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mineral oils

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047998
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
...-type mineral-oil lubricant (containing molybdenum disulfide and polytetrafluoroethylene particles) or grease conforming to MIL-G-81322 (containing thickening agent and synthetic hydrocarbons) and had two-piece spot-welded retainers. On visual examination, the balls were observed to be embedded...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001628
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... operation, the OD of the cylinder was exposed to liquid ammonia refrigerant containing lubricant from the compressor. The lubricant (mineral oil) was intended to separate from the ammonia and be recirculated through the compressor. Nondestructive portable optical microscopy, XRF, EDS, and XPS analyses...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0009190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... Abstract In an industrial application, 24 speed-increaser gearboxes were used to transmit 258 kW (346 hp) and increase speed from 55 to 375 rev/min. The gears were parallel shaft, single helical, carburized, and ground. The splash lubrication system used a mineral oil without antiscuff...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., thin cutoff wheels, hacksaws, band saws, or soft abrasive cutoff wheels flooded with water-based soluble oil solution to keep metal surfaces cool and corrosion-free. Dry cutting with an air-driven abrasive disk may also be used with care to remove small specimens from large parts if kept cool, along...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... are complimentary to each other. Quantitative WDS is used extensively in process and quality control of metals, ceramics, cement, minerals, glass, and so on. The method can also identify and quantify defects and imperfections, inclusions, and anomalies in a sample. In corrosion debris samples, the quantitative...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... materials generally have higher erosion rates than ductile materials have. Long incubation periods and important attenuation stages have been observed in titanium alloys. ( Fig. 18 ). Fig. 18 Erosion rate of metals in mineral oil (frequency = 20 kHz; specimen mounted in vibration horn; vibration...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001702
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... removed, steel rebar sandblasted; some rebar primed with epoxy; other rebar coated with inorganic zinc coating; patch constructed; patch concrete cast around rebar; concrete surface sealed with linseed oil; steel rocker assemblies sand blasted and painted. (Note: no details about the mix design...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... that has high thermal conductivity. The third solution to the thermal problem also offers resistance to cold flow. For these purposes, the polymer can be filled and reinforced with particles or fibers of glass, metal, and minerals. However, these fillers usually cause more wear of the shaft than...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... by Zobell isolated sulfate-reducing bacteria that grew at 104 °C (219 °F) and pressures of 10 MPa (1450 psi) from oil-bearing geological formations deep underground. Microbial communities exist in environments as diverse as subzero snowfields and deep ocean thermal vents. Halophiles that have evolved...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003564
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... The ball-on-plate machine was employed. Steel balls revolving around an inner race were loaded against a flat testpiece. The maximum contact stress was 6.4 GPa (0.93 × 10 6 psi), the rotational test speed was 1400 rpm, and the lubricant was a turbine mineral oil. Spalling was identified as the most common...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... abrasion, high- and low-stress abrasion, impact abrasion, grinding abrasion, and so on. The more precise terminology for some of these classifications is further explained subsequently. In the excavation, earthmoving, mining, and mineral processing industries, the following broad classifications have...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... for the Australian Minerals Industry , Vol 1 , Australian Minerals Industries Research Association Limited , 1988 11. Moore M.A. , Abrasive Wear , Fundamentals of Friction and Wear of Materials , Rigney D.A. , Ed., American Society for Metals , 1981 , p 73 – 118 12. Murray M.J...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of temperature, pressure, salinity, and pH ( Ref 1 ). In the 1950s, pioneering work by Zobell isolated sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) that grew at 104 °C (219 °F) and pressures of 1000 bar from oil-bearing geological formations deep underground ( Ref 15 ). Microbial communities exist in environments as diverse...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006766
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... method require higher skill levels than other OES methods. The use of one or more mineral acids in varying proportions is necessary to produce complete digestion for the range of ferrous and nonferrous materials typically encountered. The use of microwave-assisted acid digestion usually improves...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001836
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... condition as shown in Fig. 10 . The presence of oil/ grease on these plates will help the small pieces of Cu-alloy to get stuck on the plate surface. These small pieces of Cu-alloy will get pressed in and embedded during pipe forming and appear as Cu-alloy streaks on the pipe OD surface. Fig. 10 Cu...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003525
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... been used exclusively in conjunction with deionized water. The failed part had been injection molded from a 30% glass-fiber- and mineral-reinforced nylon 12 resin. A housing used in conjunction with an electrical switch failed shortly after being placed into service. A relatively high failure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... K01201 Introduction Material and Procedure Results Discussion Conclusion References References 1. Larson T.E. , Skold R.V. : Laboratory studies relating mineral water quality to corrosion of steel and cast irons . Corrosion 14 , 285 – 288 ( 1958 ) 10.5006/0010...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... brakes subject to wet conditions or in relatively aggressive environments such as saline water due to deicing salts and dirt ( Fig. 1b ), and ore chutes in mineral-processing plants, where moist ore particles slide on an inclined platform and chute. Note that the example in Fig. 1(b) can also...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003555
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... composition, time, and gas composition. High-temperature corrosive environments may include power-generation plants (coal, oil, natural gas, and nuclear), pulp and paper mills, waste incineration sites, numerous industrial chemical processes, diesel engines (power, land vehicle, and maritime), and gas turbine...