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metal penetration

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0047756
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... extremities of a granular gold-tinted surface region adjacent to the tube-to-sleeve brazed joint and extending circumferentially were revealed by microscopic examination. Embrittlement of the tube caused by molten braze metal penetration along grain boundaries was evidenced by micrographs of a granular...
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 5 Optical micrograph of copper penetration (liquid metal embrittlement) in the broken axles. 300× More
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 4 Morphology of metal loss. Note penetration of tubes. More
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 21 SEMs showing crack and corrosion front penetration into the base metal More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001482
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... with an oxide scale in which were embedded particles having the appearance of metallic copper. It was concluded that the cracking that occurred at the time of re-welding was due to intergranular penetration by copper present in the deposit within the tubes, which had not been completely removed prior to welding...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0091655
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
...° of the circumference, the propagation path was entirely within the safe-end base metal, penetrating the outside surface adjacent to the fusion line of the repair weld. Metallographic examination of selected cross sections showed the effects of repeated thermomechanical cycling during welding on the precipitate...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001440
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... was examined microscopically. This revealed that the crack was associated with intergranular penetration by molten metal. The microstructure in general was indicative of a good-quality mild steel. It was evident from that solder that was responsible for the penetration and that fused brass from the hand wheel...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001463
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... failure was due to fatigue. Macro-etched cross sections showed a lack of penetration and fusion in the weld. Fatigue cracks developed and slowly progressed through the weld metal. Fracture occurred when the remaining area of sound metal was insufficient to support the load. Lack of penetration...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... approximately twice the specified design pressure and two-thirds the approximate yield point of the parent metal. No failures or leakage were observed during proof testing. Metallurgical examination corroborated visual checks, indicating a distinct lack of root penetration in the split areas. Splitting occurred...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001460
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
.... The appearance of the fracture faces of the two welds showed partial-penetration joints. Failure in each bar had taken place through the weld metal. The presence of built-in cracks introduced zones of stress concentration and the fluctuating loads to which the ties were subjected in service served to initiate...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... revealed a rather complex crack pattern, evidence of exposure to very high temperatures, and ruptures in the overheated region. Bronze bearing metal was observed in the cracked surface region located beneath the support bearing. The bearing metal was molten when it penetrated the axle. In addition...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0047681
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Abstract A fluorescent liquid-penetrant inspection of an experimental stator vane of a first-stage axial compressor revealed the presence of a longitudinal crack over 50 mm (2 in.) long at the edge of a resistance seam weld. The vane was made of titanium alloy Ti-6Al-4V (AMS 4911). The crack...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0048767
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
.... Examination revealed voids on the fracture surface and evidence of incomplete weld penetration. The overall appearance of the fracture surface indicated brittle fracture, but there was some evidence of fatigue beach marks. Fracture originated at a slag inclusion in the weld metal. In some areas, particularly...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0048158
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... to the axis of the wire were revealed by metallographic examination. A light-gray phase, which had the appearance of liquid-metal corrosion, was observed to have penetrated the grains on the fracture surfaces. The spring wires were found to fracture in a brittle manner characteristic of fracture from...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0048095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... by visual examination to have occurred at the weld joining the sling body and the cross member. Inadequate joint penetration and porosity was revealed by macrographic examination of the weld. Lower silicon content and a higher magnesium and manganese content than the normal for alloy 4043 filler metal were...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0048782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Abstract A steam accumulator, constructed with 10.3 mm thick SA515-70 steel heads and an 8 mm thick SA455A steel shell, ruptured after about three years of service. The accumulator was used in plastic molding operations. An extensive lack of weld penetration in this the head-to-shell girth weld...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0089530
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... steel conforming to ASTM A 148, grade 150-125. The crack was found to have originated along the lower surface initially penetrating a region of shrinkage porosity. It was observed that cracking then propagated in tension through sound metal and terminated in a shear lip at the top of the eye...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... metal underneath. Once it penetrates the ductile metal, the crack tip is blunted and the propagation ceases. The protective film begins to form on the newly exposed metal surface, and the process begins again. Adsorption-Based Mechanisms When exposed to a specific corrosive environment...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001358
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... with a rounded metal hammer. The ringing that resulted was usually of a high to medium pitch and fairly consistent from one vane to the next. When a broken or cracked vane was tapped, a dull pitch resulted. If a definite change in sound occurred, the vane was inspected visually or using liquid penetrant...
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Waspaloy (AMS 5586) spray-manifold tube that failed by fatigue fracture because of embrittlement by penetration of molten braze metal. (a) Macrograph showing fracture at the edge of the brazed joint between the tube and the sleeve. 4×. (b) Fractograph showing granular, discolored region More