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nickel-base alloy

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c0091757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... has angular phase (consisting mostly of nickel sulfide) in the chromium-depleted region (bright phase). Dark, outer region contains cavities, corroded metal, and various debris, including mounting compounds. Far left region (not shown) is base metal. Micrograph shows an area approximately 6 mm (0.24...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0091756
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
...Abstract Abstract An alloy IN-690 (N06690) incinerator liner approximately 0.8 mm (0.031 in.) thick failed after only 250 h of service burning solid waste. Investigation supported the conclusion that the root cause of the failure was overfiring during startup and sulfidation of the nickel-base...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c0046956
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
...Abstract Abstract A brazing-furnace muffle 34 cm (13 in.) wide, 26 cm (10 in.) high, and 198 cm (78 in.) long, was fabricated from nickel-base high-temperature alloy sheet and installed in a gas-fired furnace used for copper brazing of various assemblies. The operating temperature of the muffle...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001387
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...-resistant material, such as nickel, nickel-base alloy, or stainless steel, was recommended. Anodes Electrolytic cells Nuclear reactor components 1010 ASTM A519 MT1010 UNS G10100 Uniform corrosion Background Visual Examination of General Physical Features Testing Procedure and Results...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c0046969
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... had been applied in 1966, when these coatings were relatively new. It is evident that maintaining the integrity of a protective coating could significantly increase the life of a nickel-base alloy blade operating in a hot and corrosive environment. Corrosion products Diffusion coatings Turbine...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...-earth metals, and their alloys (includes titanium, tantalum, zirconium, uranium, and thorium) Brittle hydrides often form preferentially where the stress is highest. Nickel-base alloys exhibiting hydrogen embrittlement Table 2 Nickel-base alloys exhibiting hydrogen embrittlement Alloy...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001566
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
..., characteristic of chloride-induced SCC in austenitic stainless steels. The failure resulted from chloride-induced SCC, possibly assisted by cyclic stress. The recommendation for alternate material for the desuperheater nozzle included nickel base alloys per ASTM B 564, Grades 600 or 800 titanium alloy per ASTM B...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0090881
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...Abstract Abstract A power plant using two steam generators (vertical U-tube and shell heat exchangers, approximately 21 m (68 ft) high with a steam drum diameter of 6 m (20 ft)) experienced a steam generator tube rupture. Each steam generator contained 11,012 Inconel alloy 600 (nickel-base...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001824
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... and A 194. However, the investigation (which included visual, macroscopic, metallographic, SEM, and chemical analysis) showed that austenitic stainless steel and a nickel-base alloy were used instead. The unspecified materials are more prone to corrosion, particularly galvanic corrosion, which proved...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0046874
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... or a nickel-base alloy, such as Hastelloy B or C. Relief valves Springs (elastic) Torsional fatigue H21 UNS T20821 Corrosion fatigue The safety valve on a steam turbogenerator was set to open when the steam pressure reaches 2400 kPa (348 psi). The pressure had not exceeded 1790 kPa (260 psi...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0047621
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... into a cylindrical case that were both welded to a flange. The case, stiffener, flange, and weld deposit were all of nickel-base alloy 718. It was observed that a manual arc weld repair had been made along almost the entire circumference of the original weld. Investigation (visual inspection, 0.5x macrographs...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003517
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and tubing. The article discusses metallurgical instabilities of steel-based alloys and nickel-base superalloys. It provides information on several life assessment methods, namely, the life fraction rule, parameter-based assessments, the thermal-mechanical fatigue, coating evaluations, hardness testing...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... 12. Grabke H.J. , Metal Dusting of Low and High Alloyed Steels , Corrosion , Vol 51 ( No. 9 ), 1995 , p 711 13. Grabke H.J. , Krajak R. , Müller-Lorenz E.M. , and Strauβ S. , Metal Dusting of Nickel Base Alloys , Mater. Corros. , Vol 47 , 1996 , p 495...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001756
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... in the dovetail region, causing extensive damage throughout the turbine. Remedial measures were suggested to prevent such failures in the future. aircraft turbine blades fatigue fracture operating overload nickel-base alloy fatigue cracking fractographic analysis fracture surface structure Nimonic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001046
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... confirmed the suitability of the nickel-chromium alloys for such an environment. Inconel 625 was selected for fabrication of a new preheater/exchanger. Heat exchangers, materials selection Incinerators, materials selection Internal oxidation Nickel-base alloys, corrosion Solvents, environment 309...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003540
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... aluminum alloy with equiaxed grains. 130×. (b) Intergranular fracture along the part line of an aluminum forging Fig. 3 SEM image of fracture surface of nickel-base alloy (Inconel 751, annealed and aged) after stress rupture (730 °C, or 1350 °F; 380 MPa, or 55 ksi; 125 h). (a) Low-magnification...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...) fracture surface. (c) Micrograph showing the IG attack that extended from the outside diameter surface Fig. 3 Scanning electron microscopy image of fracture surface of nickel-base alloy (Inconel 751, annealed and aged) after stress rupture (730 °C, or 1350 °F; 380 MPa, or 55 ksi; 125 h). (a) Low...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...-base superalloy 1040 1905 3 S-816 cobalt-base alloy 980 1795 3 Hastelloy X nickel-base superalloy 1205 2200 3 HX (17Cr-66Ni-bal Fe) 1150 2100 3 (a) Seamless tube. (b) Electric-resistance-welded tube General power plant classifications Table 2 General...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., alkaline-earth metals, and their alloys (includes titanium, tantalum, zirconium, uranium, and thorium) Brittle hydrides often form preferentially where the stress is highest. Nickel-base alloys exhibiting hydrogen embrittlement Table 2 Nickel-base alloys exhibiting hydrogen embrittlement...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003545
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... 300–400 0.48–0.54 T M Titanium alloys 315 600 0.3 T M Low-alloy steels 370 700 0.36 T M Austenitic, iron-base, heat-resisting alloys 540 1000 0.49 T M Nickel- and cobalt-base heat-resisting alloys 650 1200 0.56 T M Refractory metals and alloys 980–1540 1800...