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metallic biomaterials

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001803
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... into several categories: misuse; assembly or implantation errors; design errors, including improper selection of materials; corrosion; corrosion fatigue; and wear. According to statistical data, approximately 100 million metallic implants were installed in humans between 1940 and 1975. [ 1 ] The most...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c9001610
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... Forms of Metals in Orthopaedic Implants,” Biomaterials , 1998 , 19 , pp. 751 – 9 . 4. Young E. and Houwing R.H. : “Patch Test Results with Standard Allergens Over a Decade,” Contact Dermatitis , 1987 , 17 , pp. 104 – 7 . 5. Rogero S.O. et al. : “Cytotoxicity Due...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... , Forms of corrosion in implant materials , in Metals Handbook , vol 13 , 9th edn. ( ASM International , Materials Park , 1987 ), pp. 1324 – 1335 11. Aulisa L. et al. , Corrosion of the Harrington’s instrumentation and biological behavior of the rod–human spine system . Biomaterials...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c9001579
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
.... 4 Of all the ionic components of blood plasma and interstitial fluids, the chlorine ions are typically the most aggressive to metal implants. Several types of chloride-induced corrosion attacks have been reported to affect stainless steel implants; pitting, intergranular corrosion, and crevice...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... (schematic). (a) Classic Moore hip endoprosthesis. (b) Müller total hip prosthesis (metal against polyethylene acetabular cap). (c) Weber total hip prosthesis with movable head and metal, ceramic, and polyethylene components. (d) Müller total hip prosthesis with straight stem. (e) Hinge-like knee joint...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c9001690
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
.... Corrosion Fracture mechanisms Metallic surgical implants Retrieval analysis Ti-6Al-4V UNS R56406 316L UNS S31603 ISO 5832-2 grade 1 Nitinol (Other, general, or unspecified) corrosion (Other, general, or unspecified) fracture Worldwide data indicate that approximately 100 million metallic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... striations can be seen for some materials, although repeated crack closure and postfracture wear can often obscure these finer features. In contrast to other metallic biomaterials, nitinol can show “feathering” radial lines rather than striations that emanate from the crack initiation site, as shown in Fig...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001804
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... of failures in stainless steel orthopaedic implant devices fatigue failure due to improper fixation of a compression bone plate . J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 13 , 142 – 145 ( 1994 ) 10.1007/BF00416827 5. Breme J. , Titanium and titanium alloys, biomaterials of preference . Mèmoires et É tudes...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c9001606
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
.... Recommendations to improve the fixation implant design are suggested, and the potential benefits of the substitution of titanium or a titanium alloy for the stainless steel are discussed. Biomaterials Biomechanics Fatigue crack growth Medical device 300 series Fatigue fracture The use...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006918
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... as a consequence of accumulated irreversible damage or growth of a flaw to a critical dimension. The fatigue life of a polymeric component is affected by variables that are disproportionally important to polymers as opposed to other engineering structural materials, such as metals and ceramics. For example...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006939
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... with fillers such as carbon black, silica, metal oxides, and carbon and metal fibers. The addition of fillers to a polymer matrix enhances the stiffness of the material while retaining the essential attributes, such as a large strain to break and resiliency. Fillers also increase the processability, toughness...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006800
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... whether the part will be made from metal, plastic, ceramic, or composite. Level II: Determine whether metal parts will be produced by a deformation process (wrought) or a casting process; for plastics, determine whether they will be thermoplastic or thermosetting polymers. Level III: Narrow...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... will be made from metal, plastic, ceramic, or composite. Level II: Determine whether metal parts will be produced by a deformation process (wrought) or a casting process; for plastics, determine whether they will be thermoplastic or thermosetting polymers. Level III: Narrow options to a broad...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006940
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... the first to provide fatigue of polymers using this technique. Strain-controlled tests are often employed in fatigue of metals ( Ref 8 , 9 ) to produce a strain-life curve and, most importantly, a cyclic stress-strain curve to describe the response of these materials to variable strain amplitude...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006944
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Abstract The discussion on the fracture of solid materials, both metals and polymers, customarily begins with a presentation of the stress-strain behavior and of how various conditions such as temperature and strain-rate affect the mechanisms of deformation and fracture. This article describes...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006943
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... cathode and a hexaboride compound of a rare earth metal, namely, lanthanum hexaboride (LaB 6 ) or cerium hexaboride (CeB 6 ). Both the metallic and the ceramic types of electron sources use ohmic heating (resistance heating) to emit electrons. In a conventional SEM instrument, the electron source...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.9781627083959
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9