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molten metal

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0047756
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... extremities of a granular gold-tinted surface region adjacent to the tube-to-sleeve brazed joint and extending circumferentially were revealed by microscopic examination. Embrittlement of the tube caused by molten braze metal penetration along grain boundaries was evidenced by micrographs of a granular...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c0089617
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... the molten metal, flowing through a trough, was poured into the mold beginning at the bell end and ending with the spigot end being poured last. After the pipe had cooled, it was pulled out from the bell end of the mold, and the procedure was repeated. Investigation supported the conclusion that failure...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and metal dusting, sulfidation, hot corrosion, chloridation, hydrogen interactions, molten metals, molten salts, and aging reactions including sensitization, stress-corrosion cracking, and corrosion fatigue. It concludes with a discussion on various protective coatings, such as aluminide coatings, overlay...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001483
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... of copper, 1083 deg C (1981 deg F), molten metal came into contact with the bolt, into which it penetrated along the grain boundaries, culminating in rupture. Bolts Copper Liquid metals Overheating Penetration Steel bolt Liquid metal induced embrittlement Intergranular fracture The head...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0048143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... the last contact was broken was revealed to have resulted in an arc that caused local melting of the metal being plated. The molten metal was interpreted to have been quenched instantly by the plating solution and by the mass of the cold metal of the spring. The hard spot caused by arcing during plating...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0048154
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... the fracture. No droplets were revealed at the origin of the fracture, but it was assumed that a drop of molten metal landed at the origin. Adherence of the spatter drop was expected to have been affected by the opening and closing of the fatigue crack. Weld spatter bead was concluded to have caused...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001440
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... of the crack was examined microscopically. This revealed that the crack was associated with intergranular penetration by molten metal. The microstructure in general was indicative of a good-quality mild steel. It was evident from that solder that was responsible for the penetration and that fused brass from...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001705
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract The working fluid of a hypersonic wind tunnel is freon 14 heated in molten-metal-bath heat exchangers. The coils of the heaters have failed several times from various causes. They have been replaced each time with a stainless steel deemed more appropriate, but they continue...
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 30 Permanent mold of 4130 steel for centrifugal casting of gray- and ductile-iron pipe that failed because of localized overheating. The failure was caused by splashing of molten metal at the spigot end. Subsequent overheating resulted in mold-wall spalling and scoring, details of which More
Image
Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 10 Permanent mold of 4130 steel for centrifugal casting of gray and ductile iron pipe that failed because of localized overheating. The failure was caused by splashing of molten metal at the spigot end. Subsequent overheating resulted in mold-wall spalling and scoring, details of which More
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 22 (a) Cold shut voids (A, B) and flow lines (C, D) both caused by failure of the streams of molten metal to merge, at the cast surface (E) of an alloy 384-F die casting. 0.5% hydroflouric acid. 53× (b) Gate area (A) of an alloy 413-F die casting that has a cold shut void (B) and a region More
Image
Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 36 (a) Cold shut voids (A, B) and flow lines (C, D), both caused by failure of the streams of molten metal to merge, at the cast surface (E) of an alloy 384-F die casting. 0.5% hydrofluoric acid. Original magnification: 53×. (b) Gate area (A) of an alloy 413-F die casting that has a cold More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001479
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... deposits are often found to be present in internal scales and deposits, the metal resulting from the corrosion and/or erosion of pre-boiler equipment condenser tubes and tube plates, feed pump impellers and casings. Molten copper — along with other metals in the liquid state — is able to penetrate solid...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... that the defect is most likely to occur when the design of the gate is such that the molten metal forms a skin across the die surface and then backfills during the remainder of the injection cycle. This is in partial agreement with Bosley 5 who considered that metal waves are connected with preferential die...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... to a high temperature by the contacting molten metal. This wedge of hot sand then acts as a thermal insulator, retarding solidification of the metal around it. As a result, a region is isolated from the risers by solid metal, and a shrinkage cavity forms just under the skin of the Y-junction. This cavity...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... to determine the type of melting employed. Defective castings resulting from the choice of melting are generally not an issue. Processing the liquid metal after melting can introduce conditions that may affect quality and introduce defects and/or imperfections. Molten Metal Handling Slag removal...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c0046911
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... metal arc weld was 0.54%, whereas that of the submerged arc weld was 0.86%. After being weighed, the specimens were submerged in molten zinc for 850 h. Analysis (visual inspection, chemical analysis, 100x 2% nital-etched micrographs) supported the conclusions that the vat failed due to molten-zinc...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001908
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... at the component manufacturing facility. A tour of the entire production process revealed that hardened slag products along the outside of the crucible were inadvertently being poured into the casting die along with the molten metal. It was concluded that this may have attributed to the inclusions noted in the two...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., namely oxidation, carburization, metal dusting, nitridation, carbonitridation, sulfidation, and chloridation. Several other potential degradation processes, namely hot corrosion, hydrogen interactions, molten salts, aging, molten sand, erosion-corrosion, and environmental cracking, are discussed under...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... refractories and technical ceramics. They apply as well to the S + L reactions as to the solid S + G reactions. Liquids can be either slags or fluxes, molten salts, or molten metals, each presenting their own peculiarities. Slags are characterized by their basicity/acidity ratio (CaO/SiO 2 ratio either...