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microhardness testing

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001680
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
..., fractography, and microhardness testing were used to gain an understanding of the failure mechanism. Wire failures occurred predominantly at characteristic wear sites between strands. These wear sites are identifiable by a large reduction in diameter; however, reduction in area was not responsible...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0047080
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... to the desired curvature, preheated, then solution treated, water quenched, and then aged for 8 to 10 h. Analysis (visual inspection, slow-bend testing, 65x macrographic analysis, macroetching, spectrographic analysis, hardness tests, microhardness tests, tension tests, and microscopic examination) supported...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001844
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... the remaining surfaces, protected by an anti-carburizing coating, stay unchanged. Based on extensive testing, including metallographic examination, microstructural analysis, microhardness testing, and spectroscopy, the oil hole was not protected as required, evidenced by the presence of a case layer...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001837
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... Although no cracks were found when the welds were visually inspected, X-ray radiography showed small discontinuous surface cracks adjacent to the weld bead in the heat affected zone. Further investigation, including optical microscopy, microhardness testing, and residual stress measurements, revealed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001314
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... of the horizontal axis coils. Visual examination of the inside of the tubing indicated the presence of a carbonaceous deposit resulting from decomposition of the heat-exchanging fluid. Subsequent metallographic examination and microhardness testing indicated that the steel was heated to a temperature above...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract Rotor blades in the compressor section of a J79 engine had failed. Optical, stereoscopic, microhardness testing, and SEM examinations were conducted to determine the cause. The blades were made of STS403 and were used uncoated. They were damaged over an extensive area, from...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001269
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Abstract Abstract Recurring, premature failures occurred in TiN-coated M2 gear hobs used to produce carbon steel ring gears. Fractographic and metallographic examination, microhardness testing, and chemical analysis by means of EDS revealed that the primary cause of failure was a coarse...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c9001631
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... from comparison against standards and specifications to comparison against similar products obtained from other manufacturers. After review of various analysis methodologies, the following tests were used to compare the various groups of fishhooks: Chemistry Microhardness testing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001910
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... on the individual components: visual examination, surface finish, dimensional verification, magnetic particle inspection, metallography, chemical analysis, microhardness testing, macrohardness testing, coating thickness (where applicable), decarburization measurement (where applicable), case depth (where applicable...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001618
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... (SEM), energy-dispersive spectroscopy, Vickers microhardness, Rockwell macrohardness, and tensile tests. The optical microscopy etchant was nital (2% HNO 3 ). Chicago Spectrographic Laboratory performed chemistry analysis. The analysis techniques included x-ray fluorescence, glow discharge spectroscopy...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001754
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... diameter—0.4688″. Cage material: AMS 6415 (4340 steel), 28–35 HRC, Silver plated per AMS 2412. During the investigation, segments from each bearing component were excised for general material characterization involving hardness and chemical analysis. Hardness was tested with a microhardness tester...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001645
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... of the case and core regions, the polished samples were etched in 3% nital (3 ml HNO 3 in 97 ml ethanol) and observed in a light microscope at 1000× magnification. For corroborating phase identity, Vickers microhardness tests were carried out in a pneumatically actuated, electronically controlled...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001092
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
..., and surface-spalled zones. The section was metallographically prepared and used for microscopic study and microhardness testing. Drillings were taken from the core of the shaft for chemical analysis. Metallographic examination corroborated that the shaft as carburized and heat treated as specified. Both...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... penetration of corrosion attack. Hardness Because there was no indication of the involvement of mechanical factors in the failure, microhardness measurements were performed only as a check. Table 1 presents the results, which indicated a softening of the HAZ. Results of microhardness testing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... 0.0.26 0.05 (max) Silicon 0.24 0.10–0.30 Hardness Microhardness tests (Knoop, 1 kg load) conducted on the metallographic samples showed that the hardness of the material under the face (converted to the Rockwell C scale) was 51 to 52 HRC, well within the allowable range of 45 to 60 HRC...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001849
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... damage and spalling [ 8 ]. Fragments from spalled straightening rolls were brought from a steel mill for failure analysis. Visual inspection, macro-and microfractography along with optical microscopy and microhardness testing were used to determine the cause of the observed spalling. Cleaning...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001842
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... analysis, microhardness and tensile testing, stress calculations, and vibration measurements. Based on the results, the roll fracture was attributed to high-cycle fatigue associated with a plug weld over one of the five threaded fasteners added to secure a balance weight inside the roll. The balance weight...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001770
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... analysis, and microhardness, tensile, and impact testing. The results revealed transgranular cracks in the HAZ and base plate, likely initiated by stresses developed during welding and the presence of chloride from seawater used in the plant. It was also found that the repair weld was improperly done, nor...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0090181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... to 0.41 mm (0.016 in.). Evaluation by SEM confirmed the difference in structure was associated with a lack of formation of coarse gamma prime structure in the matrix. Microhardness and miniature tensile test results indicated lower strength consistent with the absence of the coarse gamma prime constituent...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001356
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Tables 3 and 4 list results of the mechanical property and microhardness tests. These tests confirmed that the ring was at the upper end of the normal scatterband in tensile and yield strength for 18 Mn-5Cr rings, resulting in lower than normal toughness. Mechanical property test results Table 3...