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martensitic steels

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0047566
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... stainless steel filler metal to form a fillet between the handle and the cover. The structure was found to contain a zone of brittle martensite in the portion of the weld adjacent to the low-carbon steel handle; fracture had occurred in this zone. The brittle martensite layer in the weld was the result...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001352
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... martensitic stainless steel. Initial examination of the valves showed that failure occurred in a weld at the ball/stem junction end of austenitic stainless steel sleeves that had been welded to the valve stem at both ends. Metallographic examination showed that a crack had been introduced into the weld...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003560
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... crusher wear, electronic circuit board drill wear, grinding plate wear failure analysis, impact wear of disk cutters, and identification of abrasive wear modes in martensitic steels. abrasive wear failures abrasive wear mechanisms adhesive wear erosive-type wear wear failure analysis...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001094
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... austenitic grain boundaries. Abstract Cadmium-coated type 410 martensitic stainless steel 1 4 -14 self-drilling tapping screws fractured during retorquing tests within a few weeks after installation. The screws were used to assemble structural steel frames for granite panels that formed...
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Published: 01 December 1992
Fig. 18 Log-log da/dN versus delta K fatigue crack growth-rate test results for 310 MPa (45 ksi) maximum stress and stress ratio of 0.73. The scatterband (two parallel lines) is for quenched and tempered martensitic steels from NCHRP 12–14. Note that the A517 grade, F, plate D, test results More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001355
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... and the fir tree crack marked with an arrow. Abstract A cracked, martensitic stainless steel, low-pressure turbine blade from a 623 MW turbine generator was found to exhibit fatigue cracks during a routine turbine inspection. The blade was cracked at the first notch of the fir tree and the cracks...
Image
Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 12 Tempered martensite microstructure of the PH 13-8 Mo stainless steel and transgranular internal crack from the shrink link cylinder wall (Vilella's etchant, ×1000). More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 3 Structure of the steel after the heat treatment (tempered martensite), etched with Nital. 200 × More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
.... Because the susceptibility to SCC increases with increasing hardness in martensitic steels, the increased hardness caused by “burning” in the fastener holes added to the susceptibility of the D6ac steel frame to SCC. Second, the galvanic potential between the dissimilar metals used (i.e., the D6ac...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001098
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... at the higher magnifications. However, the lack of fatigue striations is not unusual for martensitic steels. The fracture surface of screw No. 4 at the eighth thread root location showed multiple origin sites; however, the fatigue region was small. Fig. 6 shows two SEM micrographs of the fracture surface...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... coarse-grained and acicular, and the microstructure of the welding seam had become predominantly martensitic as a result of the mixing of the weld metal with the fused pipe material. The chrome steel pipe had become partially transformed to martensite or bainite at the transition to the weld. Thus...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0047545
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... reflectors, indicating the presence of slag inclusions and porosity. A low-carbon steel flux-cored filler metal was used in repair welding the crankshaft, without any preweld or postweld heating. This resulted in the formation of martensite in the HAZ. The repair weld failed by brittle fracture, which...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0048064
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... hooks were flame cut from ASTM A242 fine-grain steel plate, ground to remove the material damaged by flame cutting and stress relieved at 620 deg C. Cranes Flame cutting Hooks Martensite Normalizing (heat treatment) 1040 UNS G10400 Fatigue fracture A 10,890-kg (12-ton) coil hook failed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0047879
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... and not in the heat-affected zone of the forged steel shaft. Microscopic investigation and chemical analysis of the steel shaft revealed presence of martensite (offered a path of easy crack propagation) around the fusion line and dilution of the weld metal by the carbon steel shaft. The microstructure was found...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001111
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... lines) is for quenched and tempered martensitic steels from NCHRP 12–14. Note that the A517 grade, F, plate D, test results fell within the scatterband. Fig. 17 Compact tension test results for 57 mm (2 1 4 in.) thick A517 grade H, heat A4071. Note the onset of elastic-plastic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0047694
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... martensite present in the weld area after the heat treatment. The test failures of the AISI 1080 steel wire butt-welded joints were due to martensite produced in cooling from the welding operation that was not tempered adequately in postweld heat treatment, and to poor wire-end preparation for welding...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003570
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... specification is ASTM A-27, grade 70-40; other applicable specifications for carbon steel in turbines and pumps are A-216, grade WCB; A-516, grade 60; and A-283, grades A, B, C, and D. When higher strength is needed, cast martensitic stainless steels are specified. Many machines, especially high-head pumps...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0047579
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... deposits were of type 347 stainless steel, and the flanges were type 304 stainless steel. Metallographic examination of the failed studs revealed that the HAZs contained regions of martensite and that intergranular cracks, which initiated at the stud surfaces during welding, propagated to complete...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... and contraction that occurs within a part because of thermal gradients during heating and cooling. In addition to thermal stresses, steels are subjected to transformation stresses when they are hardened to martensite during quenching. Some specific problem areas associated with distortion and cracking...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001646
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... of Z-profile wires on the outer rope layer were abrasion induced and accentuated by arrays of fine transverse cracks that developed on a surface martensite layer. Surface martensite Wire breakage Steel wire rope Abrasive wear Brittle fracture Steel wire ropes of different constructions...