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Image
Published: 01 December 2019
Fig. 9 A216 and A217 polarization in H 2 S-saturated NACE TM0177 “A” solution (5.0% NaCl + 0.5% CH 3 COOH) at T = 23 °C and pH 3.5 More
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Published: 01 December 2019
Fig. 10 Surface of fractured steels, after corrosion testing according to NACE TM 0177-96 method “A” standard in 5.0% NaCl + 0.5% CH 3 COOH at T = 23 °C and pH 3.5. The applied stress was 100% of the YS of the steels ( a ) A216-WCC, ( b ) A217-WC9 More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c0051870
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... Abstract Coiled tubing with 80 ksi yield strength manufactured to a maximum hardness of 22 HRC to meet NACE Standard MR0175 requirement for sour gas service failed after being on 38 jobs (70% of its estimated fatigue life). A transverse crack where a leak occurred was identified as the primary...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001592
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
... service, it should conform to the requirements of NACE Standard MR0176. 1 The composition of the coating was slightly different than the minimum NACE recommendation. 1 Both chrome and boron contents were just over the recommended maximum. The hardness of the coating was 63 HRC, while the minimum...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... μm diamond paste and then SEM micrographs of non-etched clean surface were observed. Corrosion Tests Hydrogen-induced cracking tests were performed according to NACE TM0284-96, which describes a methodology, used in the evaluation of HIC susceptible of steels [ 4 ]. Standard HIC samples (3 per...
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 13 Deep caustic gouging beneath heavy insulating deposits. Steam forming under the insulating deposit escapes and concentrates caustic capable of dissolving metal. Courtesy of NACE International More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 8 Increase in corrosion rate for steel treated with a corrosion inhibitor in carbon-dioxide-saturated 3% saline solution with addition of acetate. Source: Ref 52 . Reprinted with permission from NACE International More
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Published: 15 January 2021
with a relatively small opening on the bold metal surface. Source: Ref 116 . Reprinted with permission from NACE International More
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Published: 01 December 2019
Fig. 11 Transverse sections of steels showing SSC cracks, after corrosion testing according to NACE TM0177-96 method “A” standard in 5.0% NaCl + 0.5% CH 3 COOH at T = 23 °C and pH 3.5. The applied stress was 100% of the YS of the steels ( a ) A216-WCC, after 4 h of testing, ( b ) A217-WC9 More
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Published: 30 August 2021
no carbide and chi (light) phase with 0.89 mm (0.035 in.) lateral expansion at −195 °C (−320 °F). Source: Ref 22 . Courtesy of NACE International More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... standards such as NACE International TM0212-2018 ( Ref 1 ) and NACE International TM0106-2016 ( Ref 2 ) are excellent sources of information on detection, testing, and evaluation of MIC on pipelines and are updated on a regular basis to reflect the current state of the art. Numerous reviews and multiauthor...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... mentioned as a possible option to replace more traditional stainless steels. A NACE/ISO standard describes the requirements for such applications [ 1 ]. DSSs have a two-phase microstructure (austenite and ferrite) and have some advantages, mainly higher strength, higher resistance to intergranular corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Corrosion Handbook . Industrial Press ( 1994 ) 10.1533/9781845698621 . 2. Borenstein S.W. , Lindsay P.B. : MIC failure analysis , CORROSION/1987 , Paper no. 321. NACE , Houston, TX ( 1987 ). 3. Tatnall R.E. , Pope D.H. : Identification of MIC . A Practical Manual...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... on the seawater corrosion resistance of nickel–aluminum bronze . Paper No.03262, NACE Corrosion/2003, NACE International , Houston, Texas 10.3168/jds.2019-16489 2. Ferrara R.J. , Caton T.E. , Review of dealloying of cast aluminum bronze and nickel–aluminum bronze alloys in sea water service...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001683
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... D. H. , Soracco R. J. , and Wilde E. W. , “Studies on Biologically Induced Corrosion in Heat Exchanger Systems at the Savannah River Plant, Aiken, SC” , NACE Corrosion/82 , Paper 24 , 1982 2. Kobrin G. , “Corrosion by Microbiological Organisms in Natural Waters” , NACE...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006823
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... AND THEIR ALLOYS is a major problem that must be dealt with in many applications. A study from NACE International in 2016 estimated the global cost of corrosion at 3.4% of the global gross domestic product, which at that time was approximately $2.5 trillion ( Ref 1 ). This makes repairing and preventing corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001116
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... and abandoned. No eitort was made to find the second failed joint of pipe. Pertinent Specifications The pipe was required to be 60 mm (2 3 8 in.) OD, 7 kg/m (4.7 lb/ft) API Specification 5A grade J-55 ERW pipe (the current specification is API 5CT). NACE Standard MR0175, “Material Requirements...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001329
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
....” The National Association of Corrosion Engineers (NACE) has termed the dealloying phenomenon associated with aluminum-copper alloy systems as “dealuminization.” NACE further emphasizes that although color changes may be associated with dealloying, no cracks, pits, dimensional changes, grooving, or obvious metal...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... be removed for analysis in accordance with NACE International TM0212 or similar, as discussed subsequently in this article. Samples and fracture surfaces should be cleaned with the mildest technique first, using progressively more aggressive methods until the desired cleanliness is achieved. Cleaning...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001695
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Materials at the Savannah River Site,” Proceedings of Topical Meeting on DOE Spent Fuel , 118 – 124 , Salt Lake ( 1994 ). 2. Howell J.P. , “Corrosion of Aluminum-Clad Spent Fuel in Reactor Basin Water Storage,” NACE Corrosion/95, paper 429, Houston, Texas ( 1995 ) 3. Godard H.P...