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metal cutting fluids

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001629
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Representative copper parts. Tinting is evident. Representative nondiscolored and discolored parts were evaluated to characterize any discernible differences and to determine the nature and cause of the discoloration. Several processing substances, including cutting fluid, two different coolants...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003568
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of a ductile steel impeller by a catalytic fluid that was not expected to be erosive is shown in Fig. 7 . Fig. 7 Particulate erosion of a ductile steel impeller by an abrasive catalyst. (a) 0.25×. (b) 1× Erosion-resistant metals include white cast iron (standard gray or ductile cast irons...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... into the characteristic (for given erosive conditions) material surface occurs, including removal of chemicals (e.g., lubricants and cutting fluids remaining after production), a change of topography (removal of grinding marks, etc.), removal of fragments weakened or damaged during the production stage, generation...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... it is desirable to examine the nuts and other associated parts that may have contributed to the failures. Also, in failures involving corrosion, stress-corrosion, or corrosion fatigue, a sample of the fluid that has been in contact with the metal, or of any deposits that have formed, will often be required...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c9001664
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
... Orthopedic Implants,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research , Vol. 3 , pp. 247 – 265 ( 1969 ). 2. Hughes A. N. and Jordan B. A. , “Metallurgical Observations on Some Metallic Surgical Implants Which Failed in Vivo,” Journal of Biomedical Materials Research , Vol. 6 , pp. 33...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003558
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... , Incipient Galling of Metals , Proc. Intl. Conf. On Wear of Materials , ASME , 1981 , p 171 – 185 2. Lutynski C. , Simansky G. , and McEvily A.J. , Fretting Fatigue of Ti-6Al-4V Alloy , Materials Evaluation Under Fretting Conditions , STP 780, ASTM , 1982 , p 150 – 164 3...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... to testing. Liquid penetrants, cleaning fluids, cutting fluids, and solvents may alter the chemical composition of the surface deposits. Results from laboratory testing may provide extraneous results. The tests may not model the service conditions. Laboratory testing cannot easily model flow conditions...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001314
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... may develop if boiling of the liquid pool occurs such that droplets of fluid spatter onto the dry wall. There, the droplets are vaporized and the resulting heat transfer quenches the heated metal at localized regions, again setting up thermally generated biaxial tensile stress gradients, but on a more...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... irons Thick coatings Thin coatings Metallic plating Diffusion treatments Surface heat treatments Contact fatigue wear (fluid-film lubrication) Bearing steels High-strength martensitic steels Diffusion treatments Surface heat treatments Weld hardfacing Contact fatigue wear (mixed or boundary...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001510
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... cracking may be defined as the spontaneous failure of a metal resulting from the combined effects of a corrosive environment and the effective component of tensile stress acting on the structure. However, because of the orientation dependence in aluminum, it is the residual stress occurring in the most...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001575
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
..., however, because the bushing had only a few microns of clearance. The effect caused the oil to squeeze out, resulting in metal-to-metal contact, and ultimately failure. Aircraft components Gear boxes Oil pumps Overheating Thermal stresses 32CrMoV 13 (Other, miscellaneous, or unspecified...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006782
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...) may not reveal the corrodent that caused the SCC. Often, the fracture surface is flushed with water, cleaned, or decontaminated for safety reasons prior to testing. Liquid penetrants, cleaning fluids, cutting fluids, and solvents can alter the chemical composition of surface deposits. Results from...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article explains the main types and characteristic causes of failures in boilers and other equipment in stationary and marine power plants that use steam as the working fluid with examples. It focuses on the distinctive features of each type that enable the failure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001570
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... Thermal fatigue fracture Crevice corrosion In recent years, there has been a growing application of reactive metals in the processing equipment in chemical, petroleum, and power industries. Commercially pure titanium with desirable engineering properties as well as excellent corrosion resistance...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... the hardness plot at a level of 50 HRC. Fig. 26 Comparison of indentations made by Knoop and Vickers indenters in the same metal and at the same loads. Source: Ref 9 Fig. 24 Sketch showing cutting sequence for a failed trailer hitch. Parts 4282-A-2-2 and 4282-A-3-3-2 were mounted...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001817
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... that the weld metal was generally oxidized and contained several flux inclusions. There was little or no bonding of the weld bead to the surfaces that had been cut with the torch. Examination revealed evidence that the weld was made under conditions of poor fit-up, lack of cleanness, and poor workmanship...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... pullouts, cracks, and cutting grooves may result, which have to be removed step-by-step during subsequent preparation (grinding and polishing). Generally, ceramics are wet-cut (water or a special cutting fluid) with a rotating diamond cutting wheel on a bench-type laboratory machine or on a precision...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
.... British Engine Boiler & Electrical Insurance Co. Ltd. , Technical Report—New Series , Vol. I , p. 103 . 5. Ibid , p. 114 . 6. Bacon F. , Engineering , Sept . 23rd , 1932 , p. 372 . 7. Peterson R. E. , “Metals and Alloys,” Vol. 10 , 1939 , p. 276 . 8...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001082
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... m, or 7 to 15 ft, in diameter) are used in numerous applications, such as drainage control, boat thrusters, and both power plant and process cooling. Pump impellers are subjected to high-pressure differentials across the intake and exit, high fluid velocities, and fluids that may cause erosion...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... , Metal Removal Mechanisms Comprising Wear in Mineral Processing , Wear of Materials , Ludema K.C. , Ed., American Society of Mechanical Engineers , 1985 , p 501 – 508 2. Carter A.M.F. and Howarth D. , “A Literature Review of the Factors That Influence the Wear of Slurry...