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mixed composites

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0048767
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... were revealed at the edges of the weld metal. It was revealed by chemical analysis of this band that a stainless steel filler metal had been used which produced mixed composition at the weld boundaries. The plating material was revealed to be nickel by chemical analysis. It was concluded that clapper...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003572
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article reviews the abrasive and adhesive wear failure of several types of reinforced polymers, including particulate-reinforced polymers, short-fiber reinforced polymers (SFRP), continuous unidirectional fiber reinforced polymers (FRP), particulate-filled composites, mixed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001128
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... crack growth was observed to generally follow the fusion line. A high-magnification SEM micrograph of the fracture surface is shown in Fig. 3 . The surface can be characterized as dimpled fracture mixed with cavities. Fig. 3 Fracture morphology of creep crack growth composite specimen (fusion...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006916
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... and orientation. It also presents examples of failures stemming from material degradation improper use of metal inserts, weak weld lines, insufficient curing of thermosets, and inadequate mixing and impregnation in the case of thermoset composites. injection molding manufacturing-related failures...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
.... The uncracked pipe consisted of soft steel that obviously was made for this purpose, while the cracked pipe consisted of a strongly-hardenable steel which contained not only more carbon and manganese than customary but also a considerable amount of chromium. Therefore, the damage was caused by a mix-up...
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 1 SEM image of flaky metallic contaminants determined to be a mix of steel and aluminum particles by backscatter mode image. (a) Secondary electron imaging mode where particles are not distinguished by composition. (b) Image from backscatter mode, which shows the lower atomic number More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0046160
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
.... Macroscopic, microscopic, and chemical examination revealed composition that was basically within the normal range for 4150 steel. This evidence supports the conclusion that cracking initiated at a location approximately opposite the keyway, and final fracture was due to mixed ductile and brittle fracture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... composition of the sand-cast component was identified via optical emission spectroscopy and is comparable to an aluminum sand-cast alloy, AA 712.0. Metallographic evaluation via optical microscopy and scanning electron microscopy revealed a high degree of porosity in the microstructure as well as the presence...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001362
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... cracking was observed on the turbine disc sides and in the blade attachment areas. The photomicrographs in Fig. 4 show that some of the cracking has initiated from the bottoms of corrosion pits. The cracking morphology is mixed mode, that is, both intergranular (around grain) and transgranular (through...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001324
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... the mixed-mode (transgranular and intergranular) cracking and the secondary fracture surface in cross section. Fig. 4 Typical microstructure of the base metal. (a) Fry's reagent, 77×. (b) Fry's reagent. 616×. Fig. 5 (a) Mixed-mode cracking in cross section. Fry's reagent, 308×. (b) Fracture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0090943
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... and hardness testing, 119x SEM images, and potassium dichromate etched 297x metallographic images) supported the conclusion that the bronze gear cracked via mixed-mode overload, rather than by a progressive mechanism such as fatigue or stress-corrosion cracking. The cracking was not associated with regions...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006864
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... output and select an extruder capable of producing a desired output. The rotating action of the screw mixes the polymer melt so that it has a homogeneous temperature. If a blend or composite mixture is to be created, the screw also disperses the filler phase into the polymer matrix. This can...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001521
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... they are immersed. However, a problem developed when several of the brass tubes cracked transversely, allowing cooling water to mix with the oil. The presence of a tensile stress, intergranular cracks, and a corrosion product suggested the tube failures resulted from stress-corrosion cracking. The main corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0006406
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...) reveal fatigue striations. This clearly shows the flange was cracking by a mixed mode of stress corrosion and fatigue. Chemical analysis of the flange showed that the material met compositional requirements for 7079 aluminum base material. Hardness measurement of 85 HRB showed the material...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... caused ductility loss and grain-boundary separation. The excessive oxygen content in the liner was attributed to diffusion from an oxygen-rich environment that had resulted from nonuniform mixing of propellants. The internal oxygen embrittled the alloy and reduced its thermal conductivity, which resulted...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001846
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... of main shaft and bearing sleeve Fig. 2 Fractured main shaft showing fracture position and surface hardness (HRC) on various journals Investigation Methods The chemical composition of the failed main shaft and bearing sleeve materials was determined by spectroscopy chemical analysis...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001702
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... materials in the concrete confirms the use of beach sand in the concrete mix. Unwashed beach sand was considered earlier to be the source of significant residual levels of salt in the original concrete. The composition of the original concrete included a high amount of cryptocrystalline silica, some...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... problems. The temperature in much of the piston was high enough to cause softening by overaging, lowering strength. Automotive engines Overheating Pistons Softening 357 UNS A03570 Thermal fatigue fracture Mixed-mode fracture High-temperature corrosion and oxidation The sustained high...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003529
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... investigation detects mixed stock. This is not so important to the investigation itself but can be helpful to those who experienced the failure to prevent recurrences. Some information on detection of hydrogen in steels for hydrogen embrittlement evaluation is also provided. Bulk Composition Verification...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0091644
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... microscopy (SEM) examination of the fracture revealed the topography to be intergranular at the initiation site and to a depth of 8.4 mm (0.33 in.) ( Fig. 1c ). The remainder of the fracture showed a mixed topography of cleavage and ductile dimples ( Fig. 1d ). Fig. 1 (a) Parallel lines of corrosion...