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machine design

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006834
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Abstract This article is dedicated to the fields of mechanical engineering and machine design. It also intends to give a nonexhaustive view of the preventive side of the failure analysis of rolling-element bearings (REBs) and of some of the developments in terms of materials and surface...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c0090276
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
.... Recommendations included design changes in the head/shell joint, and detailed preventive maintenance inspection procedures were also suggested. Bolts Cracking (fracturing) Design Paper machines Pressure vessels Preventative maintenance Yankee dryer Cast iron (Other, general, or unspecified) fracture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0089766
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... by final machining. Carrier vehicles Chassis Fillet welds Flanges Inclusions Joint design Nonmetallic inclusions Posheating Stress relieving Tubes Welded joints 4140 UNS G41400 1025 UNS G10250 Fatigue fracture Joining-related failures Two tubular steel posts in a carrier vehicle...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001037
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... of cementite, and to a design that had a raised central section of the inner diameter whose fillets were locations of high stress concentration. Rough machining of the inner diameter and an excessively deep case also contributed to failure. A double type of heat treatment after carburizing and change...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0009222
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article describes the six fundamental factors that decide a tool's performance. These are mechanical design, grade of tool steel, machining procedure, heat treatment, grinding, and handling. A deficiency in any one of the factors can lead to a tool and die failure. The article...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c9001551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
.... It was found that the natural frequency of the wheel truing device was the culprit. A tuned damped absorber was designed and built to modify the resonance. This eliminated the problem. Grinding machines Printing press rolls Shafts (power) Vibration analysis Structural steel Fatigue fracture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0001784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... working stress of 475 MPa (69 ksi) gives a safe margin above the 390 MPa (57 ksi) requirement for design stress. Interpreting these values, the forged surface should have a life expectancy of 1,000,000 cycles of stress. However, because the load cycle was somewhat uncertain, the machined radius was chosen...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006912
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... machined off to avoid fit problems with mating parts Selecting proper gate locations requires some understanding of tool design and injection molding. Because these topics are discussed in other articles in this Volume, they are not described here. However, one should remember that the injection...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
.... With a clear understanding of the coupling mode of failure, the coupling and washing machine design, and the manner in which the operator used the washer, the root physical cause of failure may be determined with certainty. Suppose, however, all indications show that the operator only loaded and used...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... Abstract The locking collar on a machine failed suddenly when the shaft it restrained was inadvertently subjected to an axial load slightly higher than the allowable working load. The locking collar fractured abruptly, producing four large fragments. This allowed the shaft to be propelled...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c0047779
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... specified for the shafts was a free-machining grade of A6 tool steel. Fig. 1 A6 tool steel tube-bending-machine shaft that failed by fatigue fracture. Section A-A: Original and improved designs for fillet in failure region. Dimensions are in inches. View B: Fracture surface showing regions of fatigue...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006864
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Abstract This article discusses technologies focused on processing plastic materials or producing direct tools used in plastics processing. The article focuses on extrusion and injection molding, covering applications, materials and their properties, equipment, processing details, part design...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0047632
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Abstract An air bottle, machined from a solid block of aluminum alloy 2219-T852, displayed liquid-penetrant crack indications after assembly welding. The air bottle was machined to rough shape, a 3.8 mm (0.15 in.) wall thickness cylindrical cup with a 19 mm (3/4 in.) wall thickness integral...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0047879
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... and end ring were preheated to 150 °C (300 °F). The cap was joined to the shaft using a single U-groove weld, which was machined flush before the stainless steel ring was installed. Another single U-groove weld was used to join the ring to the end cap. This design eliminated welding at an inside corner...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001510
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... Abstract Proper stress analysis during component design is imperative for accurate life and performance prediction. The total stress on a part is comprised of the applied design stress and any residual stress that may exist due to forming or machining operations. Stress-corrosion cracking may...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0048060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... slightly smaller than the root diameter was placed at the end of the thread, and a large-radius fillet was machined at the change in diameters of the shank. Also, the nut was redesigned to extend beyond the threaded portion to relieve the stresses (Improved design, Fig. 1 ). Undercutting the last thread...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0089254
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... in an orientation of relatively high stress. Failure prevention recommendations involved specification of a nonresulfurized grade of a low-alloy steel. This example illustrates some of the complexity and subtlety of RCA. The material was no doubt chosen for its ease of machining. The designer may not have been...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006800
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Abstract Materials selection is closely related to the objectives of failure analysis and prevention. This article briefly reviews the general aspects of materials selection as a concern in both proactive failure prevention during design and as a possible root cause of failed parts. Coverage...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... of the sleeve bore were chamfered to form a weld preparation. After welding, the faces were machined which resulted in the removal of most of the weld metal and revealed a pronounced lack of penetration. All bolts used to anchor derrick crane back stays should be designed in accordance with the recommendations...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.homegoods.c0091857
EISBN: 978-1-62708-222-8
... Abstract After the mixing machines were introduced into service, excessive assembly stresses and inappropriate detail design caused the premature failures of ice cream drink mixer blades shortly. The mixer blade is slightly deformed by the contact between the wavy washer at the bottom...