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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c0048420
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
...Abstract Abstract Fretting and fretting corrosion at the contact area between the screw hole of a type 316LR stainless steel bone plate and the corresponding screw head was studied. The attack on the 316LR stainless steel was only shallow. Mechanical grinding and polishing structures were...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001761
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... for grinding, after a life of approximately 300,000 km of service, as requested by the engine manufacturer. After grinding and assembling in the engine, some crankshafts lasted barely 15,000 km before serious fractures took place. Few other crankshafts demonstrated higher lives. Several vital components were...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001539
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
...Abstract Abstract Overhaul mechanics discovered a crack in an AISI 4340 Cr-Mo-Ni alloy steel pivot bolt when grinding off the chromium plating. The bolt had served for an estimated 10,000 h and was replated when last overhauled. On checking the bolt, several fine cracks were found...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in cold-working and hot-working applications. It reviews problems introduced during mechanical design, materials selection, machining, heat treating, finish grinding, and tool and die operation. The brittle fracture of rehardened high-speed steels is also considered. Finally, failures due to seams or laps...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... 3: Grinding Plate Wear Failure Analysis Example 4: Impact Wear of Disk Cutters<xref rid="a0003560-fn1" ref-type="fn">[1]</xref> Example 5: Identification of Abrasive Wear Modes in Martensitic Steels Mechanical Properties Microstructure Other Properties Grinding Plates...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0009222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...Abstract Abstract This article describes the six fundamental factors that decide a tool's performance. These are mechanical design, grade of tool steel, machining procedure, heat treatment, grinding, and handling. A deficiency in any one of the factors can lead to a tool and die failure...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., grade 2) etched with modified Weck’s reagent and viewed with polarized light plus sensitive tint. The arrow along the top edge points to a surface layer containing mechanical twins. As with abrasive-wheel sectioning, all grinding steps should be performed wet using water, provided that water has...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001053
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract A carbon steel (ASTM A515 grade 70) pressure vessel failed by brittle fracture while being hydro tested in the fabricating shop. The fracture origin was a small crack at a welding arc strike associated with the toe of a nozzle weld. A fracture mechanics calculation indicated...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c0091853
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... the present operating conditions with previous conditions where acceptable product was produced. Several wear mechanisms were identified and used to make recommendations for future improvements. Grinding Plates Characterization of the Quartz Feed Selected Reference Selected Reference • Bayer...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Conditions on Metal Wear , Wear of Materials 1983 , American Society of Mechanical Engineers , 1983 , p 67 – 78 30. Natarajan K.A. and Iwasaki I. , Electrochemical Aspects of Grinding Media-Mineral Interactions in Magnetite Ore Grinding , Int. J. Miner. Process. , Vol 13 , 1984 , p...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... discussion is patterned after the approach of Mutton ( Ref 10 ) and Moore ( Ref 11 ). Mechanical Properties Microstructure Other Properties Example 1: Jaw-Type Rock Crusher Wear. Example 2: Electronic Circuit Board Drill Wear. Example 3: Grinding Plate Wear Failure Analysis. Example 4...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c9001551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... origins indicating rotational vibration fatigue. Keeping bolts tight solved this problem. In another case, grinding machines were unable to produce surfaces of uniform quality and smoothness on steel bearing products. Measurements showed that self-excited vibrations were created when particular steels...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... characteristics and the affected mechanical properties of the material. As an example, aggressive grinding parameters resulted in overheating or burning the surface and subsurface of a carburized UNS G86200 worm gear ( Fig. 5 ) ( Ref 8 ). The manufacturing engineer changed the grinding practice to reduce...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001667
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... and is a strengthener in alpha titanium alloys (unalloyed titanium), but too much oxygen causes embrittlement of the alpha phase. The presence of an alpha case in an alpha-beta titanium alloy, such as Ti-6Al-4V, can cause a reduction in the mechanical properties of the material [ 1 ]. The potential absorption of oxygen...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Sectioning Mounting Edge Preservation Grinding Polishing Electrolytic Polishing Those who regularly perform failure analysis studies occasionally encounter situations where the specimen must be examined in the field. Portable equipment ( Ref 33 , 34 ) is available for either mechanical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... 10 Grinding cracks caused by failure to temper a part. (a) Two dies made from AISI D2 tool steel that cracked after finish grinding (cracks accentuated with magnetic particles). (b) Macroetching (10% aqueous nitric acid) of the end faces revealed grinding scorch. These dies were not tempered after...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Metallography Chemical Analysis/Identification Mechanical Properties Stress Analysis Field metallography and replication are extremely useful tools when a fast, nondestructive damage assessment is needed on a vessel in service. In this instance, a type 316 stainless steel column was suspected...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001084
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Background Visual Examination of General Physical Features Testing Procedure and Results Metallography Chemical analysis/identification Surface examination Mechanical properties Discussion Conclusion and Recommendations Selected References Selected References • Failures...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0046028
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... at a depth of 0.025 mm (0.001 in.) in this layer was 52 HRC (a minimum of 55 HRC was specified). Thus, the failure was caused by brittle fracture in the hardness-transition zone as the result of excessive impact loading. The burned layer indicated that the cracks had been caused by improper grinding after...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001002
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... with corrosion products and to have rough edges ( Figure 3 ). Fig. 2 Replica of crack edge in steam drum after four grinding steps. Unetched. Fig. 3 Replica of crack edge after eight grinding steps. Unetched. The mechanisms of crack initiation and propagation cannot be fully defined...