1-20 of 500 Search Results for

material defects

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0047125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... removed from service because it developed a fatigue crack at a material defect. Detail A shows the area where the crack occurred and a view of the fracture surface revealed when the hub was broken open to examine the crack. View B-B, a macrograph of the fracture surface, shows the origin of the fatigue...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001283
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... sections across the defects revealed intergranular cracks tracing a path of round, segregated particles and oxide film discontinuities. The segregated particles were rich in copper It was concluded that the cracking was the result of segregations occurring in poor-quality raw material. The source of...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0047109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... failed in the threaded portion also suggests a stress-concentration effect. Recommendations included changing the material spec to a higher-strength material with greater impact strength. In this case, it was recommended that the stems, despite any possible design changes, be manufactured from an alloy...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... pump was negligible. Fabrication problems, like casting defects (shrinkage, void, etc.) were observed in the pump’s body, and show the lake of proper fabrication process. These types of defects can lead to accelerating damages on pumps. According to mechanical tests, the pump material did not...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047865
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... of the tooth. It was concluded that the seam had been present before the shaft was heat treated and these seams acted as stress raisers during induction hardening to cause the shaft failure. It was recommended that the specifications should specify that the shaft material should be free of seams and...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001601
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
...; therefore, a thick wall tube is cold extruded and finished on a draw bench or pilger mill. The drawing process is essentially a tensile process. Microcracks and other defects inside the material tend to propagate during the draw, leading to failure. The area reduction is typically limited to 10% for each...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001636
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... Abstract A Lynx helicopter from the Royal Netherlands Navy lost a rotor blade during preparation for take-off. The blade loss was due to failure of a rotor hub arm by fatigue. The arm was integral to the titanium alloy rotor hub. An extensive material based failure analysis covered the hub...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001833
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Abstract The failure of a boiler operating at 540 °C and 9.4 MPa was investigated by examining material samples from the near-failure region and by thermodynamic analysis. A scanning Auger microprobe, SEM, and commercial thermodynamic software codes were used in the investigation. Results...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article focuses on the visual or macroscopic examination of damaged materials and interpretation of damage and fracture features. Analytical tools available for evaluations of corrosion and wear damage features include energy dispersive spectroscopy, electron probe microanalysis...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... typical types of damage experienced for metallic components. This article discusses the processes involved in visual or macroscopic examination of damaged material; the interpretation of fracture features, corrosion, and wear damage features; and the analysis of base material composition. It covers the...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001909
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... parameters resulted in acceptable welds. Bombs (weapons) Bomb fins Welded joints Weld defects Low-carbon steel Joining-related failures Reference 1. Anon .: in Welding Handbook , 8th ed. , vol. 1 , Welding Technology, Connor L.P. , ed., American Welding Society , Miami...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001255
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... castings with 0.8 to 1.0% C, 1% Mn, 1% Cr, 0.5% Mo and 0.4% Ni and were heat treated to a tensile strength of 950 N/sq mm. Because the bending stress on mounting was only 42 N/sq mm in the fracture cross section, it was evident at the outset that material defects had promoted the fracture. In the case of...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c9001154
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... be recognized as flaky cracks already in the fracture, and which later were united. No material defects could be detected in the cross section parallel to the fracture plane except for these very short cracks. These comparatively insignificant defects were sufficient to cause the fracture during high...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003500
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., design deficiencies, material defects, manufacturing/installation defects, and service life anomalies, with examples. The article describes several common charting methods that may be useful in performing an RCA. It also discusses other failure analysis tools, including review of all sources of input and...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.marine.c9001445
EISBN: 978-1-62708-227-3
... laminations, it is apparent that, when inspection brings to light such defects, their extent and form require to be ascertained before a decision can be reached as to the suitability of the material for service. Where defects do not run completely parallel to the plate surfaces but lie at an angle thereto, or...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001446
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
..., when inspection brings to light such defects, their extent and form require to be ascertained before a decision can be reached as to the suitability of the material for service. Where defects do not run completely parallel to the plate surfaces but lie at an angle thereto, or if they should closely...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001589
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... the filter material used in the air ducts above the plating line. Fibers of the plating tank filter ( Fig. 6 ) were thicker and longer than the size of the observed defect. In comparison, the morphology and shape of fibers from the air duct filter looked very similar to the morphology of the...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001443
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Abstract Following the fusing of one of the copper leads in the choke circuit of an electric welder, a piece of the affected lead was obtained for examination. The sample had large internal cavities and surface bulges. It is remarkable that a wire containing defects of the magnitude present in...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... level of power assistance to the wheels to encourage the driver to put the vehicle in motion prior to turning. Chromium-molybdenum steel - 4135 Chromium-molybdenum steels, mechanical properties Crack initiation Fatigue failure Forging defects Steering arms Stress concentration 4135 UNS...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... . Cliff Robichaud, Wiley & Sons, Inc. , New York ( 1993 ) 3. Gabriel B.L. : SEM : A User’s Manual for Material Science , 1st edn. , p. 109 . American Society for Metals ( 1985 ) 4. Vander Voort G.F. : Phase Identification by Selective Etching , 1st edn. , pp. 1 – 19...