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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.rail.c9001444
EISBN: 978-1-62708-231-0
.... The steel in the regions of the slots possessed little capacity for deformation, and fracturing of the martensitic layer, under cooling or impact stresses, would be likely to occur. The slots should have been cut mechanically. Impact Martensite Phase transformations Rails (railroad) Fe-0.55C...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0048091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
...) had not been normalized. The stop-block guide failed in a brittle manner. Failure was initiated at a metallurgical and mechanical notch that was produced by flame cutting and welding. New stop-block weldments were made from fully silicon-killed 1020 steel with a maximum grain size of ASTM 5...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001523
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... to round the comers of the flame-cut cloverleaf lobe. This new manufacturing process solved the problem. Decks Ductile brittle transition Residual stress Transport ships ABS AH36 Mixed-mode fracture Metalworking-related failures Introduction Crack Initiation Failure Mechanism...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c9001148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
...Abstract Abstract A natural gas pipeline explosion and subsequent fire significantly altered the pipeline steel microstructure, obscuring in part the primary cause of failure, namely, coating breakdown at a local hard spot in the steel. Chemical analysis was made on pieces cut from the portion...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... as slurry, variable pH Principle mechanisms Plowing, cutting Cutting, some fragmentation and corrosion Cutting, some corrosion Cutting, plowing, fragmentation, and corrosion Factors influencing abrasive wear behavior Table 2 Factors influencing abrasive wear behavior Abrasive...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0090454
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... hydrocarbon-based solvent. Investigation (visual inspection, stereomicroscopic examination, 20x/100x SEM images, micro-FTIR in the ATR mode, and analysis using DSC and TGA) supported the conclusion that the chemical storage vessel failed via a creep mechanism associated with the exertion of relatively low...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001435
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... a year prior to failure the inner race of the roller bearing became slack on the shaft and the seating was built up by the metal-spray process. The shaft was machined to form a rough thread to provide the requisite mechanical key for the sprayed-on metal. Part of this sprayed-on layer became detached...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006790
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... or no material displaced to the sides of the grooves. This mechanism closely resembles conventional machining. Fragmentation occurs when material is separated from a surface by a cutting process, and the indenting abrasive causes localized fracture of the wear material. These cracks then freely propagate...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... the maximum. This very slight deviation could easily have been high due to the relative position of the cut specimen, and is considered to be acceptable. Chemical and Mechanical Requirements of A-516 Gr. 70 Steel Table 1 Chemical and Mechanical Requirements of A-516 Gr. 70 Steel Chemical...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001112
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract An I-beam of IS-226 specification—I-section dimensions of 450 x l50 x 10 mm (17.7 x 5.9 x 0.4 in.) and a length of 12.41 m (40.7ft)—was flame cut into two section in an open yard near these a coast under normal weather conditions. After approximately 112h, the shorter section...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c0091853
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... plastically deform under the compressive force of the quartz. The angle that the cutting edge of the particle makes with the wear surface is often referred to as the rake angle in cutting during machining operations. The plowing mechanism of material removal is illustrated in Fig. 5 . In this case...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
...Abstract Abstract A type 304 stainless steel tube that failed in a boiler stack economizer was analyzed to determine the cause. The investigation consisted of visual, SEM/EDS, and metallographic analysis. Several degradation mechanisms appeared to be at work, including pitting corrosion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c0090639
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... on cargo ships with the cracking problem supported the conclusion that the failure was caused by overload. Additional testing showed that the overload failure and the transition from ductile to brittle fracture were facilitated by a combination of high brittleness due to flame cutting, increased hardness...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001150
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
...Abstract Abstract A number of rotating blades in a diffuser at a sugar beet processing plant fabricated from rectangular bars cut from rolled carbon-manganese steel plate fractured brittlely. However, apparently identical blades underwent significant plastic deformation without fracture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001305
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... to 255 to 321 HB. Wheels of this type are intended for high-speed service with severe braking loads. Specimen Selection A cut was made parallel to the fracture to allow removal of a section containing the fracture surface. Two additional samples were cut from the rim and used for metallographic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0048791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
.... There was no evidence of continuous grain-boundary precipitates typical of sensitized material. The cross section was repolished and etched electrolytically with NaOH to search for other second phases, such as σ and χ; no evidence of these phases was found. Three mechanical test specimens with cracks were cut from...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... and Examination of Metallographic Specimens in Failure Analysis Evaluation of Polymers in Failure Analysis Secondary Ion Mass Spectroscopy Auger Electron Spectroscopy Electron Probe Microanalysis Energy-Dispersive X-Ray Analysis X-Ray Powder Diffraction Cutting Mounting Mechanical...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... Energy-Dispersive X-Ray Analysis Electron Probe Microanalysis Auger Electron Spectroscopy Secondary Ion Mass Spectroscopy X-Ray Powder Diffraction Cutting Mounting Mechanical Preparation (Grinding and Polishing) Ceramographic Etching Hardness Determination by Microindentation...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001814
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... et al. , Wear and Failure of High-Speed Steel Cut-Off Tools , in Proceedings of the Third North American Metalworking Research Conference , Carnegie Press , 1975 , p 385 – 400 Tool and Die Characteristics Analytical Approach Causes of Tool and Die Failures Mechanical Testing...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006765
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... filler (round particles in the epoxy at the top.) The specimen is annealed H13 hot work die steel etched with picral. Fig. 8 Light micrograph showing cutting damage (arrows at left) and a burr at the corner of a specimen of commercial-purity titanium (ASTM F67, grade 2) etched with modified...