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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006826
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Abstract The first part of this article focuses on two major forms of machining-related failures, namely machining workpiece (in-process) failures and machined part (in-service) failures. Discussion centers on machining conditions and metallurgical factors contributing to (in-process) workpiece...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... Abstract A needle bearing from a filling and seating machine for milk cartons became unusable due to corrosion and fracture of a ring after only four weeks of operation of the machine in a Finnish milk packing plant. These bearings were subject to corrosion by water condensates in this type...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c9001568
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
... Abstract Two suction rolls at the first press section of a 25 ft. wide paper machine developed cracks within two years of service. The rolls were austenitic stainless steel castings made of ASTM A 351 Grade CF8M alloy containing molybdenum. The rolls were exposed to slightly acidic white water...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Abstract Several torsion bars had failed in a projectile weaving machine and were analyzed to determine the cause. Specimens prepared from the damaged components were subjected to visual inspection, hardness testing, chemical analysis, and metallurgical evaluations. The failed torsion bars had...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001842
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Abstract A felt guide roll fractured in-service on a paper manufacturing machine, damaging the belt as well as multiple dryer rolls, nearby felt guide rolls, and the frame of the machine. The investigation included visual and stereoscopic examination, chemical and microstructural analysis...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.9781627082259
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001078
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Abstract A gear belonging to a pressurized heavy-water reactor refueling machine failed after 10 years in service. The material specified for the gear was a type C90700 bronze. Macroscopic examination focused on three gear teeth that had fractured completely at the roots, and fracture zones...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001557
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Abstract A number of machined end frame steel forgings made of Cr-Si-Mn alloy showed tiny cracks during magnetic particle inspection after heat treatment. The cracks were mostly confined to base edges and fillet radius. No significant abnormality was observed in chemical composition...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.9781627082235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.design.c0091358
EISBN: 978-1-62708-233-4
... Abstract After about two years in service, a 303 stainless steel valve in contact with a carbonated soft drink in a vending machine occasionally dispensed a discolored drink with a sulfide odor. According to the laboratory at the bottling plant, the soft drink in question was strongly acidic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c0047840
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
.... As a corrective measure, the hole through the square end of the mandrel was incorporated into the design of the tool and was drilled and reamed before heat treatment and specified hardness of the threaded portion and square end of the mandrel was reduced. Drilling Electric discharge machining Rockwell...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c9001155
EISBN: 978-1-62708-223-5
... Abstract Milling machine arbors were inserted with satellite spindles having a maximum speed of 1500 rpm, and broke out between the groove and the flange. The appearance of the fracture surface was the same on both arbors. The pronounced scan lines characterized the fractures as fatigue...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.pulp.c0048804
EISBN: 978-1-62708-230-3
... Abstract Several cases of failures in gray cast iron paper machine dryer rolls were evaluated. The rolls were found have ground outer cylindrical surfaces on which the paper web is dried. They were found to rotate about their longitudinal axes at speeds from 50 to 250 rpm while containing...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001050
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... in a paper-drying machine ruptured during normal operation. Applications Paper machines producing soft types of paper (tissue and toweling) or similar products utilize a single large Yankee dryer for final drying of the paper sheet. This Yankee dryer was internally Ceased with steam at 450 kPa (65...
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 2 Four-axis CNC flow forming machine with a 3-roller More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Forged 4140 steel textile-machine crankshaft that fractured in fatigue originating at machining marks and forging defects. (a) Configuration and dimensions (given in inches). (b) Fracture surface. (c) Hot trim marks. (d) Snag grinding marks. (e) Hot folds. (f) Section through a hot fold More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 7 Geometry of notch machined into tensile specimen to simulate surface defect. More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 2 Checking wing vibration on plane resting on shaking machine. Transducer is in technician's hand. FFT analyzer is at right. Authors contend that vibration is an underrated contributor to substandard product quality. (Hewlett-Packard Co.) More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 4 Accelerometer at left center is attached to a grinding machine. Tiny, complex vibrations caused variations in the quality of internally ground bores. More
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 4 Location of air receiver as seen on identical machine. More