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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... aspects of creep-related failures, where the mechanical strength of a material becomes limited by creep rather than by its elastic limit. The majority of information provided is applicable to metallic materials, and only general information regarding creep-related failures of polymeric materials is given...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001297
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... was recovered and there was no strike damage evident. Pertinent Specifications The blade was constructed of 2014 aluminum alloy heat treated to the T-652 condition. The spar shank was hollow and the cavity was filled with lead wool ballast material. The cavity was sealed with a thermoset material...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article focuses on the mechanisms of microbially induced or influenced corrosion (MIC) of metallic materials as an introduction to the recognition, management, and prevention of microbiological corrosion failures in piping, tanks, heat exchangers, and cooling towers...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003533
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) is one of the most versatile instruments for investigating the microstructure of metallic materials. This article highlights the development of SEM technology and describes the operation of basic systems in an SEM, including the electron...
Image
Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 15 Time-temperature-transformation diagram for Inconel 718. Adapted from Ref 37 . Copyright 1991 by The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society. Used with permission More
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003516
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., which employs the stress-life method of fatigue life assessment. The article examines the behavior of three different metallic materials used in the design and manufacture of structural components: steel, aluminum, and titanium. It also reviews the effects of retardation and spectrum load on component...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c9001610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... is to correlate possible defects observed in the jewelry with the occurrence of adverse reactions. Investigation Due to the lack of specific standards for body-piercing material, this investigation compared results to the ISO standards for metallic materials used in implants for surgery. 7 Six samples...
Image
Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 17 Summary of stress ( S ) versus cycles to failure ( N ) ( S - N ) data for laser powder-bed fusion (PBF), electron beam melting (EBM) PBF, and directed-energy deposition (DED) wire at R = 0.1. Metallic Materials Properties Development and Standardization (MMPDS) data for cast or wrought More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001411
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... of cracking in service. The filler metal used was not resistant to the conditions to which it was exposed. Copper welding rods as per BS 1077 or a Cu-Ag-P brazing alloy as recommended in BS 699, would have been preferable. Dezincification Filler metals Materials selection Water pipelines Welded...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... material (A-234, grade WPB), and the weld metal deposit (assumed to be E7018). Table 1 compares the chemical analysis results with specifications. In each instance, the results fell within the requirements of the quoted specification. Typical chemical compositions of A-106 grade B carbon steel, A-234...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001910
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
..., Source Book on Maraging Steels , American Society for Metals , Materials Park, OH , 1979 , p. 370 . 2. Vishnevsky C. : Interim Report—Contract DAAG 46–69-C-0060 , Army Materials and Mechanics Research Center , February 1970 , p. 34 . 3. Anon. : in Carburizing and Carbonitriding...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001792
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... of a metallurgical failure analysis is to determine the root cause of failure. Whether dealing with metallic or non-metallic materials, the root cause can normally be assigned to design, materials, manufacturing, and/or maintenance problems. Often, several adverse conditions also contribute to the failure process...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003537
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... related interest in quantitative assessment of load carrying capability as predicted by fracture mechanics (and vice versa). The coupling probably first became obvious when Griffith's model for brittle fracture was applied to the study of cleavage fracture in metallic materials in 1954...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... different etching treatments). 200 × These observations indicate that this is a typical case of transcrystalline stress corrosion. Stress corrosion cracks are formed in metallic materials susceptible to stress corrosion, under the influence of specific corrosive media, only when...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... mechanisms of cavitation failure are considered: those for ductile materials and those for brittle materials. Ductile Failure Mechanism Ductile failure mechanism is observed for most engineering metallic materials that are not very sensitive to strain rate ( Fig. 2 ). Metals with a face-centered cubic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... ( Fig. 7 ), if present, are macroscopic surface features that indicate the region of crack initiation and propagation direction. They are common and dominant macroscopic features of the fracture of wrought metallic materials but are often absent or poorly defined in castings. The “v” of a chevron points...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of manufacturing and material characteristics can act singly or combine synergistically to reduce the strength, ductility, and toughness of metallic materials. These factors must also be considered in the evaluation and prevention of overload failures. Therefore, throughout this article, the term overload failure...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the strength, ductility, and toughness of metallic materials. These factors must also be considered in the evaluation and prevention of overload failures. Therefore, throughout this article, the term overload failure is intended to imply fracture due to stresses exceeding the capacity of the material, whether...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and forgings, weld heat-affected zones, and precious metals where small amounts of material are available. In addition, characterizing the mechanical behavior of anisotropic materials often requires compression testing. For isotropic polycrystalline materials, compressive behavior is correctly assumed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001804
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... , Titanium and titanium alloys, biomaterials of preference . Mèmoires et É tudes Scientifiques Revue de Métallurgie , Octobre , 1989 , pp. 625 – 637 6. ISO 5832-1:2007 , Implants for surgery—Metallic materials—Part 1: Wrought stainless steel , Part 2: Commercially pure titanium, part 3: Titanium...