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Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003529
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... spectrometry, and wavelength-dispersive spectrometry. The article concludes with information on specimen handling. backscattered electron imaging economy test elemental composition analysis energy-dispersive spectrometry failure analysis metals microchemical analysis referee test specimen...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006766
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Identification of alloys using quantitative chemical analysis is an essential step during a metallurgical failure analysis process. There are several methods available for quantitative analysis of metal alloys, and the analyst should carefully approach selection of the method used...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... propagation fractography metals microscale models root-cause failure analysis specimen preparation void coalescence void nucleation THE CONCEPT OF DUCTILE AND BRITTLE BEHAVIOR generally applies to the macroscopic scale. However, there is no universally accepted transition point from ductile...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003538
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... geometric factors and materials aspects that influence the stress-strain behavior and fracture of ductile metals. It highlights fractures arising from manufacturing imperfections and stress raisers. The article presents a root cause failure analysis case history to illustrate some of the fractography...
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Microstructures of weld metals in T joints of ASTM A285, grade B, steel. (a) Submerged arc weld in a galvanizing vat that failed by molten-zinc corrosion along elongated ferrite bands such as those shown. Etched with 2% nital. 100x. (b) Multiple-pass manual shielded metal arc weld More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 2 Sketch from the Metals Handbook introductory failure analysis article. Source: Ref 1 More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 8 Free energy diagram for the formation of sulfides of various metals. Source: Ref 3 More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 11 Examples of fracture surfaces in face-centered cubic (fcc) metals. (a) Austenitic 316L stainless steel with variable sizes of equiaxed/tensile dimples. 690×. Courtesy of Mohan Chaudhari, Columbus Metallurgical Services. (b) 2014-T6 aluminum alloy where unstable rapid fracture exhibits More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 21 Simplified deformation behavior (Ashby) maps of unalloyed annealed metals with (a) face-centered cubic crystal structure and (b) body-centered cubic crystal structure. Engineering alloys may behave somewhat differently than unalloyed metals, but these general trends are relatively More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 4 Notch sensitivity versus notch radius for various metals. Approximate values (note shaded band). Not verified for deep notches thickness/radius. Source: Ref 9 More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 16 Galvanic attack at a water pipe joint involving dissimilar metals More
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Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 35 Three micromechanisms of fracture in metals. (a) Ductile fracture. (b) Cleavage fracture. (c) Intergranular fracture. Source: Ref 42 More
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003554
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract Metal-induced embrittlement is a phenomenon in which the ductility or fracture stress of a solid metal is reduced by surface contact with another metal in either liquid or solid form. This article summarizes the characteristics of solid metal induced embrittlement (SMIE) and liquid...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Metal-induced embrittlement is a phenomenon in which the ductility or the fracture stress of a solid metal is reduced by surface contact with another metal in either the liquid or solid form. This article summarizes some of the characteristics of liquid-metal- and solid-metal-induced...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001643
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Abstract A crumpled piece of sheet metal had two cracks in a T-junction shape. The relative locations of shear lips in the cracks allowed deduction of which crack happened first, and which direction the cracks propagated. Cracking (fracturing) Sheet metal Sheet metal Ductile fracture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001184
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Abstract Examples of metallic inclusions in steels of various types are presented. The structure of an inclusion in an annealed Fe-1C-1.5Cr steel consisted of ferrite with lamellar pearlite. The carbon content of the inclusion was therefore considerably lower than that of the chromium steel...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... (schematic). (a) Classic Moore hip endoprosthesis. (b) Müller total hip prosthesis (metal against polyethylene acetabular cap). (c) Weber total hip prosthesis with movable head and metal, ceramic, and polyethylene components. (d) Müller total hip prosthesis with straight stem. (e) Hinge-like knee joint...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001415
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... Abstract In the course of a general overhaul, the crankpins and main journals (3 in. diam) of the crankshaft of a four-cylinder oil engine were built up by metal spraying. Four weeks later, the shaft broke through the pin remote from the flywheel (driving) end. The fracture was of the fatigue...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006838
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Abstract This article provides an overview of metal additive manufacturing (AM) processes and describes sources of failures in metal AM parts. It focuses on metal AM product failures and potential solutions related to design considerations, metallurgical characteristics, production...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001712
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... to account for the dimensional change observed in the failed rolls. This paper details the failure analysis and resulting research it inspired. It also provides recommendations for cast material choice in highly nitriding atmospheres. Metal powders Nitrogen absorption Reduction furnaces Rolls...