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nickel (commercially pure nickel)

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001852
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... proposed remedies to prevent additional failures. molds thermal fatigue fracture dimensional constraints electroformed nickel cracking distortion finite element modeling thermal stress nickel (commercially pure nickel) Introduction Experiment Finite Element Modeling Conclusions...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c9001610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... 2 ). Jewelry 1, 2, 3, 5, and 6 are made of nonsurgical grade stainless steel, while Jewelry 4 is pure niobium. The results indicate that the nickel content of Jewelry 1, 2, 3, 5, and 6 is well below the minimum requirements of ISO 5832-1, while the chromium content of Jewelry 1, 2, and 3 is slightly...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... analysis, metallographic analysis, and simulated-service tests. It provides case studies for the analysis of SCC service failures and their occurrence in steels, stainless steels, and commercial alloys of aluminum, copper, magnesium, and titanium. aluminum alloys austenitic stainless steel carbon...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... also briefly reviews some commercial alloy systems in which liquid-metal-induced embrittlement or solid-metal-induced embrittlement has been documented and describes some examples of cracking due to these phenomena, either in manufacturing or in service. commercial alloy systems failure analysis...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c9001690
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
... ). The chemical composition of the oral maxillofacial plate (Ti-6Al-4V alloy) was not in accordance with the minimum requirements of ISO 5832-3. Plates used in maxillofacial surgery are, however, usually fabricated in commercially pure titanium alloys (CP Ti), 26 and the chemical composition and grain size were...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... alloy) may cause serious galvanic corrosion of magnesium in saline environments. Very pure aluminum is quite compatible, acting as a polarizable cathode; however, when iron content exceeds 200 ppm, cathodic activity becomes significant (apparently because of the depolarizing effect of the intermetallic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... impurities present in the material with respect to its susceptibility to SCC. Composition High-purity metals are generally less susceptible to SCC than most commercial grades of metals and alloys. In fact, pure metals were long considered immune to SCC on the basis of experience. However, it was later...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003554
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...) and liquid metal induced embrittlement (LMIE). It describes the unique features that assist in arriving at a clear conclusion whether SMIE or LMIE is the most probable cause of the problem. The article briefly reviews some commercial alloy systems where LMIE or SMIE has been documented. It also provides some...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Environment 600 Cathodic charge/tensile test C-276, C-4, MP35N, 625, 718 … Pure nickel Cathodic charge H 2 SO 4 K500 Sour oil and gas environment X750 5% NaCl + 5% CH 3 COOH + H 2 S 718, A286, 625 Hydrogen gas (34 MPa, or 5000 psi) charged at room temperature Pure nickel, 600...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... or observations. In addition, each test should include at least one of the standard reference materials to facilitate calculation of the normalized erosion resistance of the test materials. Reference materials include aluminum alloy 1100-O, commercially pure annealed nickel (for example, Nickel 270), and type 316...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Alloy Environment 600 Cathodic charge/tensile test C-276, C-4, MP35N, 625, 718 … Pure nickel Cathodic charge H 2 SO 4 K500 Sour oil and gas environment X750 5% NaCl + 5% CH 3 COOH + H 2 S 718, A286, 625 Hydrogen gas (34 MPa, or 5000 psi) charged at room temperature Pure...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... damaging, although not fully compatible with magnesium. Aluminum alloys containing small percentages of copper (7000 and 2000 series and 380 die-casting alloy) may cause serious galvanic corrosion of magnesium in saline environments. Very pure aluminum is quite compatible, acting as a polarizable...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006781
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Fig. 1 Representative turbine entry temperature (TET) of a commercial aircraft turbine during one flight. Adapted from Ref 1 Fig. 7 Typical thermomechanical fatigue (TMF) waveforms used in laboratory testing. (a) In-phase TMF. (b) Out-of-phase TMF. Image (b) adapted from Ref 6...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003539
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... (∼0.001 ∼m/cycle). No fatigue striations were resolved by SEM at any crack growth rate. Unmarked facets are more prevalent at low (near-threshold) growth rates. Fig. 43 SEM view of laboratory fatigue fracture of a 70-30 nickel-copper alloy showing mixed intergranular and transgranular morphology...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...-base superalloy 1040 1900 1 S-816 cobalt-base superalloy 980 1800 1 Hastelloy X nickel-base superalloy 1205 2200 1 HX (17Cr-66Ni-bal Fe) 1150 2100 1 (a) Seamless tube. (b) Electric resistance welded tube Melting points of common refractories Table 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...-base superalloy 1040 1905 3 S-816 cobalt-base alloy 980 1795 3 Hastelloy X nickel-base superalloy 1205 2200 3 HX (17Cr-66Ni-bal Fe) 1150 2100 3 (a) Seamless tube. (b) Electric-resistance-welded tube General power plant classifications Table 2 General...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... (~0.001 μm/cycle). No fatigue striations were resolved by scanning electron microscopy at any crack growth rate. Unmarked facets are more prevalent at low (near-threshold) growth rates. Fig. 43 Scanning electron microscope view of laboratory fatigue fracture of a 70-30 nickel-copper alloy...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006828
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... Fortunately, there are numerous commercially available alloys with a wide range of compositions and properties. The demands of the aerospace industry for improved joining processes have resulted in the development of heat- and corrosion-resistant braze filler metals, such as nickel- and cobalt-base alloys...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... systems. Most metals, including iron, copper, nickel, aluminum, and their alloys, are more or less susceptible to damage ( Ref 1 , 2 , 3 ). Only titanium and its alloys appear to be generally resistant ( Ref 4 ). This review focuses initially on the mechanisms of microbially induced or influenced...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003545
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... 300–400 0.48–0.54 T M Titanium alloys 315 600 0.3 T M Low-alloy steels 370 700 0.36 T M Austenitic, iron-base, heat-resisting alloys 540 1000 0.49 T M Nickel- and cobalt-base heat-resisting alloys 650 1200 0.56 T M Refractory metals and alloys 980–1540 1800...