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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0091726
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...Abstract Abstract In January 1965, a Reaction Control System (RCS) pressure vessel (titanium alloy Ti-6Al-4V) on an Apollo spacecraft cracked in six adjacent locations. It used N2O4 for vehicle attitude control through roll, pitch, and yaw engines, and was protected from the N2O4 by a Teflon...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...Abstract Abstract Cartridge-pneumatic starter systems are used on military aircraft. In the cartridge mode used for alert starts, the starter turbine is driven by hot gases produced through the controlled burning of a solid propellant cartridge within a closed chamber (the breech chamber...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...Abstract Abstract Military aircraft use a cartridge ignition system for emergency engine starts. Analysis of premature failures of steel (AISI 4340) breech chambers in which the solid propellant cartridges were burned identified corrosion as one problem with an indication that stress-corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... of operation after the “mild stall” inspection. The damaged blade fractures and initiates the damage in the other components. The authors are grateful to Dennis S. Eliasen, Darrel Olson and W. Doug Pridemore, GE-Aviation military system, for discussion and responses. Sincere appreciation is due...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003504
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... or system is expected to operate Operational consequences A category of failure consequences that adversely affect the operational capability of a physical asset or system (output, product quality, customer service, military capability, or operating costs in addition to the cost of repair) Owner...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001024
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract A Marine Corps helicopter crash was investigated. Efforts were directed to the failure of one of the main rotor blades that had apparently separated in the air. The apparent failure of a blade integrity monitor (BIM) system was also considered. The rotor blade comprised a long...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001706
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... of the pit. The crack reached the critical size and caused failure by stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) under static loading conditions in service. The failed beam was protected by a well adhering paint system. However, the presence of adequate amounts of corrosion preventive compound films (CPC...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003515
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Information System (ASSIST) [database online] (Philadelphia, Department of Defense Single Stock Point for Military Specifications and Standards, DODSSP, 2002 , [cited April 2002 ]), available at http://dodssp.daps.mil/assist.htm 32. Defense Standardization Program, in Department of Defense Resource...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001295
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... subjected to dynamic loading. It was concluded that dynamic shock loading transmitted by the target during unsteady flight conditions was the major cause of failure. Recommendations emphasized the need for a suitable shock absorber to be fitted at the constant-tensioning device of the winch system...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001906
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...Abstract Abstract Suspension lugs fabricated from AISI 4340 steel used to facilitate loading of bombs onto the underside of military aircraft could not sustain required loads during routine proof load testing. Three failed lugs underwent visual examination, chemical analysis, metallography...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
.... The wear had been caused by incorrect machining of the shaft splines, which prevented the bevel gear nut from locating correctly against the gear. Aerospace engines Aircraft components Bevel gears Drives Engine components Jet planes Military planes Splines 16 NCD 13 Fretting wear...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... growth rate data to be determined for the configuration of interest. Crack propagation Fatigue life Jet planes Military planes Wings (aircraft) AU4SG Fatigue fracture Background Visual Examination of General Physical Features Testing Procedure and Results Discussion Conclusion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract Several compressor disks in military fighter and trainer aircraft gas turbine engines cracked prematurely in the bolt hole regions. The disks were made of precipitation-hardened AM355 martensitic stainless steel. Experimental and analytical work was performed on specimens from...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003503
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... provisions in case the failure should occur. A structured approach to the FMEA ensures that all appropriate failure modes are analyzed, that the system satisfies its fault mitigation requirements, and that these requirements are properly allocated. The FMEA methodology can be usefully employed throughout...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001843
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... destined to operate in cold climates, like telecommunication base stations (cell phone towers), automotives (Sno-Cats), military (weapons systems), space (satellites), and outdoor recreation electronics. A dark powder consistency to a lead-free tin solder joint, along with a ready lack of any signs...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003512
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... on life assessment concerns Failure Year Reason for failure Life assessment developments Titanic ( Ref 4 ) 1912 Ship hits iceberg and watertight compartments rupture. Improvement in steel grades Safety procedures established for lifeboats Warning systems established for icebergs...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003505
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., or strict liability. All three are predicated on the fault system (i.e., a person whose conduct causes injury to another is required to fully and fairly compensate the injured party). The basic method of imposing liability on a defendant requires the plaintiff to prove that the defendant acted...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001756
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... – 699 . https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543 Military gas turbine engines operate at extremely severe operating conditions with high throttle excursion and under arduous environmental conditions. This often leads to premature failures of engine components and turbine blades in particular...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006797
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... Macroscopic suggestions of a fatigue crack could be explained by geometric stress concentrators. A component of a piping system is erroneously fabricated from the wrong material and is in the process of failing prematurely by a combination of corrosion, erosion, and wear. The plant in which this component...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... A curved member called a slat track ( Fig. 10 ), which supported the extendable portion of the leading edge of the wing on a military aircraft, failed by bending at one end after very short service. It was estimated that the slat track, fabricated from heat treated 4140 steel, had undergone only one high...