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moisture-induced damage

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... by a supplier. In less than one year, the panels began to delaminate and the aluminum began to crack. It was found that the failure was the result of chloride-induced intergranular corrosion caused by chemicals in the adhesive and excessive moisture in the wood introduced during manufacturing. Adhesive...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... such as those created by particle impacts on the blades. “Failure due to fatigue” has become the popular catch-all phrase for many failures experienced by turbine blades. In the assessment of financial liability, however, the relationship of fatigue inducing, time varying stresses to other damage mechanisms...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... been stripped off as part of a previous fire-damage inspection, which revealed no sensitization of the stainless steel in the suspected fire-damaged areas. Small OD surface pits were noticed in several areas just above the insulation support rings. Nondestructive Evaluation Surface Examination...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001731
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... in contact with the steel surface. In stress-corrosion (in an environment of water or atmospheric moisture), hydrogen is released in intimate contact with the steel surface by the corrosion reactions and is absorbed into a critical area of stress concentration created by the corrosion damage. The stress...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Dewpoint Corrosion Oxygen Attack or Oxygen Pitting Case Study: Leakage in a Carbon Steel Rifled Water-Wall Tube due to Oxygen Pitting Hydrogen Damage Case Study: Rupture of a Carbon Steel Water-Wall Tube because of Hydrogen-Induced Cracking and Decarburization Caustic Corrosion or Caustic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001113
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
..., showed that the cracks resulted from bydrogen-induced damage during truss fabrication. A review of inspection reports revealed that the cracked gusset plates were on the first trusses produced at the fabrication shop. Distortion, jig and fixture problems, truck transport loading difficulties...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001839
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... hydrogen ingress after degassing treatment. Use inputs with low moisture or hydrogen content, in general. Considering the delayed nature of cracking that transpires in the event of hydrogen-induced damage, it is strongly recommended that tensile testing of steel coils be preferably undertaken 24–48...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001696
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract Piping and structural components used in space launch facilities such as NASA's Kennedy Space Center and the Air Force's Cape Canaveral Air Station face extreme operating conditions. Launch effluent and residue from solid rocket boosters react with moisture to form...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... year in a refinery vessel. 1.5× Abstract Abstract This article provides an overview of the classification of hydrogen damage. Some specific types of the damage are hydrogen embrittlement, hydrogen-induced blistering, cracking from precipitation of internal hydrogen, hydrogen attack...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... damaging in conjunction with environmental attack can be produced in many different types of manufacturing operations. In heat treating, for example, improper practices that may thermally induce conditions for SCC include: Failure to preheat when required Overheating during austenitizing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006805
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... micrograph of typical intergranular fracture shown in the box in (b). Original magnification: 3600× Fig. 13 Cadmium-plated alloy steel self-retaining bolts that fractured because of hydrogen damage. (a) Fractured and unused intact bolt. (b) Fractured bolt; brittle fracture surface is indicated...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... or semipermanent installation. Threaded Fasteners Threaded fasteners are considered to be any threaded part that, after assembly of the joint, may be removed without damage to the fastener or to the members being joined. Rivets Rivets are permanent one-piece fasteners that are installed...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in the presence of dirt and moisture. General rusting and deep pits can be seen in this drawn cup, as well as polished indentations resulting from abrasive action under vibratory conditions. The roller spacing is indicated by the spacing of the polished indentations. Fig. 4 Bearings that were damaged...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... These factors combine to make localized corrosion mechanisms insidious. If undetected they can lead to catastrophic system failures. Certain environments induce specific corrosion failure modes. Hydrogen damage, liquid- and solid-metal-induced embrittlement, biologically and microbiologically influenced...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001354
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... indicated the presence of sodium on crack surfaces, which is indicative of NaOH-induced stress-corrosion cracking. Failure was attributed to superheater problems that resulted in caustic carryover from the boiler. Two options for disk repair, installing a shrink-fit disk or applying weld buildup, were...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... to the potential crack plane(s). Thus, there is a delay time, or incubation time, before cracking occurs. In this regard, HSC has also been referred to as static fatigue, sustained-load cracking, or hydrogen-induced delayed fracture. This type of hydrogen damage occurs most often in high-strength steels...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... Anal. Prevent. , Vol 13 , 2013 , p 653 – 657 10.1007/s11668-013-9745-7 51. Viswanathan R. , Damage Mechanism and Life Assessment of High-Temperature Components , ASM International , 1989 , p 45 – 53 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.9781627083409 52. “ Process Piping ,” ASME B31.3...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003570
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract Erosion of solid surfaces can be brought about solely by liquids in two ways: from damage induced by formation and subsequent collapse of voids or cavities within the liquid, and from high-velocity impacts between a solid surface and liquid droplets. The former process...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006834
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
..., such as bearing or gear materials, sand, or machining chips. Fig. 31 Bearings that were damaged by corrosive fluids. (a) Drawn cup for a needle-roller bearing damaged by vibration in the presence of dirt and moisture. Roller spacing is indicated by polished indentations. (b, c) Corrosion or water etch...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... to the articles “ Hydrogen Damage and Embrittlement ” and “ Liquid-Metal- and Solid-Metal-Induced Embrittlement ” in this Volume and to Corrosion: Fundamentals, Testing, and Protection , Volume 13A of the ASM Handbook , 2003. Stress-corrosion cracking develops when a susceptible metal or alloy is exposed...