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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract Mechanical testing is an evaluative tool used by the failure analyst to collect data regarding the macro- and micromechanical properties of the materials being examined. This article provides information on a few important considerations regarding mechanical testing that the failure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006764
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Detection Probabilities , STP 798, American Society for Testing and Materials , 1983 , p 79 – 94 10.1520/STP33213S 7. Morin C.R. , Shipley R.J. , and Wilkinson J.A. , Fractography, NDE, and Fracture Mechanics Applications in Failure Analysis Studies , Mater. Charact. , Vol 33...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006781
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of TMF are testing in which temperature and mechanical loading must be independently controlled, intelligent application of TMF results to life prediction, and using physics-based models that incorporate the dominant interactions as a guide for extrapolating life prediction to regimes that preclude...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... general aspects of fracture modes and mechanisms. The article briefly reviews some mechanistic aspects of ductile and brittle crack propagation, including discussion on mixed-mode cracking. Factors associated with overload failures are discussed, and, where appropriate, preventive steps for reducing the...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006753
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... economy are well documented. For example, the importance of investigating failures was vividly illustrated in the pioneering efforts of the Wright Brothers in developing self-propelled flight. In fact, while Wilbur was traveling in France in 1908, Orville was conducting flight tests for the U.S. Army...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006798
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... considerably improve the clarity of the sentence in which it is used. For example, ductile can refer to both a process/mechanism at the microscale or an appearance at the macroscale. The term mode is used in multiple ways: It is defined in ASTM International E 1823 in terms of surface displacement of...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... Olander P. and Jacobson S. , Scuffing Resistance Testing of Piston Ring Materials for Marine Two-Stroke Diesel Engines and Mapping of the Operating Mechanisms , Wear , Vol 330–331 , 2015 , p 42 – 48 10.1016/j.wear.2015.01.074 38. Blau P.J. , “ Scuffing: From Basic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006767
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... elastic fracture mechanics analysis, with some mention of elastic-plastic fracture mechanics analysis. The article describes the probabilistic aspects of fatigue and fracture. Information on crack-growth simulation of the material is also provided. crack-growth simulation elastic-plastic fracture...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006794
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...: A Review on Test Procedures and Standards , Int. J. Corros. , 2018 , Article 7345346, 10.1155/2018/7345346 36. Ma F. , Li J. , Zeng Z. , and Gao Y. , Structural, Mechanical and Tribocorrosion Behaviour in Artificial Seawater of CrN/AlN Nano-Multilayer Coatings on F690...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Review documentary evidence Test certificates  Mechanical/wear test data  Pertinent specifications  Correspondence  Interviews  Depositions and interrogatories Review service parameters  Design or intended operating parameters  Actual service conditions   Temperature data (magnitude and range...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006758
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... metallography and fractography Additional sectioning to obtain reference samples away from any indications or including indications depending on what information is desired, for chemical analysis and microhardness testing or other destructive testing such as mechanical and physical testing. The...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006775
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Abstract This article focuses on characterizing the fracture-surface appearance at the microscale and contains some discussion on both crack nucleation and propagation mechanisms that cause the fracture appearance. It begins with a discussion on microscale models and mechanisms for deformation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006774
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Ultrahigh-Strength Steels , Electron Fractography , STP 436, American Society for Testing and Materials , 1968 , p 17 10.1520/STP32000S 8. Gerberich W. , Microstructure and Fracture , Mechanical Testing , Vol 8 , Metals Handbook , 9th ed. , American Society for Metals , 1985 , p...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006756
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... possible explanations for failure by eliminating those explanations that do not fit the observations. The basic steps are: Collect data Identify damage modes present Identify possible damage mechanisms Test to identify mechanisms that occurred Identify the significance of individual...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...-related failures and in formulating preventive measures. Fig. 1 Forms of corrosion. Adapted from Ref 1 More detailed discussions of the fundamentals and mechanisms of corrosion are provided in the References listed at the end of this article and in Corrosion: Fundamentals, Testing, and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006762
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... tests that can be performed during an investigation, including visual examination, scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy, quantitative chemical analysis, metallography, hardness testing, mechanical testing such as impact and tensile testing, and nondestructive evaluation are...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006780
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Probabilistic Assessment of Creep Damage , ICM 6 , Pergamon , 1991 16. Voorhees H. and Prager M. , Assessment and Use of Creep-Rupture Properties , Mechanical Testing and Evaluation , Vol 8 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2000 , p 383 – 397 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003289 17...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... aspects of fatigue are discussed in more detail elsewhere, such as in Fatigue and Fracture , Volume 19 of the ASM Handbook , 1996; and Mechanical Testing and Evaluation , Volume 8 of the ASM Handbook , 2000. Volume 19 also includes more detailed discussion of the fatigue process than is presented...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... description of maintenance performed on the component and inspection reports related to the component While the diagnosis of SCC as a failure mechanism is dependent on the results of examination and testing, as discussed later, the information described earlier can be used to determine the material and...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... new materials, surface treatments, or lubricants. In this view, an important role is played by the characterization of the wear products in identifying the wear mechanism. This activity is very fruitful in tribological testing for obtaining the proper information to be used in designing as well as in...