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lubrication

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0089633
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... 100x magnification) supported the conclusion that the crack initiated at the inner edge of a lubrication hole and had propagated toward both the threaded and flange ends of the casting. An appreciable residual-stress concentration must have been present and caused propagation of the crack. The residual...
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 13 (a) Indicative trends in influence of reinforcement and solid lubrication on friction and wear of high-temperature polymers. P = 1 MPa; V = 1 m/s. PEN, polyethernitrile; PEEK, polyetheretherketone; PEEKK, polyetheretherketoneketone; gr, graphite; TF, Teflon. 1, neat polymers; 2 More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 4 Schematic of the transition from (a) inadequate (boundary) lubrication at startup to (b) hydrodynamic lubrication at full speed, h is minimum separation More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 36 Heavy smearing and scratches on axial ribs due to poor lubrication under high axial loads in a roller bearing. (a) Heavy abrasive wear on cylindrical roller board, same working conditions. (b) Seizure of axial rib under the same working conditions. (c) Note that current practice More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 69 Elastohydrodynamic lubrication and the influence of film thickness on the damaging mechanism of the contact areas. Source: Ref 50 More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c9001605
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
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Published: 01 June 2019
Fig. 1 Pitting and surface microcracks on the tooth flank of an oil-lubricated nylon driving gear. 37×. Source: Ref 1 More
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Published: 01 December 2019
Fig. 11 Hard lubricated teflon pads More
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Published: 01 January 2002
Fig. 15 Pitting and surface microcracks on the tooth flank of an oil-lubricated nylon driving gear. 37×. Source: Ref 53 More
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Published: 30 August 2021
Fig. 6 The friction of sliding bearing pairs for different lubricants. EP, extreme pressure More
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047998
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... Abstract The drive-shaft hanger bearings failed after 300 to 400 h in service. The shaft, supported by labyrinth-sealed single row radial ball bearings of ABEC-1 tolerances, was made of aluminum 2024-T3 tubing (2.5 cm diam and 1.2 mm wall thickness). The bearings were lubricated with a paste...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006806
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... provides an overview of bearing materials, and then presents the various lubrication mechanisms: hydrostatic, hydrodynamic, boundary lubrication, elastohydrodynamic, and squeeze-film lubrication. The article describes the effect of debris and contaminant particles in bearings. The steps involved in failure...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Abstract This article discusses the classification of sliding bearings and describes the major groups of soft metal bearing materials: babbitts, copper-lead bearing alloys, bronze, and aluminum alloys. It provides a discussion on the methods for fluid-film lubrication in bearings. The article...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0047956
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... installation of the bearings. The preinstallation practices and the procedures for installing the bearings were carefully studied. It was revealed that during one preinstallation step, the lubricant applied by the bearing manufacturer was removed and the bearing was relubricated with another type of lubricant...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0046146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... that the primary fracture initiated from multiple origins on both sides of a lubrication hole that extended from the outer surface to the bore of a lug in two cadmium-plated flanged bushings made of copper alloy C63000 (aluminum bronze) that were press-fitted into each bored hole in the lug. Sectioning and 2x...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0046512
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... been nickel plated. During assembly of the actuators a lubricant containing molybdenum disulfide had been applied to the gaskets as a sealant. The vellum gasket was found to be electrically conductive, and analysis (visual inspection, 500x unetched micrographs, galvanic action testing, and x-ray...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047935
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... was evidenced to have been melted and welded to the inner-ring raceway. It was revealed by randomly spaced welded areas on the raceways that the welding was the result of short electrical discharges between the bearing raceways and the balls. The use of an electrically nonconductive lubricant in the bearings...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0009190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... Abstract In an industrial application, 24 speed-increaser gearboxes were used to transmit 258 kW (346 hp) and increase speed from 55 to 375 rev/min. The gears were parallel shaft, single helical, carburized, and ground. The splash lubrication system used a mineral oil without antiscuff...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0046388
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
.... Recommendations included hardening and tempering the bolts to the hardness range of 375 to 430 HRB. The thimbles should be heat treated to a similar microstructure and the same hardness range as those of the bolt. Molybdenum disulfide lubricant can be liberally applied during the initial installation of the bolts...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0092102
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Abstract A nylon oil-lubricated driving gear showed pitting upon visual inspection. The pitting produced numerous surface microcracks. Further investigation (visual inspection and 37x images) supported the conclusion that failure occurred in association with large-scale fragmentation...