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modulus of elasticity

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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627081801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... ductility coefficient, b the fatigue strength exponent, c the fatigue ductility exponent, and E the modulus of elasticity. Both these models are based on the use of damage parameters (i.e. σ a and ε a ), which describe a mathematical relationship between maximum stress–strain conditions...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001570
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... this can be achieved by selecting a tubesheet material with strength greater than that of the tube material provided both materials have similar modulus of elasticity. In the clad tubesheet shown in Figure 1 , the grooves are cut in the carbon steel backing plate. The carbon steel used...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001268
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... properties Leaf spring coupon number Yield strength, 0.2% offset Ultimate tensile strength, Elongation, % Modulus of elasticity, MPa ksi MPa ksi GPa 10 6 psi 1(a) 1140 165 1450 210 27.2 202 29.3 1(b) 1165 169 1455 211 27.0 220 31.9 2(a) 1200 174 1455 211...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... slow, continuously increasing application of load; fracture strength is the average true stress at fracture caused by a relatively slow, continuously increasing application of load. The flow strength and fracture strength of a material are temperature dependent, as is the elastic modulus (Young's...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006797
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of a high-modulus alloy is made of a low-modulus alloy, it will deflect more under a given load than if it were made of the high-modulus alloy. If this greater amount of deflection places the part in the path of another part in an assembly, it could be said to have failed by elastic distortion. As mentioned...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001845
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... helix of bolts and bores was neglected in this model. The bolts were subjected to a tightening torque of 28 N m. Material properties such as density, modulus of elasticity, and Poisson ratio ( Table 1 ) were required for the simulation. Figure 6c displays the pretension sections which were used...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001852
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
..., metallographic testing, and finite element analysis of an electroformed pure nickel mould under cyclic thermal loads have been investigated. Test samples have been cut and machined from an electroformed mould. Monotonic properties such as modulus of elasticity, yield and ultimate strengths, percentage elongation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c9001568
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
... Traditionally, suction rolls were made of bronze which provided the advantage of castability, machineability, and corrosion resistance. However, with high speeds and wider paper machines in recent years, stainless steels have been replacing bronze as suction roll materials because of their higher modulus...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003572
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of medium size are most effective in this case. With increase in volume fraction ( V f ) of the filler or fiber, wear may increase, decrease, or show minima at some concentration, generally around 20 to 30%. Abrasive wear may increase with a decrease in modulus of elasticity of fiber or matrix as a result...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... C is a constant related to the position of the pulleys in the rig, the angle between the cables of the sling line pulley and the number of moving pulley cables. Based on this analysis, the maximum tensile load acting on the rope was calculated to be 650 kN. The modulus of elasticity, the Poisson’s...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c9001606
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
... by the implant. After several weeks or months, the fixation implant is usually surgically removed, because the presence of the higher-elastic-modulus metal support may hinder the repaired bone development if it is retained in place. From the mechanical/metallurgical perspective, in addition to the basic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0090454
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... in the as-molded condition as well as material from the failed vessel were evaluated. A comparison of the DMA results showed that in the saturated, equilibrium state, the HDPE resin lost over 60% of its elastic modulus at room temperature, because of the plasticizing effects of the solvent. A comparison of the DMA...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001602
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... is an element that retards the propagation process and more energy is required to reinitiate its propagation. In the case of columnar grains, the crack is propagated along a continuous straight line without any element that retards propagation. In addition, the columnar grains present an elastic modulus (E...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... The mechanical properties that can be determined from tension tests include, but are not limited to: Elastic deformation properties, that is, the modulus of elasticity (Young’s modulus) and Poisson’s ratio (in some instances). Proportional limit Yield strength and ultimate tensile strength...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003525
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... temperature or time Composition, thermal stability, evolved gas analysis Thermomechanical analysis (TMA) Dimensional changes over temperature Coefficient of thermal expansion, material transitions, molded-in stress, chemical compatibility Dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) Elastic modulus, viscous...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003546
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of damage can occur in a given material and what the damage interactions will be for a given TMF cycle. The general expression for estimating Δ J is given by: (Eq 16) Δ J = Δ K e 2 / E + Δ J p where E is elastic modulus and Δ K e is the elastic stress-intensity parameter...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627082952
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...) AMPCO 45 (old material) AMPCO 25 (suggested) Minimum 851 psi 849 psi Maximum 4.395e + 005 psi 4.395e + 005 psi It can be seen that there are equivalent stress values for the two materials, which is certainly due to two materials having similar modulus of elasticity. However...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001581
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... exposed for three years 58 (8.4) 355 (51) 304 solution annealed 63 (9.1) 298 (43) Note: The yield strength was determined using a modulus of elasticity of 145 GPa (21,000 ksi) at 650 °C (1200 °F). 1 Creep testing was performed at 650 °C (1200 °F) for 150 h with a stress of 69 MPa (10...