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nickel-base heat-resistant casting alloys

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001083
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... resistance because of its higher hardness, whereas CA-15 would likely be the most economical of the three. All of these alloys require heat treatment after casting. Tempering heat treatments should be selected that yield tensile strengths in the range of 690 to 790 MPa (100 to 115 ksi). Heat treatments...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... environments, the cast structure of a nickel weld may be anodic to the wrought parent metals. The combination of their passive surface with their inherent resistance places nickel-chromium alloys such as Inconel alloy 600 and Hastelloy alloy C-276 in more noble positions in the traditional galvanic series...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0060144
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... filled with a nickel catalyst. The tubes were centrifugally cast from ASTM A297, grade HK-40 (Fe-25Cr-20Ni-0.40C), heat-resistant alloy. The tube was concluded after metallurgical inspection to have failed from creep rupture (i.e., stress rupture). A project for detecting midwall creep fissuring...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... on the inner wall of a stainless steel tube There is no iron- or nickel-base alloy that is absolutely resistant to metal dusting attack. Research is focused on the reaction chain from the formation of alloy substrate oxide layers and deteriorating conditions. Accordingly, carbon and coke deposition...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... to the other members in the galvanic assembly (for example, zinc anodes in cast iron waterboxes of copper alloy water-cooled heat exchangers). Cathodic protection is often used for the protection of underground or underwater steel structures. The use of cathodic protection for long-term corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... the intended function is decreased. The article addresses factors that may cause failures in castings for each metal type, starting with gray iron and progressing to ductile iron, steel, aluminum, and copper-base alloys. It describes the general root causes of failure attributed to the casting material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006828
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... metals to ceramics. Procedures for brazing various materials such as cast irons, steels, stainless steels, heat-resistant alloys, aluminum alloys, titanium alloys, copper alloys, reactive and refractory metals, and carbon and graphite are described in Welding, Brazing, and Soldering , Volume 6...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001638
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... and/or aluminum to form a protective layer of chromium or aluminum oxide (Cr 2 O 3 or Al 2 O 3 ) scale to resist oxidation and other forms of high-temperature corrosion. These oxide scales are slow growing. When an alloy is under sulfidation attack, sulfides of chromium, iron, and nickel are likely to form...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c0047606
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... may be advisable. If heat treatment is not feasible after welding, the substitution of a more corrosion-resistant alloy, such as Incoloy 800 or 825, may be necessary. Selected References Selected References • Failures Related to Welding , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...) 3.1 26.6 26 3.7 24.4 27 37.5 17.8 28 522.6 56.2 41 881.6 39.4 33 Stress-rupture ductility is an important factor in alloy selection. For example, in conventionally cast nickel-base heat-resisting alloys, a stress-rupture ductility of approximately 1% is common at 760 °C...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001712
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... or carbonitrides, however these effects were not quantified in the references cited. Moreover, no mention was found on the effect of nitridation on alloy density. Therefore, the experiment was designed to help determine the effects of major elements Ni, Cr, Co, and Fe in cast heat resistant alloys. Ten alloys...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... with a carbide compound, providing it with a heat-resistant material where temperatures are extremely high. Second, pistons could be of an aluminum-graphite or aluminum-boron composite, eliminating surface melting because pure aluminum has a melting point 200 F higher than the interdendritic material...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... 980 1795 3 Hastelloy X nickel-base superalloy 1205 2200 3 HX (17Cr-66Ni-bal Fe) 1150 2100 3 (a) Seamless tube. (b) Electric-resistance-welded tube The effects of oxygen concentration and temperature are specific to each alloy. Scale growth rate increases...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001082
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
.... Type 304L stainless steel was chosen because its erosion-resistant properties were superior to those of nickel-aluminum-bronze alloy. The plant owners, rather than the pump manufacturers, changed the pump impeller material specification and subcontracted the casting of the impellers themselves. Within...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003517
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... alloys are used for the relatively cool components, such as those in the fan and low-pressure compressor sections. Nickel-base, iron-nickel, and iron-base heat-resisting alloys are used for “warm” parts, such as shafts, turbine disks, high-pressure compressor disks, and cases. Nickel-base and cobalt-base...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001595
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... modification through heat treatment is hardenability. Hardenability is a term used to quantify the relative response of a material to thermal treatment transformation to martensite based upon alloying elements and other variables. Many researchers have empirically determined the individual and combined effects...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0091402
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... heating and cooling cycles per hour for at least 16 h/day, or a minimum of 224 cycles/day. Steam and water pressure were 1035 kPa (150 psi) and 895 kPa (130 psi) respectively, and water-flow rate was estimated to be 1325 L/min (350 gal/min) based on pump capacity. Water-inlet temperature was 10 to 15 deg...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003545
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... only relatively small differences in total elongation. Replicate tests may thus exhibit large differences in total elongation but very small differences in true elongation. Stress-rupture ductility is an important factor in alloy selection. In conventionally cast nickel-base heat-resisting alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006824
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... For each alloy, the creep mechanism can be predicted by using a deformation mechanism map ( Fig. 2 ). Fig. 2 Deformation mechanism map for the cast nickel-base superalloy MAR-M200 with a grain size of 100 μm. Source: Ref 3 The formation of cavities (voids) on the grain boundaries during...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... mm (0.050 in.) thick; both were made of 19-9 DL heat-resisting alloy with the following composition: Element Composition, % Carbon 0.3 Manganese 1.1 Silicon 0.6 Chromium 19 Nickel 9 Molybdenum 1.25 Tungsten 1.2 Niobium 0.4 Titanium 0.3 Iron Bal...