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material degradation

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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 15 Scanning electron image showing isolated degradation of the grip material. 30× More
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Scanning electron image showing isolated degradation of the grip material. 30x More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c0090424
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... is a common breakdown product produced during the decomposition of polycarbonate. The conclusion was that the most likely cause of the molecular degradation was improper drying and/or exposure to excessive heat during the injection molding process that in turn caused the material degradation. Brackets...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006916
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... and orientation. It also presents examples of failures stemming from material degradation improper use of metal inserts, weak weld lines, insufficient curing of thermosets, and inadequate mixing and impregnation in the case of thermoset composites. injection molding manufacturing-related failures...
Image
Published: 15 January 2021
Fig. 9 (a) Short-term and (b) long-term overheating of boiler tubes. Long-term overheating usually is caused by creep as the microstructure of the material degrades at temperature over time. Grains do not deform, but voids develop at grain-boundary junctions and grow and coalesce over time More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... coolant loss is greater than the engine system balance can accommodate. Specimen Selection Specimen locations were selected to determine the nature and extent of material degradation. Specimens were sectioned from the perimeter of the throat revealing the cross-sectional area (hot-gas wall...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006920
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
.... degradation rate photochemical aging plastics solar radiation weathering ENGINEERING POLYMERS are used in an increasing number of applications in different environments. Materials used in outdoor environments are often exposed to extreme weather or environmental stress factors. The main factors...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006871
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... to these conditions can be discoloration (fading or yellowing), loss of mechanical strength, embrittlement, loss of electrical insulation and resistance properties, loss of flame retardant properties, and many more. The degree to which a particular material degrades depends on its sensitivity to each of the above...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006867
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... embrittlement and temperature on polymer performance. brittle fracture degradation environmental stress cracking performance polymers surface embrittlement temperature POLYMERIC MATERIALS are often differentiated according to their short-term and long-term mechanical properties. The category...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006909
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Abstract Accelerated life testing and aging methodologies are increasingly being used to generate engineering data for determining material property degradation and service life (or fitness for purpose) of plastic materials for hostile service conditions. This article presents an overview...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0006440
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... section. The corrosion product was shown to adhere loosely to the base material, and it was found that a gentle wash with acetone could dislodge the particles. This finding gave rise to another possible source for material degradation—that of erosion-corrosion, which may in part attribute to the worn...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006921
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... the hydrostatic design basis approach, Miner's rule, the Arrhenius model, and the Paris Law for fatigue crack propagation, are discussed. accelerated testing Arrhenius model chemical degradation environmental stress cracking fatigue crack propagation Miner's rule Paris law polymeric materials...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0090442
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... degradation of the failed part material, and the thermograms supported this. The conclusion was that the failed sleeves had cracked due to embrittlement associated with severe degradation and the corresponding molecular weight reduction. The reduction in molecular weight significantly reduced the mechanical...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003550
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract The article commences with an overview of short-term and long-term mechanical properties of polymeric materials. It discusses plasticization, solvation, and swelling in rubber products. The article further describes environmental stress cracking and degradation of polymers...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0090460
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... of molecular degradation caused by the service conditions. Specifically, the part material had undergone severe chemical attack, including oxidation and hydrolysis, through contact with silver chloride. The source of the silver chloride was not established, but one potential source was photographic silver...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006933
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... of contaminants is illustrated in Examples 3 and 8 in Ref 4 . Degradation Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy is a valuable tool in assessing a failed component material for degradation such as oxidation and hydrolysis. Molecular degradation, often involving molecular weight reduction, has...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0090451
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... that reconciled the discrepancy. The GPC results showed that the drying process produced competing reactions of chain scission and cross linking. The net result was severe degradation of the dried resin, which predisposed the molding material to produce jackets having poor mechanical properties. The GPC testing...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003525
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... it is mixed homogeneously into the resin or present as a discrete inclusion. The role of FTIR in the identification of contaminants is discussed in examples 3 and 8 in this article. Degradation Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy is a valuable tool in assessing a failed component material...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c0090427
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... that the grip material exhibited very little integrity, unlike the usual ductility associated with ABS resins. A white discoloration was also observed on the otherwise red grips. The surface of the grips was evaluated using SEM, revealing isolated areas that showed significant degradation in the form...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001767
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
..., along with crack networks. Both FTIR and TGA analyses indicated that the surface material was in a highly degraded state, likely due to weathering and thermal and ultraviolet exposure. This, in turn, led to the formation of cracks that propagated under the cyclic forces of vibration and wind...