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microstructural evolution models

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006781
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... deformation, creep, microstructural evolution, and surface damage such as oxidation. Inelastic deformation occurs as a result of dislocation movement. What separates inelastic deformation from plastic deformation is that inelastic deformation is time-independent, while plastic deformation may include both...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
....2011.08.012 32. Slack T. and Sadeghi F. , Explicit Finite Element Modeling of Subsurface Initiated Spalling in Rolling Contacts , Tribol. Int. , Vol 43 ( No. 9 ), 2010 , p 1693 – 1702 10.1016/j.triboint.2010.03.019 33. Voskamp A.P. , “ Microstructural Changes during...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003515
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... , Materials Evaluation , Vol 59 , 2001 , p 866 – 870 21. Gray J.N. , Gray T.A. , Nakagawa N. , and Thompson R.B. , Models for Predicting NDE Reliability , Nondestructive Evaluation and Quality Control , Vol 17 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1989 , p 702 – 715 22...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... suffered by the polycrystalline arrangement [ 1 ]. Two mechanisms are considered to take place in the material: grain boundary migration and grain boundary shearing/sliding. Theoretic and microstructural models agree that the most important feature of this behavior is the grain boundary sliding (GBS...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001840
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... direct deposition of Inconel 625 superalloy: microstructural evolution and thermal stability . Mater. Sci. Eng. A 509 , 98 – 104 ( 2009 ) 10.1016/j.msea.2009.01.009 4. Ramirez A.J. , Lippold J.C. : High temperature behavior of Ni-base weld metal Part II—insight into the mechanism...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006829
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... , A Microstructure-Based Wear Model for Grid-to-Rod Fretting of Clad Nuclear Fuel Rods , Wear , Vol 426–427 , 2019 , p 750 – 759 10.1016/j.wear.2019.01.056 27. Antler M. , Electrical Effects of Fretting Connector Contact Materials: A Review , Wear , Vol 106 , 1985 , p 5 – 33 10.1016/0043-1648...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003565
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... , velocity Fig. 4 Schematic diagrams of the different mechanisms of impact wear. Source: Ref 11 Fig. 5 Evolution of impact wear mechanisms as conditions in a contact become more severe Fig. 6 Schematic diagram of the formation of an adhesive transfer particle Fig. 7...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and Oxides in Perspective , Wear , Vol 100 , 1984 , p 315 – 331 10.1016/0043-1648(84)90019-X 47. Ajayi O.O. , Hershberger J. , Zhang J. , Yoon H. , and Fenske G.R. , Microstructural Evolution during Scuffing of Hardened 4340 Steel—Implication for Scuffing Mechanism...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and customer satisfaction defined by the new management systems. The cultural aspect is critical, as those who have identified problems must be encouraged to come forward. Furthermore, resources and commitment are required to formulate the solutions and implement necessary changes. Problem-Solving Models...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003566
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., which subsequently transforms to martensite as a result of the quenching action of the colder surroundings. The microstructural evolution of shear bands in annealed (95 HRB) 1060 steel is shown in Fig. 21 ( Ref 5 ). Adiabatic shear bands in the same steel but with a hardness of 45 HRC are shown...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627082952
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... reaction is the evolution of hydrogen gas according to Eq 4 . This also applies to corrosion in other acids such as sulfuric, phosphoric, hydrofluoric, and water-soluble organic acids such as formic and acetic. In each case, only the hydrogen ion is active, the other ions such as sulfate, phosphate...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003546
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... types of loading: in-phase and out-of-phase cycling. The article illustrates the ways in which damage can interact at high and low temperatures and the development of microstructurally based models in parametric form. It presents a case study of the prediction of residual life in a turbine casing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... be encouraged to come forward. Furthermore, resources and commitment are required to formulate the solutions and implement necessary changes. Problem-Solving Models A wide range of problem-solving methods and models are available in the literature ( Ref 6 – 8 , 10 – 14 ), presenting various details...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003526
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Fig. 1 Common types of finite elements used in modeling with examples. (a) Beam spar elements used to construct, for example, a beam element model. (b) Two-dimensional solid-model element with example. (c) Two-dimensional axisymmetric solid-model element with example. (d) Three-dimensional...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... is the evolution of hydrogen gas according to Eq 4. This also applies to corrosion in other acids, such as sulfuric, phosphoric, and hydrofluoric, and water-soluble organic acids, such as formic and acetic. In each case, only the hydrogen ion is active; the other ions, such as sulfate, phosphate, and acetate, do...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006773
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... analysis. This article provides a general view on the applicability of finite-element modeling in conducting analyses of failed components. It highlights the uses of finite-element modeling in the area of failure analysis and design, with emphasis on structural analysis. The discussion covers the general...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003517
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., microstructural evaluations, the creep cavitation damage assessment, the oxide-scale-based life prediction, and high-temperature crack growth methods. coating evaluation creep cavitation damage assessment elevated-temperature failure gas turbine blade hardness testing high-temperature crack growth...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003536
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... ). Quantitative characterization of the microstructural damage evolution is useful for understanding the local fracture processes at lower length scales and their contributions to the global fracture. Such data are required for development of internal state variables-based predictive fracture models...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
...Abstract Abstract A natural gas pipeline explosion and subsequent fire significantly altered the pipeline steel microstructure, obscuring in part the primary cause of failure, namely, coating breakdown at a local hard spot in the steel. Chemical analysis was made on pieces cut from the portion...