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multicomponent systems

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
....) by carbon (indirect oxidation of carbon) and the role of the antioxidants, being more reducing than carbon in most systems. A powerful use of thermodynamics is to assess oxidation-reduction behavior of multicomponent systems using elaborate computer codes, such as Chem Sage or Solgasmix ( Ref 5 , 6...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., by virtue of its physical size and location, is often difficult to detect. These factors combine to make localized corrosion mechanisms insidious. If undetected they can lead to catastrophic system failures. Certain environments induce specific corrosion failure modes. Hydrogen damage, liquid- and solid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...Abstract Abstract Erosion is the progressive loss of original material from a solid surface due to mechanical interaction between that surface and a fluid, a multicomponent fluid, an impinging liquid, or impinging solid particles. The detrimental effects of erosion have caused problems...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003568
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... is the progressive loss of original material from a solid surface due to mechanical interaction between that surface and a fluid, a multicomponent fluid, an impinging liquid, or impinging solid particles ( Ref 1 ). Erosion is a rather broad term and can be further classified into a number of more specific terms...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... size and location, is often difficult to detect. These factors combine to make localized corrosion mechanisms insidious. If undetected, they can lead to catastrophic system failures. Certain environments induce specific corrosion failure modes. Hydrogen damage, liquid- and solid-metal-induced...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c9001690
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
... multicomponents—the regions of stress concentration often coincide with crevice areas where localized corrosion is more likely. 24 The presence of surface irregularities locally increases the stress concentration, and dramatically decreases the total fatigue life of the component. 22 Results indicated...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... sensitization stress-corrosion cracking sulfidation thermal barrier coatings WHEN FAILURES OCCUR, the unscheduled outages result in loss of reliability and increased economic costs. A failure investigation can determine the primary cause of material, component, or system degradation. Based...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006828
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... Advantages and Limitations of the Brazing Process The brazing process has many distinct advantages, including ( Ref 4 ): Economical fabrication of complex and multicomponent assemblies Simple method to obtain extensive joint area or joint length Joint temperature capability approaching...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... in loss of reliability and increased economic costs. A failure investigation can determine the primary cause(s) of materials, components, or system degradation. Based on the analysis, corrective action to mitigate or eliminate future failures can be initiated. Analysis of the failure always begins...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001803
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... of failure. In nearly all prosthetic devices, and particularly those having multicomponents, the regions of stress concentration often coincide with crevice areas, where localized corrosion is more likely. [ 32 ] The adverse effects of implant-derived wear particles on periprosthetic tissues are also...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... illustrates an example of failure by galvanic corrosion. It is a connection for a water distribution system in which the contractor directly coupled a brass fitting to a steel pipe. Although an obvious recipe for failure, many such connections had been made, backfilled, and paved over before a failure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and particularly at a change in section or geometry ( Fig. 8 ). Some examples of corrosion damage follow. Figure 16 illustrates an example of failure by galvanic corrosion. It is a connection for a water distribution system in which the contractor directly coupled a brass fitting to a steel pipe. Although...