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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001198
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... × Furthermore, a shape-conditioned stress peak may have been formed at the bottom of the groove that had a rounded-off radius of only 2 mm. For metallographic examination, sections were made at the notch base parallel to the fracture. Figure 2 shows one of the sections at a 3:1 scale. The larger ferrite...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... for better behavior of the container. Cooling coils Hydrogen sulfide Leakage X10CrNiMoTi 18 10 Stress-corrosion cracking A cooling coil made of austenitic stainless steel (chromium-nickel-molybdenum X 10 CrNiMoTi 18 10, material No. 1.4571) started leaking in 15 spots after 8 weeks' service...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... Abstract A welded vessel made of acid resistant 18-8 steel used in a derusting operation started to leak after a long period due to the formation of cracks. The vessel was heated from the outside and did not come into direct contact with the flame. It was surrounded by a casing of unalloyed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001731
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... Abstract Service failures have occurred in a number of aircraft parts made of quenched and tempered steel heat treated to ultimate tensile strengths of 260,000 to 280,000 psi. Some of these failures have been attributed to “delayed cracking” as a result of hydrogen embrittlement or to stress...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... of the pitted areas. Alternatively polishing and etching micro-sections for viewing at high magnification made crack detail more visible. Optical and scanning electron micrographs showed cracking in austenitic cast steel and cast iron due to both internal tensile and critical residual stresses; the latter...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0091533
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... Abstract A clamp used for securing the hot-air ducting system on fighter aircraft fractured in an area adjacent to a slot near the end of the strap after two or three years of service. The strap was 0.8 mm (0.032 in.) thick, and the V-section was 1.3 mm (0.050 in.) thick; both were made of 19-9...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0046015
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Abstract A two-section extension ladder, made from 6061-T6 aluminum alloy extrusions and stampings that were riveted together at each rung location and at the ends of side rails, broke in service after having been used at the sites of several fires by the fire department of a large city...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001602
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Abstract This article presents a failure analysis of 37.5 mW gas turbine third stage buckets made of Udimet 500 superalloy. The buckets experienced repetitive integral tip shroud fractures assisted by a low temperature (type II) hot corrosion. A detailed analysis was carried out on elements...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c0048399
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
... Abstract Two of four adjustable Moore pins, which had been used to stabilize a proximal femur fracture, were found to be broken and deformed at their threads. The pins were made from a cobalt-chromium alloy and were not in the same condition. Brittle precipitates in the grains and grain...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c0048423
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
... cobalt-chromium-molybdenum alloy. (a) Radiograph of total hip prosthesis. Circular wire marks acetabulum component made from plastics. Arrows (from top to bottom) indicate the area where the prosthesis stem is loosening at the collar, a stem fracture, and a fracture of bone cement at the end of the stem...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c0048397
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
... Abstract A large portion of the four-hole Lane plate disintegrated and consisted mainly of corrosion products after remaining in the body for 26 years. Transformation structures and carbides were exhibited by the plate which was made from chromium steel. Minimal corrosion was exhibited...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c0089543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
.... Bone screws Casting defects Screws Surgical implants ASTM F75 Casting-related failures Portions of the threads of the screw shown in Fig. 1(a) had broken off, and other threads had cracked. The screw was made from a cast Co-Cr-Mo alloy. A longitudinal section through the screw revealed gas...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c9001250
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c9001155
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... Composition A check on the chemical composition confirmed that both milling machine arbors were made of the material 16 Mn Cr 5 ( Table 1 ). Chemical composition of the milling machine arbors in wt.% Table 1 Chemical composition of the milling machine arbors in wt.% C % Si % Mn % Cr...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001452
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... portion of a bracket, bent cold through 90° over 1 4 in. radius and artificially aged by heating at 260°C for three hours. When at attempt was made to straighten the pieces after they were cold, brittle fracture took place after an angular movement of about 5° and the fracture showed a similar...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001224
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... Abstract A recuperator for blast heating of a cupola furnace became unserviceable because of the brittle fracture of several finned tubes made of heat resistant cast steel containing 1.4C, 2.3Si and 28Cr. The service temperature was reported as 850 deg C. This led to the suspicion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001121
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... (1.250 in.) wide, and 250 mm (10 in.) long, was submitted for examination, The piece had been variously machined. Two holes had been made 34.3 mm (1.350 in.) from each end of the tool. The first, from the base of the part, was 25.4 mm (1.00 in.) in diameter and 19.3 mm (0.760 in.) long. A smaller hole...
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 6 Valve springs made from patented and drawn high-carbon steel wire. Distorted outer spring (left) exhibited about 25% set because of proeutectoid ferrite in the microstructure and high operating temperature. Outer spring (right) is satisfactory. More
Image
Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 18 Cracks in a shaft radiating from deep identification marks made with steel stamps. Cracking occurred during heat treatment of the shaft. More