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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006788
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and metabolic processes involved in a failure scenario. The new molecular microbiological methods provide access to a huge amount of previously unavailable information. A consequent surge in research is impacting established protocols for failure analysis and suggests new prevention strategies. Industry...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003556
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... A more general discussion of possible links between electrochemical reactions mediated in microbial metabolism and corrosion is provided in Ref 18 . Indirect Involvement in the Corrosion Process Microorganisms can influence the corrosion process by a number of less direct mechanisms...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001769
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... with algae or cyanobacteria in primarily aqueous environments such as marine and/or freshwater [ 35 ]. The calcium-accumulating process is based on metabolic utilization of organic acids as their role as source of carbon and energy. Such acids include acetate, citrate, oxalate, glyoxylate, succinate...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001648
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
.... In other words, both fractures took place in a macroscopically brittle manner. Careful examination of the fracture did not reveal any evidence of fatigue, which would indicate that cyclic loading had influenced the fracture process. The number of start-stop cycles had been few (57 cycles). However...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006866
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... and, therefore, can act only on the surface layer, making the hydrolysis of plastics by extracellular enzymes a surface-erosion process ( Fig. 1 ). The resulting smaller intermediates are more water soluble than the polymer and can be transported into the bacterial cells where they are further metabolized...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... environment or a lack of proper water treatment can lead to catastrophic failures. The key in avoiding MIC-related problems is to consider bacterial problems at the start of the construction design phase. If a process condition is to be changed, its potential impact on bacteria growth should be considered...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c9001690
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
... assisted fracture. Additionally, some components were found to contain fabrication/processing defects that contributed to premature failure. The implant of nonbiocompatible materials results in immeasurable damage to patients as well as losses for the public investment. It is proposed that local sanitary...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... but is expensive and time-consuming. The individual specimens can be weighed before and after testing to determine corrosion rate as a function of potential, thus enabling the errors from using Faraday’s law to be easily corrected. Process of Predicting Galvanic Corrosion from Polarization Behavior...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in tissue and organ-culture tests ( Ref 4 , 5 , 6 ). Some of the metals play important roles in the body metabolism, although they can become toxic beyond certain concentrations ( Ref 7 ). For other metals that behave indifferently in the body, such as titanium, no metabolic function is yet known...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... being metabolized for the achievement of its primary intended purposes ( Ref 1 – 3 ). This broad definition encompasses a vast array of government-regulated healthcare products that, by law, must be critically evaluated for their intended use to ensure they remain safe and effective for the duration...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4