly defect due to the nonlevel concrete pad...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001804
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... was made. The results of the study indicated that the screw failed due to fatigue fracture stemming from surface cracks generated by stress concentration likely caused by grooves left by improper machining. surgical screws fatigue fracture machining defects stainless steel cracking optical...