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multiaxial fatigue

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... -ratios and for irregular loading, the reaction to complex microcracks, the response to single overloads, the crack closure effects, and the behavior under multiaxial loading still provide significant challenges. Reference 11 and Fatigue and Fracture , Volume 19 of the ASM Handbook , 1996, cover...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003544
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... had considerable success. However, the treatment of short cracks, the propagation of cracks for negative R -ratios and for irregular loading, crack closure effects, and multiaxial loadings provide significant challenges. Reference 4 and Fatigue and Fracture , Volume 19 of the ASM Handbook , cover...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c9001659
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
... (railroad) Shell fractures Railroad-rail steel Fatigue fracture Rolling-contact wear In a recent Battelle study completed for the Department of Transportation (DOT) [ 1 ], it was found that nearly 10 percent of over 10,000 1-mile segments of revenue-service railroad rail contained one or more...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract Several failed dies were analyzed and the results were used to evaluate fatigue damage models that have been developed to predict die life and aid in design and process optimization. The dies used in the investigation were made of H13 steels and fractured during the hot...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... 50 in the preceding article, “Fracture Appearance and Mechanisms of Deformation and Fracture,” in this Volume). The lines are resolved slip packets intersecting a free surface of the material and should not be confused with fatigue striations. One differentiation is that these lines often contain...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and the matrix (see Fig. 51 in the article “Fracture Appearance and Mechanisms of Deformation and Fracture” in this Volume). The lines are resolved slip packets intersecting a free surface of the material and should not be confused with fatigue striations. One differentiation is that these lines often contain...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... by buckling-induced fracture. (c) Low-cycle fatigue fracture. Source: Ref 8 Fig. 14 Deformation from threads that left impressions on the inside surface of a hole as the members sheared with respect to each other. Fig. 13 Gas-nitrided 4140 steel (27–31 HRC) drive-gear assembly...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006797
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... by buckling-induced fracture. (c) Low-cycle fatigue fracture. Source: Ref 9 Fig. 12 Part substitution that resulted in a distortion failure. (a) Distorted commercial cap screw that was used as a replacement for a hardened bolt. (b) Carry-handle flange that broke because the cap screw bent. (c...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003537
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article provides an overview of fractography and explains how it is used in failure analysis. It reviews the basic types of fracture processes, namely, ductile, brittle, fatigue, and creep, principally in terms of fracture appearances, such as microstructure. The article...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Fig. 13 (a) Heater tube that failed due to stress rupture. (b) and (c) Stress-rupture voids near the fracture. Source: Ref 18 Abstract Abstract The principal types of elevated-temperature mechanical failure are creep and stress rupture, stress relaxation, low- and high-cycle fatigue...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006767
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... elastic fracture mechanics analysis, with some mention of elastic-plastic fracture mechanics analysis. The article describes the probabilistic aspects of fatigue and fracture. Information on crack-growth simulation of the material is also provided. crack-growth simulation elastic-plastic fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...Abstract Abstract Rolling-contact fatigue (RCF) is a common failure mode in components subjected to rolling or rolling-sliding contact. This article provides a basic understanding of RCF and a broad overview of materials and manufacturing techniques commonly used in industry to improve...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003530
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... project. Frequently, principal stresses and maximum shear stresses are important to the designer because both are used in common failure expressions to calculate maximum load capability (e.g. multiaxial yield criteria). One failure mode theory is the Rankine (or maximum normal stress) criterion, where...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006768
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... methods can be used in (but are not necessarily limited to) situations where failures result from overloading, stress corrosion, fatigue, stress concentrations, or inappropriate manufacturing processes. X-ray diffraction residual-stress analysis methods can also be applied to the evaluation of corrective...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... processes (ductile, brittle, fatigue, and creep) are described briefly, principally in terms of fracture appearances. A description of the surface, structure, and behavior of each fracture process is also included. The article provides a framework from which a prospective analyst can begin to study...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003536
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... spacing. Source: Ref 3 Fig. 20 Dimples in the ductile fracture surface of a permanent mold cast A356 Al-alloy Fig. 16 Counting frame for unbiased counting number of features. Source: Ref 94 Fig. 21 Fatigue striations in a cast A356 aluminum alloy. (a) 500×. (b) 1500...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627082952
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... • “ Standard Test Methods for Vickers Hardness and Knoop Hardness of Metallic Materials ,” E 92-17, ASTM International The mechanical behavior of materials is described by their deformation and fracture characteristics under applied tensile, compressive, or multiaxial stresses. Determination...