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microbiologically influenced corrosion

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001704
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
.... The examinations revealed a classic case of microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC), which preferentially attacked the heat affected zones of the tank welds, resulting in the leaks. Heat affected zone Leakage Water tanks Welded joints 304 UNS S30400 Biological corrosion The experienced...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract This article focuses on the mechanisms of microbiologically influenced corrosion as a basis for discussion on the diagnosis, management, and prevention of biological corrosion failures in piping, tanks, heat exchangers, and cooling towers. It begins with an overview of the scope...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... to microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) were analyzed to determine if any of the failures could have been avoided or at least predicted. The failures represent a diversity of applications involving typical materials, primarily stainless steel and copper alloys, in contact with a variety of liquids, chemistries...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001683
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Abstract Corrosion in a closed-loop cooling water system constructed of austenitic stainless steel occurred during an extended lay up of the system with biologically contaminated water. The characteristics of the failure were those of microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC). The corrosion...
Image
Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 25 (a) Inner diameter surface of pipe with microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) and leak location identified. (b) Higher-magnification view of pitting caused by MIC, from area identified by rectangle in (a). (c) Optical micrograph of cross section near leak area, identified More
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article focuses on the mechanisms of microbially induced or influenced corrosion (MIC) of metallic materials as an introduction to the recognition, management, and prevention of microbiological corrosion failures in piping, tanks, heat exchangers, and cooling towers. It discusses...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0091806
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... in Underground Brass Pipes ; Biologically Induced Corrosion , Dexter S.C. , Ed., National Association of Corrosion Engineers , 1986 , p 102 – 108 2. Yoffe P. , Microbiologically Influenced Failures of Cupronickel and Aluminum Brass Condenser Tubes: Comparison of Real Cases , Proc. 1995...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0091807
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... in the lake water. Copper amine complexes were identified in the surface deposits, and nitrate and oxygen in the incoming water were considered as accelerating factors for the cracking process. Reference Reference 1. Rao T.S. and Nair K.V.K. , Microbiologically Influenced Stress...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001064
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
..., analysis of hydrotest waters, and microbiological examination of slime that had formed in certain pipework sections. It was determined that the failure resulted from microbially induced corrosion promoted by the use of poor-quality hydrotest water and uncontrolled hydrotesting practice. Use of appropriate...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.9781627081801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... megagram MIC microbiologically influenced corrosion MPa megapascal mph miles per hour MS mass spectroscopy MSD multiple-site damage MSDS materials safety data sheet MVC microvoid coalescence n strain-hardening exponent n curve-fitting parameter n cyclic strain hardening exponent nm nanometer N fatigue...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... the chemical composition of surface residue. Various techniques may be used, including energy-dispersive spectroscopy, x-ray diffraction, or gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Where microbiologically influenced corrosion is suspected as a possible cause or contributor to a failure, deposit samples should...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... corrosion prevention crevice corrosion dealloying corrosion galvanic corrosion intergranular corrosion microbiologically influenced corrosion pitting selective leaching uniform corrosion velocity-affected corrosion CORROSION is the electrochemical reaction of a material and its environment...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... These factors combine to make localized corrosion mechanisms insidious. If undetected they can lead to catastrophic system failures. Certain environments induce specific corrosion failure modes. Hydrogen damage, liquid- and solid-metal-induced embrittlement, biologically and microbiologically influenced...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006813
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... a description of heat-transfer surface area, discussing the design of the tubular heat exchanger. Next, the article discusses the processes involved in the examination of failed parts. Finally, it describes the most important types of corrosion, including uniform, galvanic, pitting, stress, and erosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0091809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... a widespread potential for MIC wherever conditions permit microbial growth on aluminum or its alloys. Reference Reference 1. Hagenauer A. , Hilpert R. , and Hack T. , Microbiological Investigations of Corrosion Damage in Aircraft , Werkst. Korros. , Vol 45 , 1994 , p 355 – 360...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001648
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... ); fracture surface features at location away from areas of corrosive attack. Mixture of quasi-cleavage with limited amounts of intergranular fracture showing directional orientation influenced by MnS stringers. 250 × Fig. 24 Micrograph S4 ( Fig. 14 ); features at apex of V-shaped pattern observed...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., a failure analysis incorrectly ends at the identification of the failure mechanism and perhaps causal influences. The principles of root-cause analysis (RCA) may be applied to ensure that the root cause is understood and appropriate corrective actions may be identified. An RCA exercise may simply...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., and material, which are discussed in the following sections along with examples. The tools available for failure analysis are then covered. Further, the article describes the categories of mode of failure: distortion or undesired deformation, fracture, corrosion, and wear. It provides information...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... embrittlement, microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC), and high-temperature corrosion are also addressed in this Section. While categorizing local corrosion by form, mechanism, or environment helps understand the corrosion, failures are often attributed to a combination of modes. The combination...