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microstructural effects

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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 30 Micrographs showing the effects of overheating and burning on microstructures of copper forgings. (a) Overheated copper C10200 forging showing oxides (black particles). The forging was heated to 1025 °C (1875 °F). (b) Burning (black outlines) at grain boundaries of a copper C11000 More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 13 Effect of microstructural constitutional variation on volume changes during tempering More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 10 General trends indicating effect of microstructure of a composite and the properties of fillers on adhesive wear of composites. p , applied pressure; H M , hardness of matrix. AP, P, and N refer to orientations of fibers with respect to sliding direction: AP, antiparallel; P More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 12 Effect of microstructure and hardness on the abrasion resistance of steels: high-stress abrasion, alumina abrasive. Source: Ref 7 More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 3 Microstructure of the as-received condition showing thermal effect at various inner-wall locations along the length of the motor case (200×, maraging etch). More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 8 Effect of composition on microstructure, radial sections in groove, etch: Picral. Cap of hypoeutectic cast iron. 3 × More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 9 Effect of composition on microstructure, radial sections in groove, etch: Picral. Cap core structure according to Fig. 8 . 200 × More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 10 Effect of composition on microstructure, radial sections in groove, etch: Picral. Cap of hypereutectic cast iron. 3 × More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 11 Effect of composition on microstructure, radial sections in groove, etch: Picral. Cap core structure according to Fig. 10 . 200 × More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 12 Effect of microstructure and hardness on the abrasion resistance of steels: high-stress abrasion, alumina abrasive. Source: Ref 7 More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001269
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... homogenization of the carbides in the resultant hob, and lower sulfur content. Carbides Coatings Hobbing cutters Microstructural effects Sulfur Wear M2 UNS T11302 Brittle fracture Background A gear manufacturer reported recurring premature failures of titanium nitrided M2 tool steel gear...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001337
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... with chromium additions such as ASTM A213 Grade T11 or T22, which are resistant to graphitization damage. Boiler tubes Creep (materials) Graphitization, Heating effects Mechanical properties Microstructural effects Overheating ASTM A209 grade T1 UNS K11522 High-temperature corrosion and oxidation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... failures, and undesired surface layers and metallurgical factors contributing to (in-service) machined part failures. The second part of the article discusses the effects of microstructure on machining failures and their preventive measures. machined part failures machining microstructure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001198
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... and the ferritic microstructure caused thereby are a consequence of delayed solidification due to undercooling. The ferrite formation may have been further accelerated by the annealing. This structure showed low strength that had a particular damaging effect on the bottom of the groove at high operating stress...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of impingement angle on erosive wear. Source: Ref 12 Properties of the Wear Material The properties of the wearing material that influence wear behavior are grouped into the following categories: mechanical properties, microstructure effects, and other properties (corrosion resistance, friction...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... The properties of the wearing material that influence wear behavior are grouped into the following categories: mechanical properties, microstructure effects, and other properties (corrosion resistance, friction, thermal effects). Because abrasive wear is primarily a mechanical process, particularly...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001759
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... solutions were identified and then validated based on chemical analysis, endurance and hardness tests, and microstructural examination. The investigation revealed that carbonitriding can effectively eliminate the type of failure encountered because it prevents through hardening of the bearing cup assembly...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003510
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article provides an overview of the effects of various material- and process-related parameters on residual stress, distortion control, cracking, and microstructure/property relationships as they relate to various types of failure. It discusses phase transformations that occur...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... determination of tempering extent by optical means. There was no discernible shot-peening effect on the microstructure near the wire surface. Metallographic analysis was not performed on either the new or heavily used spring. Fig. 5 Optical micrograph of representative microstructure of one spring...
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 34 Effect of ductility on life-fraction estimates. CrMoV (ductile) is a ferric microstructure with approximately 15% elongation (high ductility) under long-term service conditions. CrMoV (brittle) is a bainitic microstructure with 3.5% elongation (low ductility). 2 1 4 Cr-1Mo More