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metal cutting

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Published: 01 December 2019
Fig. 7 Spectrum for EDS analysis of tube base metal at a cut surface of the tube More
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... and cutting fluids may increase cutting tool life and improve surface roughness. Machined Part (In-Service) Failures In-Service Failures Caused by Undesired Surface Layers Fractures of in-service metal parts such as shafts originate at points of stress concentration either inherent in design...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0048091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... Abstract A section from a stop-block guide fell to the floor on a crane runway after it failed. A brittle crystalline-type break was disclosed by examination of the fracture surface. The point of initiation was in a hardened heat-affected layer that had developed during flame cutting...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0046242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... teeth (found at visual inspection) was composed of the same material as the metal in the coupling. Beach marks and evidence of cold work, typical of fatigue failure, were found on the fracture surface. Chips remaining in the analysis cut were difficult to remove, indicating a strong magnetic field...
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
base metals. Transition joints can be used when a galvanic couple is anticipated at the design stage, and weld beads should be properly oriented to minimize galvanic effects. (c) Local damage can result from cuts across heavily worked areas. End grains should not be left exposed. (d) Galvanic corrosion More
Image
Published: 15 January 2021
base metals. Transition joints can be used when a galvanic couple is anticipated at the design stage, and weld beads should be properly oriented to minimize galvanic effects. (c) Local damage can result from cuts across heavily worked areas. End grains should not be left exposed. RD, rolling direction More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001440
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Abstract A portable propane container with a name-plate soldered onto it exploded in service. When the vessel was inspected afterwards, it was found to have developed a crack in the top end plate. A portion of the end plate cut out to include the midlength and one termination of the crack...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001435
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... of the keyway, which had been re-cut shorter than the original one after the welding repair. Fig. 2 Surface of fracture. × 1 1 4 Fig. 3 Keyway filled with weld metal. × 1 1 4 Hardness tests showed values of 155 VDP for the material of the shaft (equivalent...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... the longitudinally-cut specimens. This difference is not totally unexpected, as the 8th Edition of the Metals Handbook cites similar energy differences in 0.12% C steel plate. The fracture faces for these specimens showed the tremendous amount of directionality associated with the rolling direction of this plate...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001514
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... examination revealed that the sill and the rocker panel weldment had come apart along the full length of the rear floor pan. An approximately 66cm (26″) portion of the separated rocker panel was cut and removed from the vehicle. This is shown in Figure 4 . The mating portion of the lower sill, revealed via...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001421
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... . It will be noted that the majority originated at grooves in the weld metal, the grooves having apparently acted as stress-raisers. In order to ascertain the depth to which these had developed a cut was made in the plane of the weld at its mid-width and the surface etched. The cracks extended for only a short...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001449
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... was present in this instance. The hardness of the weld metal proved to be 215 VDP and that of the thermally affected zone a maximum of 280 VDP. Fig. 6 Crack at margin of weld deposit. × 7 Fig. 7 Crack, shown in figure 6 , at higher magnification. × 60 A specimen was cut adjacent...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001112
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract An I-beam of IS-226 specification—I-section dimensions of 450 x l50 x 10 mm (17.7 x 5.9 x 0.4 in.) and a length of 12.41 m (40.7ft)—was flame cut into two section in an open yard near these a coast under normal weather conditions. After approximately 112h, the shorter section of he I...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001729
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
.... 3 ) appeared to be close to the explosion center. Fourth, Fig. 6 shows a piece from the lefthand side of the waste towel disposal unit which contains a cut. Note that metal has extruded out of the bottom and sides of the cut. Obviously, this aluminum piece has been forced against a blunt metal...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001327
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Analysis Metallurgical cross sections of the reducer were cut, mounted, and polished. The specimens were etched in a 10% nital solution and then examined. The base metal, weld metal, and heat-affected zone (HAZ) microstructures ( Fig. 8 , 9 , 10 , respectively) were consistent with those of a 0.28...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0048777
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... over 1% C, higher than the carbon content of the base metal. The cracks in the drain groove surface could have occurred after arc gouging, during subsequent stress-relieving, or during the hydrostatic test. Flame cutting is not recommended for the type of steel used in the boiler drum because it can...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c0047508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... Abstract A riveted 0.25% carbon steel oil-storage tank in Oklahoma was dismantled and reassembled in Minnesota by welding to form a storage tank for soybean oil. An opening was cut in the side of the tank to admit a front-end loader. A frame of heavy angle iron was welded to the tank...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001408
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... at the time. About five months later, the HP piston rod of the No. 1 compressor failed in a similar manner. Specimens for microscopic examination were cut from the rod in the region of the failure and from the extreme end that had been situated above the piston and hence not subjected to an appreciable rise...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001735
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... Abstract A sample tube was removed from a reformer furnace for life assessment after 69,000 h of service. Sections were cut from the tube, which was a spindle cast A297 Grade HK 40 (25 Cr, 20 Ni, 0.4 C) austenitic steel of 122.5 mm OD and 10.5 mm nominal wall thickness. They were examined...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract Cracks were discovered between interference-fit fasteners (MoS2-coated Ti-6Al-4V) that had been incorporated into a fighter aircraft primary structural frame (D6ac steel) to enhance structural fatigue life. Examination of sections cut from the cracked frame established that the cracks...