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metallic implant materials

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001803
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... ,” Materials Characterization , Vol 10 , Metals Handbook , 9th ed. , American Society for Metals , Metals Park, OH , 1986 , pp. 668 – 694 . 31. Dumplenton J.H. and Miller E.H. : “ Failure of Metallic Orthopaedic Implants ,” in Metals Handbook , 8th ed. , ASM International...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... implants. In this article, the term degradation will be associated with the surface attack of implants. Metallic Implant Materials A number of metals and alloys have proven to be satisfactory as implant materials during years of surgical application. They are specified as implant materials...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c9001610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... is to correlate possible defects observed in the jewelry with the occurrence of adverse reactions. Investigation Due to the lack of specific standards for body-piercing material, this investigation compared results to the ISO standards for metallic materials used in implants for surgery. 7 Six samples...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c9001606
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
... weeks or months, the fixation implant is usually surgically removed, because the presence of the higher-elastic-modulus metal support may hinder the repaired bone development if it is retained in place. From the mechanical/metallurgical perspective, in addition to the basic requirement of excellent...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001804
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.../BF00416827 5. Breme J. , Titanium and titanium alloys, biomaterials of preference . Mèmoires et É tudes Scientifiques Revue de Métallurgie , Octobre , 1989 , pp. 625 – 637 6. ISO 5832-1:2007 , Implants for surgery—Metallic materials—Part 1: Wrought stainless steel , Part 2...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c9001690
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
... the weight of the patient, while cyclic loads can total up to 3 × 10 6 cycles per year. 4 The premature failure of metallic implants can be influenced by several factors, including mechanical design, material selection, manufacturing practice, medical installation procedure, postoperative...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... failures. The most common metals used in implants are stainless steel (iron-base alloys), cobalt-base alloys, pure titanium, and titanium-base alloys (Ti-6Al-4V). The properties of these metals are critical to their use in different applications. For example, materials that show very good strength...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... in implant materials , in Metals Handbook , vol 13 , 9th edn. ( ASM International , Materials Park , 1987 ), pp. 1324 – 1335 11. Aulisa L. et al. , Corrosion of the Harrington’s instrumentation and biological behavior of the rod–human spine system . Biomaterials 3 , 246–249 ( 1982...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c9001579
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
.... 4 Of all the ionic components of blood plasma and interstitial fluids, the chlorine ions are typically the most aggressive to metal implants. Several types of chloride-induced corrosion attacks have been reported to affect stainless steel implants; pitting, intergranular corrosion, and crevice...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001264
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
..., softened zone. The hardness of this material was 80 to 86 HRB. Chemical Analysis/Identification The chemical composition of the implant material was analyzed as type 316L stainless steel, which was within specification for ASTM F55-66T. Discussion The process of repair welding changed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c9001664
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
... Orthopedic Implants,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research , Vol. 3 , pp. 247 – 265 ( 1969 ). 2. Hughes A. N. and Jordan B. A. , “Metallurgical Observations on Some Metallic Surgical Implants Which Failed in Vivo,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research , Vol. 6 , pp. 33...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001097
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... loading. Use of a steel with a higher molybdenum content (317L) in the annealed condition was recommended. Biomedical material 316L UNS S31603 Pitting corrosion Fatigue fracture Background Two type 316L stainless steel orthopedic screws broke approximately 6 weeks after surgical implant...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... microstructure were recommended. Ceramic coatings Sintering (powder metallurgy) Surgical implants Ti-6Al-4V ELI UNS R56407 Fatigue fracture Background Total knee prostheses were retrieved from patients after radiographs revealed fracture of the Ti-6Al-4V extra low interstitial (ELI) metal...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001266
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Reference Selected Reference • Pohler O.E.M. , Failures of Metallic Orthopedic Implants , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1986 , p 670 – 694 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001819 Handbook of Case Histories in Failure Analysis, Volume 2...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003562
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... occurs in nonoxidizing materials, such as gold, platinum, and cupric oxide. The debris formed by many nonferrous metals is largely unoxidized and is larger in particle size than ferrous materials are. If fretting occurs in an inert or protective atmosphere, little debris is produced. The general...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001820
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... reviewed. failure investigations fracture mechanics metallic implant materials pipelines PIPELINES have established the enviable record of having the fewest fatalities of any of the various modes of transportation. Failures do occur, however, for a variety of reasons. In this article...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... Galvanic corrosion occurs when two dissimilar conducting materials (metallic or nonmetallic) are in electrical contact. It usually consists of two dissimilar conductors in electrical contact with each other and with a common conducting fluid (an electrolyte), or it may occur when two similar conductors...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Corrosion is the electrochemical reaction of a material and its environment. This article addresses those forms of corrosion that contribute directly to the failure of metal parts or that render them susceptible to failure by some other mechanism. Various forms of corrosion covered...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... maintenance. corrosion corrosion failure analysis corrosion monitoring electrochemical corrosion galvanic protection inhibitors metallic coatings nonmetallic coatings preventive maintenance surface treatments thermal spray CORROSION is the deterioration of a material by a reaction...