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melt bridging

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001838
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... pipe hot cracking grain boundary segregation stainless steel tear ridges melt bridging microfractography induction heating frequency X6CrNiMoTi17-12-2 (titanium-stabilized austenitic stainless steel) UNS S31635 Introduction Hypotheses about Potential Metallurgical Root Causes...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001111
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
.... The ASTM specifications for grade F and grade H do not require the addition of these elements. The A517 grade H steel supplied for construction of the bridge was melted by an electric furnace process using charge materials composed of purchased bundles of steel scrap, broken iron molds, and recycled...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.9781627083294
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... , 1994 6. “ Pedestrian Bridge Collapse over SW 8th Street, Miami, Florida, March 15, 2018 ,” Accident Report NTSB/HAR-19/02 PB2019-101363, National Transportation Safety Board , Washington, D.C. , 2019 7. Thornton W.A. , Connections: Art, Science, and Information in the Quest...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001682
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... E. F. and Miller T. W. , “Microsegragation in Partially Melted Regions of 70Cu - 30Ni,” Welding Journal , Vol. 55 , p 181s , 1976 4. Fontana M. G. and Greene N. D. , Corrosion Engineering , McGraw-Hill Book Co. , p 41 , 1978 5. Metals Handbook , Ninth...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... and Prevention , Volume 11 of the ASM Handbook , 2002. Nevertheless, failures continue. Recalls of motor vehicles and consumer products are reported on a regular basis and tabulated on various websites. Building and bridge collapses are less common but still occur. Thus, the need for failure analysis...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003554
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of the situation. Furthermore, those cases where such embrittlement extends below the melting temperature of the embrittling metal, formerly known as stress alloying, are now termed solid metal induced embrittlement (SMIE). In either case, the metal-induced embrittlement is the result of subcritical crack growth...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003516
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of analysis and test coupled with realism. For any component (aircraft, automobile, ship, or bridge), the type of loading(s) must be defined and quantified. In all these instances, there are two major types of loads—operator-induced loads and environmentally induced loads. Operator-induced loads may...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006786
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... for some time as liquid metal embrittlement. More recently, the term liquid-metal-induced embrittlement (LMIE) has been accepted as more descriptive of the situation. Furthermore, those cases where such embrittlement occurs below the melting temperature of the embrittling metal, formerly known as stress...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001811
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article focuses on the mechanisms and common causes of failure of metal components in lifting equipment in the following three categories: cranes and bridges, particularly those for outdoor and other low-temperature service; attachments used for direct lifting...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006830
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... equipment in three categories: cranes and bridges, attachments used for direct lifting, and built-in members of lifting equipment. It first reviews the mechanisms, origins, and investigation of failures. Then the article describes the materials used for lifting equipment, followed by a section explaining...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Processing of a Two Phase α/β Titanium Alloy , Mater. Sci. Technol. , Vol 19 (No. 12 ), 2003 , p 1688 – 1696 10.1179/026708303225008365 • Mitchell A. , Melting, Casting, and Forging Problems in Titanium Alloys , J. Met. , June 1997 10.1007/BF02914712 • Semiatin S.L...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... , Clean Steels to Control Hydrogen Embrittlement , Current Solutions to Hydrogen Problems in Steels , American Society for Metals , 1982 , p 275 – 278 7. Material Matters: Fracture of Anchor Rods on New Bridge Span Is Caused by Hydrogen Embrittlement , Mater. Perform. , Vol 52 ( No. 9...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001591
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... and 300,000 tons, about 500 m ahead. The bridge was alerted. The officer of the watch, First Officer William Murdoch, ordered the engines to be reversed and the ship be turned hard to port. Within 40 seconds, the RMS Titanic collided with the iceberg, the point of impact being on the starboard side, just...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001205
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... longitudinal sections were made through the planes designated as 6, 7, 8 and 9 in Fig. 4 . They confirmed that welding caused complete melting of certain spots of the shaft tubing causing blistered or shrinkage cavities in the solidified area ( Fig. 5 ). The blue spot in the fracture may possibly be due...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003549
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... forms of laser surface modifications: transformation hardening, surface melting, and surface alloying. Laser processing can be used to create corrosion-resistant surface layers. Usefulness of laser processing is limited because it requires a planar substrate and the substrate must be compatible...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., or by terminating welding on runoff tabs that are cut away later. If crater cracks are found, they should be chipped out and the area rewelded, because it is very difficult to melt out a crater crack. Hat cracks (No. 9, Fig. 3 ) derive their name from the shape of the weld cross section with which...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... interfere with the ability of the foundry to use the best techniques to produce reliable castings. Defect-free castings can be produced at a price. The multitude of process variables, such as molding mediums, binder, gating and risering, melting and ladle practice, pouring technique, and heat treatment...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... 10.31399/asm.hb.v06.a0001405 13. Graville B.A. , The Principles of Cold Cracking Control in Welds , Dominion Bridge Co. , Hanover, NH , 1975 14. Coe F. , Welding Steels without Hydrogen Cracking , The Welding Institute , Abington, Cambridge, U.K. , 1973 15. Stout...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003507
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... affect performance of a part by creating a notch of unknown severity and serve as a crack-initiation site during fabrication or in service. Corrosion and wear damage can also be assisted by discontinuities, especially at the surface. These flaws may occur from the melting practices and solidification...