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lubricating mechanism

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Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006806
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... provides an overview of bearing materials, and then presents the various lubrication mechanisms: hydrostatic, hydrodynamic, boundary lubrication, elastohydrodynamic, and squeeze-film lubrication. The article describes the effect of debris and contaminant particles in bearings. The steps involved in failure...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003571
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... failure of an antifriction bearing, a nylon driving gear, and a polyoxymethylene gear wheel. antifriction bearing cohesive wear elastomers glassy thermoplastics interfacial wear lubricant mechanical properties nylon nylon driving gear plastics polyoxymethylene gear wheel semicrystalline...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006869
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... resistance is the main criteria. The dominant lubrication mechanism of polymers is the elastohydrodynamic regime, which is associated with elastic deformation of coupled surfaces where both bearing surfaces are polymers. Polymer applications in tribosystems support the elimination or reduce the need to apply...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0047956
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Abstract Randomly selected dictating-machine drive mechanisms, which contained small ball bearings, were found to exhibit unacceptable fluctuations in drive output during the early stages of production. It was indicated that the bearing raceways were being true brinelled before or during...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0046146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... hole since no material defects were found at the failure origin. Recommendations included redesign of the lubrication hole, shot peeing of the faces of the lug for added resistance to fatigue failure, and changing of the forging material to aluminum alloy 7175-T736 for its higher mechanical properties...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11B
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 May 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006911
EISBN: 978-1-62708-395-9
... Abstract Tribology is the study of contacting materials in relative motion and more specifically the study of friction, wear, and lubrication. This article discusses the classification and the mechanisms of friction, wear, and lubrication of polymers. It describes the tribological applications...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0089633
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... Abstract A stuffing box (sand cast from ASTM A 536, grade 60-45-10, ductile iron) began leaking water after two weeks of service. The machine was operating at 326 rpm with a discharge water pressure of 21.4 MPa (3100 psi). Investigation (visual inspection, mechanical analysis, and nital etched...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003524
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... mechanics fracture modes fracture surface lubricants macroscopic examination mechanical testing microscopic examination nondestructive inspection sampling simulated-service testing stress analysis wear failure ANALYZING the inevitable failures that occur during testing, manufacturing...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003558
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... motion Loading Type of lubrication Environment This tribosystem concept can be extended to include those elements or factors that affect the fundamental ones listed. In practice, it generally is appropriate to think of the tribosystem as at least extending to the mechanism or device...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001078
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... of lubrication. Because only one-half of the tooth height was worn, misalignment clearly was produced either during assembly or during service. Heavy wear and misaligrnnent can be mutually promoted, and both will enhance the fatigue mechanism. Conclusion and Recommendations Most Probable Cause...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003564
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... mechanism of these HIP materials. Transient wear of silicon nitride in lubricated rolling contact was investigated using a ball-on-rod test machine, with the maximum Hertz stress ranging from 5 to 6.5 GPa (0.72 to 0.94 ├Ś 10 6 psi). Wear rate and behavior were dependent on the initial surface roughness...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006791
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... deformation. They both represent the final stages in lubrication breakdown and are barriers to expanding the limits of lubrication for many types of mechanical components ( Ref 29 ). Scuffing Scuffing, being typical in gear applications, is a sudden and irreversible process defined as the localized...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... of downtime adds up quickly while operators troubleshoot and swap out worn components. Initially, the quality of the bushings came into question, but after a detailed analysis of the entire crimping mechanism, several other issues emerged that were not previously considered. As a result, the investigation...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006789
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... aimed at developing new materials, surface treatments, or lubricants. In this view, an important role is played by the characterization of the wear products in identifying the wear mechanism. This activity is very fruitful in tribological testing for obtaining the proper information to be used...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c9001527
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... examination, the rope, strand, and wire diameters should all be measured. Examination should also address the presence or absence of lubricant, corrosion evidence, and gross mechanical damage. Failed wires can exhibit classic cup-and-cone ductile features, flat fatigue features, and various appearances...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0047998
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... Abstract The drive-shaft hanger bearings failed after 300 to 400 h in service. The shaft, supported by labyrinth-sealed single row radial ball bearings of ABEC-1 tolerances, was made of aluminum 2024-T3 tubing (2.5 cm diam and 1.2 mm wall thickness). The bearings were lubricated with a paste...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... the lubrication regime is either boundary or mixed). However, the full film lubrication generally seen in rolling-element bearings should prevent such damage, except at the start/stop of rolling motion. Similarly, plastic flow and bulk failure depend on the bulk thermal and mechanical properties of the bearing...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001809
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... capacity lubricants rotating shaft sliding bearings squeeze-film lubrication surface roughness MECHANICAL DEVICES usually contain some moving parts. Bearings are usually provided where a specific spatial relationship (alignment) must be maintained between the parts or where a force...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0047846
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... Abstract An 8640 steel shaft installed in a fuel-injection-pump governor that controlled the speed of a diesel engine used in trucks and tractors broke after few days of operation. The mechanism that drove the shaft was designed to include a slip clutch to protect the governor shaft from shock...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001382
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
.... It was recommended that proper lubrication procedures be maintained to allow free rotation of the bolts while in service. Axles Couplings Lubrication Railroads 1045 UNS G10450 Fatigue fracture Background A trunnion bolt that was part of a coupling system in a train failed in service, causing cars...