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mass characteristics

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006766
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... parties. Sample characteristics to be evaluated include mass, visual appearance, surface finish, surface treatment, homogeneity, porosity, and so on. Ultimately, the quality of the chemical analysis is dependent on the quality of the analytical specimen. As a rule, the analyst should practice good...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c9001434
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
..., and characteristic of that resulting from fatigue. The origin of the major crack was associated with a crescent-shaped area immediately below the weld deposit. This showed brittle fracture characteristics and appeared to be an initial crack that occurred at the time of welding and from which the fatigue crack...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006771
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...Abstract Abstract This article covers the three most popular techniques used to characterize the very outermost layers of solid surfaces: Auger electron spectroscopy (AES), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS). Some of the more...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... corrosion and describes the corrosion resistance characteristics of specific classes of refractories and structural ceramics. The article also examines the prevention strategies that minimize corrosion failures of both classes of materials. aerospace industry automotive industry chemical corrosion...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003565
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Wear of Metals Deformation during Impact In bodies subjected to repetitive impulse loading, characteristic subsurface zones have been observed for a large variety of materials under various test conditions (with both normal and compound impact) ( Ref 4 ). In general, three subsurface...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... impart two-body wear damage to component parts. They are not constrained by another solid, as distinguished from grinding, which is discussed later. Abrasive Particle Characteristics Abrasive particle characteristics, such as shape, density, size, hardness, and their relation to wear rate...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006793
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
.... , Characteristics of Metallic Subsurface Zones in Sliding and Impact Wear , Wear , Vol 74 , 1981 , p 131 – 142 10.1016/0043-1648(81)90199-X 13. Engel P.A. , Impact Wear of Materials , Elsevier , Amsterdam , 1976 14. Stachowiak G.W. and Batchelor A.W. , Engineering Tribology...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001901
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
.... In the worst case scenario, such failures would lead to unzipping of entire molecules into thousands of CH 2 O mers, which because of the low boiling point (−21°C), would lead to huge mass losses and severely compromised structural characteristics. To test this hypothesis, the weight percents as a function...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001851
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Ω r 2 cos θ r + Ω ̇ r sin θ r (Eq 11) F By = m B e Ω r 2 sin θ r − Ω ̇ r cos θ r where m B is the unbalance mass located at a distance e from the geometrical shaft center, and Ω r is defined as: Ω r = d θ r...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001490
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
..., transmission electron microscopy, optical microscopy, and x-ray microanalysis in conjunction with dimensional analysis, phase diagrams and thermodynamics considerations were employed to evaluate the various hypotheses. All evidence pointed to an oxide mass in the area where the hole developed, likely...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003534
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the organic contaminants observed include generic hydrocarbon fragments and polydimethyl siloxane (PDMS), often referred to as silicone. (Note that XPS and AES found little, if any, Si on the stainless steel surface.) A characteristic PDMS fragmentation pattern is seen with peaks at positive ion masses 73...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.../s (330 ft/s). This speed can produce a pressure of several hundred MPa, sufficient to damage most common materials ( Ref 1 ). Fig. 1 Numerical simulation of a bubble collapse near a solid surface showing evolution of the bubble during collapse Characteristics of the Cavitation Process...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
...Abstract Abstract A 20 ton polar crane motor fell during a 3400 kg (7500 lb) lift, narrowly missing personnel working beneath the crane. Witnesses reported that the motor fall was preceded by a falling oil mass, and it was believed that the motor was intact prior to impact. The maintenance...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003522
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... microanalysis, Auger electron spectroscopy, secondary ion mass spectroscopy, and X-ray powder diffraction. The article discusses the analysis and interpretation of base material composition and microstructures. Preparation and examination of metallographic specimens in failure analysis are also discussed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001506
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... fitting. A bracket which supports the in-line fuel flow transducer also was found broken. Examination of the elbow fracture revealed characteristics of low-cycle fatigue failure. Examination of the support bracket fractures revealed a high-cycle mode of fatigue failure, with the primary fatigue extending...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003525
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... center on the techniques used to evaluate the composition and structure of the material. Unlike metals, polymers have a molecular structure that includes characteristics such as molecular weight, crystallinity, and orientation, and this has a significant impact on the properties of the molded article...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001605
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
...Abstract Abstract After a quick-release fitting of an ejection seat broke, an investigation was performed to determine the manner and cause of crack propagation. Most fractography-based investigations aim to characterize only qualitative characteristics, such as the fracture orientation...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
.... The failure was initially thought to be the result of thermal fatigue, and the internal surfaces exhibited the “elephant hide” pattern characteristic of thermal fatigue. However metallographic failure analysis found that this pattern was the result of corrosion rather than thermal fatigue. Corrosion caused...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006757
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
...Basic characteristics of engineering polymers Table 1 Basic characteristics of engineering polymers Location (a) Characteristics Examples (b) 1 Flexible and crystallizable chains PEPPPVCPA 2 Cross-linked amorphous networks of flexible chains Phenol-formaldehyde cured...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... environment, exhibit variations in roll life. The paper provides an insight into the microstructural characteristics of spalled ICED HSM work rolls, which underwent failure under similar mill operating environment in an integrated steel plant under the Steel Authority of India Limited. Microstructural...